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De acuerdo con el informe Global Trends 2030 del Consejo Nacional de Inteligencia de EEUU, de continuar las actuales tendencias, Asia puede sobrepasar a América del Norte y a Europa en poder global en no mucho tiempo. Tendrá más Producto Interior Bruto, más población, más gasto militar y más inversión en tecnología. En este contexto geopolítico, Europa y Estados Unidos se necesitan mutuamente y la cooperación entre ambos lados del Atlántico es clave.

Esa parece ser la apuesta que lanzó Hillary Clinton en el oportuno discurso que ofreció en la Brookings Institution sobre las relaciones de Estados Unidos con Europa. Consciente del trasvase de poder mundial y gracias a las nuevas perspectivas que ofrece la posible autosuficiencia energética, consecuencia de la explotación de hidrocarburos no convencionales; EEUU trata de adaptar su política exterior al nuevo orden multipolar y global.…  Seguir leyendo »

South Florida is an important market for Chile. In 2011, Chile was positioned as Miami’s eighth commercial partner. However, we want to grow that relationship by 2015, when 100 percent of trade between Chile and the United States will be tax free. Miami would benefit from this.

In 2011, total trade between Chile and Miami reached $4.6 billion. We’re expanding our exportable offerings so that we can please the market and gain the place we strive for as a trade partner. Currently, the main food products exported to Florida are seafood, fresh fruit, wine, juice and chicken, respectively. However, in the United States, Chilean supply is diversified with all kinds of fresh fruit, salmon filets, wine, poultry and cattle, olive oil, powdered milk, olives, pisco, etc.…  Seguir leyendo »

Late last week, a longstanding debate over free-trade agreements with South Korea, Colombia and Panama — deals that were negotiated under President George W. Bush but never finalized — stalled once again. President Obama supports the agreements, but only if more retraining for workers is part of the deal, a condition Republican leaders are resisting.

Both sides claim to advance the trade agenda, but they are fighting over fairly minor points. Neither side shows the slightest interest in reinvigorating the nearly 10-year-old Doha round of global trade negotiations, which have far greater potential to create prosperity and help working Americans.

Bilateral trade agreements are not the same as free trade.…  Seguir leyendo »

It has been four years since the United States and Colombia signed a reciprocal trade agreement. Unfortunately, the agreement has yet to be implemented. In June 2007, then-President George W. Bush sent the agreement to Congress but the Democratic majority in the House refused to vote on it. The new Republican Majority in the House must ensure a vote on this agreement, as it will create U.S. jobs and make good on a promise to an important ally.

Passing the agreement would create U.S. jobs by eliminating tariffs on U.S. exports to Colombia. Tariff elimination would enable U.S. exporters to compete on a level playing field with exporters from countries such as Canada and those in the European Union whose products already enter Colombia duty-free because of their existing trade agreements.…  Seguir leyendo »

The appointment of Bill Daley, who led the Clinton administration's successful campaign to ratify NAFTA, puts an unabashed advocate of free trade with Latin America in the position of White House chief of staff. Unfortunately, it is not clear that the Obama administration also has one in the Oval Office.

President Obama professed to be such an advocate in last year's State of the Union address. "If America sits on the sidelines while other nations sign trade deals, we will lose the chance to create jobs on our shores," he declared. Promising to double U.S. exports by 2015 through a "National Export Initiative," Obama pledged that "we will strengthen our trade relations .…  Seguir leyendo »

Ten years ago this fall the Senate sold out American manufacturing. By a vote of 83 to 15, it established so-called permanent normal trade relations with China, paving the way for that country to join the World Trade Organization. As a result, Chinese imports to the United States fell under the same low tariffs and high quotas as those from countries like Canada and Britain.

Today, though, our trade relations with China are anything but normal. The 2000 agreement’s proponents insisted it would enable a billion Chinese consumers to buy American products. Instead, our bilateral trade deficit has increased 170 percent, largely because China has undermined free-market competition through illegal subsidies and currency manipulation.…  Seguir leyendo »

The trade figures from the Commerce Department this week aren’t pretty: despite anemic economic growth, so far this year America’s trade deficit has hit $289 billion, compared with $204 billion for the same period in 2009.

For many people, the trade deficit seems unrelated to the nation’s continued economic crisis. But it is actually a central reason why American growth has lagged and President Obama’s stimulus hasn’t led to a robust recovery: since February 2009, the government has injected $512 billion into the American economy, but during roughly the same period, the trade deficit leaked about $602 billion out of it and into foreign markets.…  Seguir leyendo »

The U.S. government and the business community need to rethink our China strategy and retool our trade bureaucracy to face the tangled web of emerging Chinese policies. Otherwise, American technology companies could be coerced to plant the seeds of their destruction in the fertile China market.

With nearly half of his Cabinet heading to Beijing for the May 24-25 bilateral "strategic and economic dialogue," President Obama should launch such a strategic economic dialogue among ourselves. The time has come for a White House-led, public-private, comprehensive examination of American competitiveness against a clear-eyed view of China's very smart and comprehensive industrial development policies and plans.…  Seguir leyendo »

As if he needed another policy concern to distract him from the health care debate, President Obama now finds himself embroiled in a quarrel with China over his imposition of a steep tariff on automobile tires from that country that is to take effect this week. The Chinese have responded by threatening to impose higher tariffs on American chicken. This may seem like a petty dispute, but the controversy could endanger the global economic recovery if the underlying issue — the rise in protectionism —is not resolved quickly and forcefully. Perhaps Washington has justification for increasing tariffs in this particular case, but in general it sets a bad precedent.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tema:[1] Los candidatos a las elecciones presidenciales norteamericanas Barack Obama y John McCain han adoptado posiciones totalmente distintas en la importante cuestión del comercio internacional.

Resumen: Durante la campaña electoral y en su historial de votaciones en el Senado, los candidatos a la presidencia de EEUU, Barack Obama y John McCain, han adoptado posiciones muy distintas en la importante cuestión del comercio internacional. McCain, senador republicano por Arizona en cuatro legislaturas, se ha descrito a sí mismo sin ambages como un defensor del libre comercio. Obama, senador en su primera legislatura del Partido Demócrata por Illinois, es mucho más cauteloso a la hora de valorar la importancia del comercio, reconociendo sus beneficios de forma abstracta pero oponiéndose a la mayoría de los acuerdos comerciales en la práctica.…  Seguir leyendo »

Obsessed with rankings, Americans are bound to see the Beijing Olympics as a metaphor for a larger and more troubling question. Will China overtake the United States as the world's biggest economy? Well, stop worrying. It almost certainly will.

China's economy is now only a fourth the size of the $14 trillion U.S. economy, but given plausible growth rates in both countries, China's output will exceed America's in the 2020s, Goldman Sachs forecasts. But this is the wrong worry. By itself, a richer China does not make America poorer. Indeed, because there are so many more Chinese than Americans, average Chinese living standards may lag behind ours indefinitely.…  Seguir leyendo »

Last Sept. 27, 16-year-old Andres Damian Florez Rodriguez was on his way home from school when he was forced into a van by three armed men. Andres is the son of Jose Domingo Florez, a leader of the Coca-Cola bottling union in Santander. The assailants drove along, beating the boy while they received radio instructions. Then they gave him a message to convey: "Tell your papa that we won't rest until we see [the union leaders] quartered in pieces."

On March 22, Adolfo Gonzalez Montes, a member of the Barrancas local Union of Coal Miners, was found dead in his home, tortured and shot, after his union received death threats during a union conflict.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Tom Daschle, a former Democratic senator from South Dakota, is special policy adviser at the Washington law firm Alston & Bird (THE WASHINGTON POST, 26/06/07):

Under an agreement Congress and the administration made last month, free-trade accords with Peru and Panama moved forward. They are far from done, however. Congress should pass these modified agreements, which solidify our access to key countries and whose enforceable labor and environmental standards would set an important precedent for future trade agreements. Congress should also enact the Colombia free-trade agreement after setting enforceable benchmarks for Colombia to improve its record on human rights.…  Seguir leyendo »

By John Curtis Perry, the director of the maritime studies program at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, Scott Borgerson, a recent graduate and Rockford Weitz, a Ph.D. candidate there (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 02/01/07):

IN October President Bush signed the Safe Port Act, authorizing an investment of $6.7 billion to tighten security at American ports. This is a vitally important and overdue step. But it ignores another major problem in maritime commerce: the phenomenal decline of American shipping.

While it’s true that the United States Navy still dominates the world ocean — its total tonnage equals the combined tonnage of the next 17 smaller navies — American commercial shipping is but a puny remnant of its former self.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Denis McDonough, senior fellow, and Peter Ogden, program coordinator for National Security and International Policy, work on energy security issues at the Center for American Progress (THE WASHINGTON POST, 19/12/06):

When Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson traveled to China last week for a meeting of the newly formed U.S-China Strategic Economic Dialogue, he brought with him an entourage that included much of President Bush's cabinet, as well as the chairman of the Federal Reserve. The delegation's high profile reflected the high stakes of the trip: with a new Congress poised to consider such measures as increasing the tariff on Chinese goods by 27 percent, Paulson needed to make clear progress toward resolving some of the tough issues plaguing the U.S.-Sino…  Seguir leyendo »

By Henry M. Paulson, secretary of the Treasury of the United States (THE WASHINGTON POST, 11/12/06):

My highest priority as Treasury secretary is the long-term strength and competitiveness of the U.S. economy. Managing our economic relationship with China to ensure both nations benefit is vital to our nation's future prosperity. A market-based economy in China, with sustainable economic growth and full participation in rules-based international trade, is in our best interest -- and in the interest of the Chinese people.

Since 1980 China's share of the world economy has more than quadrupled. The United States and China now account for almost half of global economic growth.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Daniel W. Drezner, an associate professor of International Politics at The Fletcher School at Tufts University. This essay is extracted from U.S. Trade Strategy: Free Versus Fair, published by the Council on Foreign Relations (THE WASHINGTON POST, 15/09/06):

trade is vital to the U.S. economy. In 1970, the sum of imports and exports was less than 12 percent of gross domestic product. By 2004, that figure had doubled to 24 percent. U.S. exports accounted for approximately 25 percent of economic growth during the 1990s, supporting an estimated 12 million jobs. From agriculture to manufacturing to technology to services, the U.S.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Diego Sánchez Ancochea, profesor titular en Economía de América Latina, Universidad de Londres (REAL INSTITUTO ELCANO, 12/07/06):

Tema: Este artículo evalúa la política comercial y de cooperación de EEUU en Centroamérica, concentrándose en el impacto del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Centroamérica, la República Dominicana y EEUU (DR-CAFTA) y de la Cuenta para el Desafío del Milenio sobre el desarrollo económico de la región.

Resumen: La experiencia centroamericana resulta interesante para evaluar los elementos básicos de la política norteamericana de comercio y de cooperación y desarrollo basada en el fomento de Tratados de Libre Comercio y en el aumento de la ayuda a aquellos países que cumplan con ciertos requisitos.…  Seguir leyendo »