Tíbet (Continuación)

Wednesday, on his 76th birthday, His Holiness the Dalai Lama will be honored at Verizon Center by 11,000 people, including Arun Gandhi and Martin Luther King III, the grandson and son of the two stalwarts of nonviolence.

This spring, when people put their lives on the line for democracy during the Jasmine Revolution, with Col. Moammar Gaddafi still shedding blood to hold on to power in Libya, and despite impassioned appeals by Tibetans, the Dalai Lama devolved all his political power to democratically elected Tibetan leaders. That means that the Dalai Lama gave up his constitutional power to dismiss the Tibetan parliament, judiciary and executive; to sign or veto bills; to summon emergency meetings; and to appoint representatives and envoys abroad.…  Seguir leyendo »

La carta enviada por el Dalái Lama al Parlamento tibetano en el exilio, anunciando que abandona por completo sus responsabilidades políticas y administrativas, ha sorprendido a todo el mundo, y, sobre todo, a las autoridades chinas. Exiliado en la India desde 1959, el Dalái Lama ha estimulado así la joven democracia tibetana.

Las iniciativas democráticas del Dalái Lama constituyen una firme expresión de sus convicciones budistas y gandhianas, están en consonancia con los dos principios de confianza en uno mismo y no violencia que seguirán siendo capitales para cualquier medida que tome el nuevo primer ministro tibetano, Lobsang Sangay, y para cualquier diálogo y acuerdo con Pekín.…  Seguir leyendo »

While Tibet raises a number of controversial questions, one dimension will assume increasing political significance: its water resources. The Tibetan Plateau, known to many as the "Third Pole," is an enormous storehouse of freshwater, believed by some to be the world's largest. It is the headwaters of many of Asia's mighty rivers, including the Yellow, Yangtze, Mekong, Salween, Brahmaputra, Indus and Sutlej. These vast water resources are of course vulnerable to environmental challenges, including climate change, but they are subject to an array of political issues as well.

Should China be the lone stakeholder to the fate of the waters in Tibet?…  Seguir leyendo »

Now that the White House has announced that President Obama will receive the Dalai Lama, it is important that he be welcomed not only as a moral and religious leader respected throughout the world but also as a fellow democrat who shares America's deepest values.

This is not an aspect of the Dalai Lama that is well understood, especially by those who see him as the spiritual leader of a traditional people. Yet he is a devoted democrat who has defended the universality of the democratic idea against the "Asian values" argument of various autocrats and who has tried, even before he fled Tibet in 1959, to modernize Tibet's system of government.…  Seguir leyendo »

Il y a peu, le petit monde parisien de l’Unesco était en pleine effervescence, dans l’attente du nouvel élu qui tiendra dorénavant le devant de la scène à sa direction. De rumeurs en joutes serrées, de palabres en négociations laborieuses, la tête de l’organisation internationale est féminine, Irina Bokova la Bulgare l’ayant finalement emporté sur Farouk Hosni l’Egyptien. A peu près en même temps, les amateurs de foot, bien plus nombreux, se passionnaient pour un match décisif entre les équipes de France et des îles Féroé. A première vue, pas grand-chose de commun entre ces deux événements. Et pourtant, le brouhaha autour du premier et les clameurs entourant le second ont relégué loin à l’arrière-plan un troisième événement qui vaut tout de même son pesant d’information.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tema: El estado de la cuestión del Tíbet ha vuelto a plantearse con el recuerdo del 50 aniversario del levantamiento que llevó al Dalai Lama al exilio y que Pekín conmemora como inicio de una reforma democrática.

Resumen: Este análisis se propone, en primer lugar, revisar la situación de aparente estabilidad que se ha vivido en Tíbet y en las provincias vecinas con población tibetana en fechas cercanas al controvertido aniversario, normalidad que plantea algunas dudas. En segundo lugar, señala algunas características de las conversaciones que ha mantenido el Gobierno chino con los delegados del Dalai Lama recientemente, así como sus perspectivas futuras.…  Seguir leyendo »

Esta vez, el régimen chino no fue pillado por sorpresa. El cincuenta aniversario de la huida del Dalai Lama y el primero de los graves disturbios de marzo del pasado año cuando miles de tibetanos afearon la celebración olímpica haciéndole perder la cara a China ante el mundo, han sido contestados oficialmente con numerosas iniciativas, destacando una doble ofensiva. En primer lugar, reforzando el control de las fronteras tibetanas y en las áreas claves del Tíbet histórico (que incluye vastas áreas de las provincias de Qinghai, Gansu y Sichuan). En segundo lugar, impulsando una frenética actividad propagandística destinada a reivindicar no sólo la pertenencia a China de Tíbet sino el carácter profundamente democrático de la liberación promovida por el Ejército Rojo frente a la esclavitud vigente en la teocracia del Dalai Lama.…  Seguir leyendo »

The financial crisis is going to do more than increase unemployment, bankruptcy and homelessness. It is also likely to reshape international alignments, sometimes in ways that we would not expect.

As Western powers struggle with the huge scale of the measures needed to revive their economies, they have turned increasingly to China. Last month, for example, Gordon Brown, the British prime minister, asked China to give money to the International Monetary Fund, in return for which Beijing would expect an increase in its voting share.

Now there is speculation that a trade-off for this arrangement involved a major shift in the British position on Tibet, whose leading representatives in exile this weekend called on their leader, the Dalai Lama, to stop sending envoys to Beijing — bringing the faltering talks between China and the exiles to a standstill.…  Seguir leyendo »

In a video blog from Dharamsala in northern India, where last week 500 Tibetans gathered to discuss the future of the struggle, two members of the radical Students for a Free Tibet explained their position. It was perfectly possible, they said, to hold the Dalai Lama in deep respect while disagreeing with his policy. The spiritual leader's "middle way", they argued, had failed. History showed there was nothing to be gained by moderation in the face of Chinese intransigence.

The meeting closed with a strong condemnation of Chinese policies and a reaffirmation of the exiles' faith in the Dalai Lama. But the frustration of younger Tibetans, most of whom have never set foot in the land their parents and grandparents fled nearly 50 years ago, is increasingly evident.…  Seguir leyendo »

When I meet with the Dalai Lama today, I fully expect him to reaffirm his strong commitment to engaging Chinese officials in dialogue. President Bush has repeatedly expressed his own steadfast support for dialogue between the Dalai Lama and China's leadership. Meaningful dialogue presents the only viable way forward.

In March, demonstrations in Lhasa that began peacefully escalated into violence and quickly spread to other Tibetan areas of China. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has expressed deep concern regarding these events, has called on all sides to refrain from violence, and has strongly urged China to exercise restraint in dealing with the protesters and to respect the fundamental right of all people to peacefully express their religious and political views.…  Seguir leyendo »

El Tíbet saltó a las primeras páginas de la prensa mundial el mes pasado, cuando algunos tibetanos atacaron a personas de etnias han y hui y sus bienes. No cabe duda de que los primeros en emplear la fuerza eran tibetanos. Los incidentes han puesto de relieve que China tiene un problema en la Región Autónoma del Tíbet. Las varias tandas de negociación entre Pekín y representantes del dalái lama no han dado hasta ahora fruto positivo.

Aunque existen versiones distintas de la historia, es indudable que desde el siglo XIII, en que tanto China como Tíbet fueron conquistados por los kanes mongoles, han existido lazos entre ambos, más o menos fuertes en diversos momentos históricos.…  Seguir leyendo »

¿Están condenados los tibetanos a sufrir la misma suerte que los indios estadounidenses? ¿Acabarán siendo poco más que una atracción turística, vendiendo recuerdos baratos de una cultura que alguna vez fue grande? Ese triste destino parece cada vez más probable y el año olímpico ya se ha visto opacado por los esfuerzos del Gobierno chino para reprimir la oposición a que llegue.

El destino de Tíbet no es simplemente cuestión de la opresión semicolonial. A menudo se olvida que muchos tibetanos, especialmente las personas educadas de las ciudades grandes, estaban tan ansiosos de modernizar su sociedad a mediados del siglo XX que vieron a los chinos comunistas como sus aliados en la lucha contra el gobierno de los monjes y los terratenientes.…  Seguir leyendo »

For many Tibetans, the case for the historical independence of their land is unequivocal. They assert that Tibet has always been and by rights now ought to be an independent country. China’s assertions are equally unequivocal: Tibet became a part of China during Mongol rule and its status as a part of China has never changed. Both of these assertions are at odds with Tibet’s history.

The Tibetan view holds that Tibet was never subject to foreign rule after it emerged in the mid-seventh century as a dynamic power holding sway over an Inner Asian empire. These Tibetans say the appearance of subjugation to the Mongol rulers of the Yuan Dynasty in the 13th and 14th centuries, and to the Manchu rulers of China’s Qing Dynasty from the 18th century until the 20th century, is due to a modern, largely Western misunderstanding of the personal relations among the Yuan and Qing emperors and the pre-eminent lamas of Tibet.…  Seguir leyendo »

Many sympathetic Westerners view Chinese society along the lines of what they saw in the waning days of the Soviet Union: a repressive government backed by old hard-liners losing its grip to a new generation of well-educated, liberal-leaning sophisticates. As pleasant as this outlook may be, it’s naïve. Educated young Chinese, far from being embarrassed or upset by their government’s human-rights record, rank among the most patriotic, establishment-supporting people you’ll meet.

As is clear to anyone who lives here, most young ethnic Chinese strongly support their government’s suppression of the recent Tibetan uprising. One Chinese friend who has a degree from a European university described the conflict to me as “a clash between the commercial world and an old aboriginal society.”…  Seguir leyendo »

There is never any shortage of public relations advisers willing to take on unpromising clients, especially those with deep pockets. Reports that the Chinese government has called for bids from foreign PR companies indicate that Beijing, at some level, understands that its own attempts to mould world opinion have tanked. But if the exercise is to have any success, the client does, occasionally, need to take the advice. It would not be an easy account to manage.

On the day that the Olympic torch - or, as Beijing calls it, "the sacred flame" - went into hiding in a San Francisco warehouse, Beijing's second in command in Tibet, Qiangba Puncog, held a press conference.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Dalai Lama has been called many things in his time. Rupert Murdoch once described him as "a very political old monk shuffling around in Gucci shoes", while CNN's Larry King mistakenly identified the political and spiritual leader of the Tibetan people as a prominent Muslim activist. However, until last week, nobody had ever called him a terrorist.

It was the Chinese government, inevitably, which levelled the accusation. According to Beijing, the recent violence in Tibet was orchestrated by the Dalai Lama in collusion with Uighur militants from Xinjiang, who were themselves plotting a terrorist atrocity at the Olympics. This was the second time in a fortnight that China had accused separatists from Xinjiang of posing a threat to the Games.…  Seguir leyendo »

The world has watched in horror recently as Tibetan monks, nuns and laypeople engaged in peaceful demonstrations have been met with brutality by the Chinese People's Armed Police. Tibet's descent into chaos and violence is heartbreaking. As has been made clear by His Holiness the Dalai Lama, who has dedicated his life to peacefully promoting the Tibetan people's legitimate aspirations for cultural autonomy and survival, lasting peace and meaningful change must be achieved through nonviolent means.

In watching recent coverage of the demonstrations in Tibet and their bloody aftermath, I have been reminded of a turning point in my own life, the moment I decided I had no choice but to speak out against the Chinese government's policy of cultural destruction and its human rights abuses.…  Seguir leyendo »

Es difícil encontrar un occidental que intuitivamente no apoye la idea de un Tíbet libre. Ahora bien, ¿acaso los norteamericanos dejarían que se les separaran Texas o California? En el caso de China, el juego de altos vuelos que se trajeron ingleses y rusos por el control del Asia central no concluyó ayuno de consecuencias ni de resultados, cosa que no puede decirse de Rusia o Gran Bretaña. De hecho, la gran ganadora de ese juego fue China.

Los acuerdos sobre fronteras de 1895 y 1907 dejaron en manos de Rusia el macizo de Pamir y establecieron el Pasillo de Vaján, la estrecha franja oriental de Afganistán fronteriza con China, para que hiciera de parachoques con Gran Bretaña.…  Seguir leyendo »

It is difficult to find a westerner who does not intuitively support the idea of a free Tibet. But would Americans ever let go of Texas or California? For China, the Anglo-Russian great game for control of central Asia was neither inconclusive nor fruitless, something that cannot be said for Russia or Britain. Indeed, China was the big winner.

Boundary agreements in 1895 and 1907 gave Russia the Pamir mountains and established the Wakhan Corridor - the slender eastern tongue of Afghanistan that borders China - as a buffer to Britain. But rather than cede East Turkestan (Uighurstan) to the Russians, the British financed China's recapture of the territory, which it organised into Xinjiang (which means "New Dominions").…  Seguir leyendo »

La trágica convulsión del Tíbet era previsible, y probablemente inevitable, como protesta anticipada por los Juegos Olímpicos de Pekín, un acontecimiento que desde hace mucho tiempo se configura como arma política y propagandística por los anfitriones y por los que protestan y/o se escandalizan por su celebración en un país poco respetuoso con el espíritu olímpico y los valores de la democracia. Tan pronto como China decidió que la antorcha, símbolo universal de los JJOO, visitara Taiwán y el Tíbet, las fuerzas secesionistas de ambos territorios pusieron el grito en el cielo.

La represión arreció a medida que se aproximaban los Juegos, como reveló un informe de Amnistía Internacional, de abril del 2007, mientras Pekín condenaba, como es habitual en las dictaduras, la politización del evento con el objetivo de "perjudicar la imagen de China y ejercer presión sobre su Gobierno".…  Seguir leyendo »