The New York Times

Este archivo solo abarca los artículos del periódico incoporados a este sitio a partir del 1 de mayo de 2007.

My First Yom Kippur in Exile

This is my first Yom Kippur in exile.

The crisp Moscow autumn air; the illuminated synagogue which I called home for 30 years; my white hat and kittel, the robe Jews wear on the High Holy Days, folded up, in my apartment that now sits locked — it all seems like a dream.

As the chief rabbi of Moscow, I used to prepare for this holiday for weeks. Some of the work was technical — securing cantors and shofar blowers for synagogues across Russia, or guiding the sick on whether or not they should fast on the holy day. Some of the preparation was more lofty: I would prepare my sermon thoughts while walking daily for early morning penitential prayers, past the bustling cafes on Pokrovka Street, down the hill on Arkhipova Street, up the stairs to the pale yellow synagogue, with its dome.…  Seguir leyendo »

Putin Just Told Us What He’s Planning

Vladimir Putin’s speech on Friday, in which he formally proclaimed the annexation of four Ukrainian regions, was many things: a distorted history lecture, a rather tedious enumeration of supposed Western sins, an airing of grievances and a vaunting of power. For all the rhetorical flourish — accusing Western elites of “Satanism”, for example — it was in many ways a typical address from Mr. Putin.

But it was also something else: a plan. Amid the bluster and veiled threats, the president made three distinct points that, taken together, form a blueprint for war and peace.

First, Mr. Putin claimed in his speech that this week’s explosions at the Nord Stream gas pipelines were the work of the United States.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un hombre en Río de Janeiro lleva una camiseta con el rostro de Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, quien busca de nuevo la presidencia de Brasil. Silvia Izquierdo/Associated Press

“Si Dios quiere, seguiré”, dijo Jair Bolsonaro a mediados de septiembre. “Si no, me quitaré la banda presidencial y me retiraré”.

Parece demasiado bueno para ser verdad. Después de todo, Bolsonaro ha pasado buena parte de este año sembrando dudas sobre el proceso electoral y al parecer preparando el terreno para rechazar los resultados. El ejército, de manera ominosa, quiere llevar a cabo un recuento paralelo de los votos. La amenaza se respira en el aire: el 67 por ciento de los brasileños temen que haya violencia política y puede que algunos no se arriesguen a ir a votar (algo muy importante en un país donde es obligatorio votar).…  Seguir leyendo »

La pregunta más importante sobre la adicción

A pesar de que las muertes por sobredosis vayan en aumento, hay algunas buenas noticias importantes relativas al abuso de los opioides. Las tasas de consumo no médico entre los estudiantes preuniversitarios han disminuido en cerca del 83 por ciento desde 2002, cuando el 14 por ciento declaraba haber intentado alguna vez drogarse con analgésicos recetados. En 2021, ese porcentaje se había reducido al 2 por ciento. El consumo de heroína también presenta un acusado descenso: en 2021, solo el 0,4 por ciento de los estudiantes preuniversitarios declaraba haberla probado.

Esto es especialmente una buena noticia porque el consumo entre los adolescentes es un excelente predictor del rumbo de una epidemia de drogas: la inmensa mayoría de las adicciones comienzan en los últimos años de la adolescencia o en los primeros de la edad adulta.…  Seguir leyendo »

Why China’s Crimes in Xinjiang Cannot Go Unpunished

For years, China denied committing human rights violations in Xinjiang, denounced its accusers and tried to block a United Nations investigation. Now we know why.

The U.N.’s long-delayed findings, released late last month, confirmed the most chilling allegations by ethnic Uyghurs: systematic mass internment, disappearances, torture, cultural and religious erasure and political indoctrination of Uyghurs and other Turkic minorities.

The U.N.’s human right office, which compiled the report, said these allegations may amount to crimes against humanity, the most severe violations, along with genocide and war crimes, under international law. Despite China’s long record of documented human rights abuses, this was the first time it faced such grave accusations from the United Nations.…  Seguir leyendo »

A man in a shirt with the image of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who is seeking to regain Brazil’s presidency, in Rio de Janeiro on Sunday. Silvia Izquierdo/Associated Press

“If it’s God’s will, I will continue”, Jair Bolsonaro said in mid-September. “If it’s not, I’ll take off the presidential sash and I will retire”.

It feels too good to be true. After all, Mr. Bolsonaro has spent much of the year casting doubt on the electoral process and seemingly preparing the ground to reject the results. The military, ominously, wants to conduct a parallel counting of the votes. Menace hangs in the air: 67 percent of Brazilians fear political violence, and some may not risk voting at all (a big deal in a country where voting is mandatory). Talk of a coup is everywhere.…  Seguir leyendo »

Reclutas rusos asisten a una ceremonia de despedida en Batáisk, Rusia, el lunes. Arkady Budnitsky/EPA vía Shutterstock

“Hola, mi esposa está embarazada y tengo una hipoteca. Mi mujer siente pánico y yo no tengo dinero para ir al extranjero. ¿Cómo puedo escapar del reclutamiento?”.

Ese es un mensaje que recibimos en Helpdesk.media, un sitio web que algunos periodistas creamos en junio para ayudar a las personas —con información, asesoramiento jurídico y apoyo psicológico— afectadas por las acciones del gobierno ruso. Tras cumplir el servicio militar obligatorio hace siete años, el emisor estaba siendo reclutado para luchar en la guerra contra Ucrania. Al gobierno ruso no le interesaba saber quién pagaría la hipoteca o cuidaría de su mujer embarazada.…  Seguir leyendo »

A memorial for Mahsa Amini, the 22-year-old Iranian woman who died after Iran’s morality police detained her for wearing her hijab in an “improper” way. Anushree Fadnavis/Reuters

Growing up in southern Iran and Southern California, I had the pleasure of having a father who loved to tell stories about his childhood in Iran. Most of his stories were funny, but there was one that always brought him to the brink of tears.

Of course, he never cried; he always changed the subject right at the breaking point. It was the story of his oldest sister, Sedigeh, the smartest sibling in their large family. Because she was a girl, she was married at 16, which was not unusual for Iranian society in the 1930s. Despite her intellectual curiosity, she never had a chance to finish school.…  Seguir leyendo »

Conscripted Russian men attending a farewell ceremony in Bataysk, Russia, on Monday. Arkady Budnitsky/EPA, via Shutterstock

“Hello, I have a pregnant wife and a mortgage. My wife is panicking, and I have no money to go abroad. How can I escape the draft?”

This is a message we received at Helpdesk.media, a website I and other journalists set up in June to help people — with information, legal advice and psychological support — affected by the actions of the Russian government. The writer, after completing his mandatory military service seven years ago, was being drafted into the war in Ukraine. The Russian government was not interested in who will pay the mortgage or take care of his pregnant wife.…  Seguir leyendo »

A rally organized by the major right-wing parties, in Rome this month. Franco Origlia/Getty Images

It happened here, again. Nearly 100 years since the March on Rome, Italy on Sunday voted in a right-wing coalition headed by a party directly descended from Benito Mussolini’s fascist regime.

This is, to put it mildly, concerning. Yet the most pervasive worry is not that Giorgia Meloni’s Brothers of Italy party will reinstitute fascism in Italy — whatever that would mean. It’s that a government led by her will transform Italy into an “electoral autocracy”, along the lines of Viktor Orban’s Hungary. During the campaign, the center-left Democratic Party — Brothers of Italy’s main opponent — obsessively invoked Hungary as Italy’s destiny under Ms.…  Seguir leyendo »

No necesito que mi vida sea extraordinaria

Hace muchos años, antes de que tuviésemos hijos, una vieja amiga de la familia que era psicoterapeuta le dio un amable consejo a mi pareja, Ian, que estaba preocupado dándole vueltas a su futuro tras su salida prematura del Cuerpo de Paz: no quieras que todos los momentos sean de 10 sobre 10, le dijo. A veces tienes que celebrar los que son de cuatro, de cinco o de seis.

Cuando me lo contó Ian, nos reímos. Nos hacía sentir conformistas, o directamente unos fracasados, no aspirar a algo mejor. Hasta entonces siempre habíamos puesto la mirada más allá de donde estuviésemos, en otros tiempos más prometedores.…  Seguir leyendo »

Protesters outside the governor’s mansion La Fortaleza in San Juan, Puerto Rico in July. Ricardo Arduengo/Reuters

Hurricane Fiona made landfall on Sunday morning. By 1 p.m. the entire island had been plunged into darkness. Days later, roughly a million homes and businesses in Puerto Rico still lacked power and access to clean water, my own home included. As I sit in a cafe and write, I am overwhelmed by the feeling of déjà vu.

LUMA Energy began supplying power to Puerto Rico after the government privatized what had been a public service in June 2021. It was hired in part to help fix our fragile power grid. But LUMA has not done the job it was contracted to do, including investing in green energy.…  Seguir leyendo »

A mural in a police station in Kupiansk, Ukraine, depicts a Russian soldier and a woman holding a Soviet flag. Nicole Tung for The New York Times

Starting this weekend, people in four occupied regions of Ukraine will “vote” on whether to join Russia. For many people, including my aunt and uncle, in Donetsk, what that really means is they will be forcibly absorbed into a country they do not want to be a part of.

Donetsk and Luhansk, collectively known as the Donbas, in eastern Ukraine, and Kherson and Zaporizhzhia, in the south, are all at least partly occupied by Russia. The point of holding referendums in these places is to lend an air — however thin — of legitimacy to their annexation. Though of course, when Vladimir Putin, president of Russia, declared Russia’s support for the referendums, which had been announced earlier this week, he talked about “liberation”.…  Seguir leyendo »

The office of Al-Haq, a human rights organization in the West Bank city of Ramallah. Nasser Nasser/Associated Press

Just after 3 a.m. on Aug. 18, Israeli soldiers blasted open the locked doors of Al-Haq, the oldest and largest human rights organization in the occupied Palestinian territories, for which I serve as general director. The soldiers ransacked the administrative and finance departments, the meeting room and my office. When they were done, the soldiers sealed the offices with a reinforced iron door welded into place. On the door, they posted a military order declaring that Al-Haq is an illegal group.

A few hours later, as I took in what was happening, my phone started beeping with messages that soldiers had also invaded and sealed off the offices of six other leading Palestinian organizations, including Defense for Children International-Palestine, the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees, the Bisan Center for Research and Development and Addameer Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association.…  Seguir leyendo »

What We Will Miss Most About Roger Federer

Queen Elizabeth II was buried on Monday, and London is now the scene of another poignant farewell: Roger Federer will retire after the Laver Cup, a team competition being held there this weekend.

Federer, 41, had presumably hoped to put in one more appearance at Wimbledon, which he won a record eight times. But after multiple knee operations, his body is no longer up to the rigors of a Grand Slam tournament, so the Swiss-born Federer will instead end his career on the other side of London, at the 02 Arena, which is hosting the Laver Cup. Federer will play his final match on Friday, pairing up with his longtime rival and friend Rafael Nadal in doubles.…  Seguir leyendo »

Putin Is in Trouble

In the wake of a stunning counteroffensive in which Ukrainian forces reclaimed over 1,000 miles of territory, Russia is uneasy.

The country’s political talk shows, usually so deferential, have given the floor to more critical voices. Opponents of the war have weighed in — about 40 officials from municipal councils signed a petition requesting the president’s resignation — and previously loyal figures have begun to mutter about the regime’s failings. In a sign of general discontent, Alla Pugacheva, Russia’s most famous 20th-century pop star, has come out against the war. Six months of consensus has started to crack.

That consensus wasn’t as cast-iron as it might have seemed.…  Seguir leyendo »

El fascinante misterio de las matemáticas

De niño, en las primeras semanas de la clase de álgebra, me sentía confundido y luego me sentí como adormecido. Los adolescentes ordenan el mundo a partir de fragmentos de información. A su manera, la adolescencia es una especie de álgebra.

Las incógnitas se pueden determinar, pero hacerlo requiere una aptitud especial, sin mencionar que es necesario sentirse cómodo con la información que queda oculta. Se requiere un pensamiento lógico y directo, y la voluntad de seguir las reglas, que no son capacidades adolescentes distribuidas por igual.

Cuando pensaba en las matemáticas cuando era un chico era para especular sobre por qué me obligaban a aprenderlas, parecía obvio que no se necesitaban en la vida adulta.…  Seguir leyendo »

To Really Understand the Ocean, We Need to Go Back in Time

Not that long ago the world’s oceans were viewed as too gargantuan for humans to influence. This view was voiced most notably in 1883 by the English biologist Thomas Huxley, who in his inaugural address to the International Fisheries Exhibition in London asserted that “all the great sea fisheries are inexhaustible”.

Nowadays, such naïveté seems inconceivable. We’re witnessing rampant overfishing and the decline in size of commercially important fish; rising water temperatures and even “marine heat waves” that are throwing ecosystems into disarray and driving fish and crustacean stocks to the relief of deeper water and toward the poles; acidity that is challenging the ability of sea creatures to form shells; lessening oxygen levels and “dead zones”; contamination from oil spills — a gloomy totality that has come to be known as the “Aquacalypse”.…  Seguir leyendo »

La ‘renuncia silenciosa’ no es la solución

Este verano, se habló mucho de la “renuncia silenciosa”, que, en esencia, se refiere a hacer lo mínimo necesario en el trabajo. Y quizá eso no sorprenda a nadie: después de más de dos años de incertidumbre pandémica, los niveles de estrés de los trabajadores están a tope en todo momento y ahora la gente sigue languideciendo. Cuando estás agotado y saturado, sientes que se pierde algo de algún modo y, para muchos, pareciera que lo que se pierde es la búsqueda de la excelencia laboral.

Pero ¿la respuesta es dejar de echarle ganas? Yo diría que no. Como escritora que aborda el tema de la gestión del tiempo, me he dado cuenta de que lo opuesto al agotamiento no es no hacer nada, ni siquiera es hacer menos.…  Seguir leyendo »

El sistema migratorio de EE. UU. es obsoleto. Está claro

Desde abril, el gobernador de Texas, Greg Abbott, ha enviado en autobús a más de 7900 migrantes a Washington D. C. En agosto, comenzó a enviar migrantes a Nueva York. Ahora, el gobernador de Florida, Ron DeSantis, se está sumando, y envió dos aviones llenos de personas que llegaron a Estados Unidos a Martha’s Vineyard, en Massachusetts. Al referirse al tema, Abbott pone en evidencia a los gobernadores de los estados demócratas que dicen dar la bienvenida a los migrantes indocumentados. También es parte de un plan republicano no tan secreto para incitar la ira contra los demócratas antes de las elecciones intermedias.…  Seguir leyendo »