The New York Times

Este archivo solo abarca los artículos del periódico incorporados a este sitio a partir del 1 de diciembre de 2006.

Nota informativa: The New York Times es un periódico publicado en la ciudad de Nueva York (EE.UU.) y fundado en 1851. Tiene implementado un «muro de pago» por lo que es necesario suscribirse para tener acceso a todos sus contenidos a excepción de su sección en español que es de acceso libre. Más información en su página de suscripción.

The Story of South Africa No Longer Makes Sense

The ceremony went virtually unnoticed. On an overcast April day in South Africa’s administrative capital, Pretoria, President Cyril Ramaphosa delivered a lackluster speech commemorating the end of white-minority rule in South Africa. When Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as the country’s first Black president, the skies were sunny with hope. Thirty years later, Mr. Ramaphosa’s enervated display against a gloomy backdrop was symbolic of decline. The African National Congress, Mr. Ramaphosa’s party, has been politically dominant since the country’s first democratic vote in 1994. In the general elections on Wednesday, it may lose its parliamentary majority for the first time.

This is uncharted territory.…  Seguir leyendo »

I’m an Indian Muslim, and I’m Scared to Say So

I used to answer the phone with “Salam”. Not anymore. I don’t want people to know I’m a Muslim.

There is little that would identify me as Muslim to begin with, aside from my name. I don’t wear a skullcap, and in public I avoid wearing the loosefitting Pathani kurta and peppering my speech with Urdu words, all of which are identity markers for Indian Muslims. But in the India of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, you can’t take any chances.

For 10 years, Mr. Modi’s Hindu-chauvinist government has vilified the nation’s 200 million Muslims as dangerous undesirables. Recently, he took that rhetoric to a new low during the six weeks of voting in India’s national elections — which are widely expected to win him a third consecutive five-year term — directly referring to Muslims as “infiltrators” in a country that he and his followers seek to turn into a pure Hindu state.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un cráter gigante en Siberia revela el pasado de Rusia

A medida que el mundo se calienta, el permafrost se está descongelando en dos tercios de Rusia, amenazando ciudades y pueblos que se construyeron para albergar a mineros enviados a excavar un tesoro subterráneo de petróleo, gas, oro y diamantes. Incluso las carreteras se están doblando, agrietando y derrumbando, como en un terremoto a cámara lenta. Y en las afueras de Batagay, una pequeña ciudad del interior de Siberia, se está abriendo rápidamente un cráter que los habitantes locales conocen como la puerta del inframundo.

Desde el espacio, se asemeja a un pez raya impreso en el bosque de coníferas. El cráter de Batagaika, que ya tiene más de un kilómetro de profundidad y unos 1.000 metros de anchura, crece a medida que se derrite el suelo bajo él.…  Seguir leyendo »

Si estás llevando la cuenta, seguramente te habrás dado cuenta de que los dos funcionarios de defensa más importantes del gabinete de guerra de Benjamín Netanyahu —el ministro de Defensa, Yoav Gallant, y el antiguo jefe del Estado Mayor Militar Benny Gantz— advirtieron la semana pasada que Netanyahu está llevando a Israel a un abismo desastroso al negarse a presentar algún plan para que los palestinos no pertenecientes a Hamás gobiernen Gaza y, en cambio, parece estar contemplando una ocupación militar israelí de Gaza a largo plazo. Gantz dijo que abandonaría el gobierno si no había un plan para el 8 de junio.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Death of Iran’s President Could Change the World

The uncertainty ushered in by the death of Iran’s president, Ebrahim Raisi, in a helicopter crash, just weeks after an unprecedented exchange of military attacks with Israel, has brought a chilling question to mind: Is 2024 the year that Iran finally decides it can no longer take chances with its security and races to build a nuclear bomb?

Up to now, for reasons experts often debate, Iran has never made the decision to build a nuclear weapon, despite having at least most of the resources and capabilities it needs to do so, as far as we know. But Mr. Raisi’s death has created an opportunity for the hard-liners in the country who are far less allergic to the idea of going nuclear than the regime has been for decades.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Giant Crater in Siberia Is Belching Up Russia’s Past

As the world warms, permafrost is thawing across two-thirds of Russia, threatening cities and towns that were constructed to house miners sent to dig up a subterranean trove of oil, gas, gold and diamonds. Even the roads are buckling, cracking and collapsing, as if in a slow-motion earthquake. And outside a small town called Batagay, deep in the Siberian hinterland, a crater is rapidly opening up — known to local residents as the gateway to the underworld.

From space, it resembles a stingray impressed on the coniferous forest. Already more than half a mile deep and about 3,000 feet wide, the Batagaika crater is growing as the ground beneath it melts.…  Seguir leyendo »

A local health worker in Kandahar, Afghanistan, marked a girl’s finger to show she had received a polio vaccine. Jim Huylebroek for The New York Times

The fight to eradicate polio has been long and difficult. It’s been nearly 50 years since vaccines eliminated the disease in the United States. But polio continues to this day disabling or killing children in some harder to reach parts of the world. The good news is that we are now on the cusp of eradicating this terrible disease everywhere and forever.

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a consortium of major players in the fight — the Gates Foundation, Rotary International, the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. The group has the ambitious aim to end transmission of the virus that causes the disease, wild poliovirus, by the end of the year in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the two countries where it is still actively infecting humans.…  Seguir leyendo »

Irán empieza la semana sin presidente ni ministro de Exteriores luego de que, el domingo, el helicóptero en el que viajaban se estrelló el domingo y murieron todos los pasajeros a bordo. Ebrahim Raisi, de 63 años, era la segunda figura con más poder en la república islámica, después del ayatolá Alí Jamenei, supremo líder político y religioso del país, y su posible sucesor. Raisi, un clérigo conservador que fue juez supremo, asumió la presidencia en 2021 y expandió el papel regional de Irán, apoyando y armando aliados en el Medio Oriente, equipando a Rusia y estrechando vínculos con Arabia Saudita. A nivel interno, fue responsable de la represión contra las protestas ciudadanas en las que fallecieron mujeres y jóvenes. Los analistas lo consideraban “un fiel ejecutor de las políticas de Jamenei” y responsable del ascenso de la Guardia Revolucionaria Islámica. Irán ahora enfrenta un doble dilema de sucesión, pues Jamenei tiene 85 y está débil. El líder supremo de Irán es elegido por la Asamblea de Expertos, un grupo de religiosos que opera con opacidad y que ahora podría escoger a Mojtabai Jamenei, hijo del actual ayatolá. Por otro lado, la presidencia será asumida de manera interina por Mohammad Mokhber, primer vicepresidente del gobierno, mientras se realizan nuevas elecciones en el verano. Jamenei declaró que la labor gubernamental no se afectará. Y los expertos concuerdan en que, en general, son escasas las posibilidades de que cambie el rumbo del país a pesar de la actual circunstancia, según escribió Steven Erlanger, reportero del Times que cubrió la revolución de 1978-1979: Dado que la república islámica enfrenta protestas internas, una economía débil, corrupción endémica y tensiones con Israel, los analistas esperan pocos cambios en las políticas exterior o interna de Irán. El ayatolá Jamenei ha fijado el rumbo del país y cualquier nuevo presidente no lo alterará demasiado. Está previsto que hoy se realice una procesión fúnebre pública en la ciudad de Tabriz antes de trasladar los cuerpos a la capital, Teherán, para la ceremonia oficial.

Irán empieza la semana sin presidente ni ministro de Exteriores luego de que, el domingo, el helicóptero en el que viajaban se estrelló el domingo y murieron todos los pasajeros a bordo.

Ebrahim Raisi, de 63 años, era la segunda figura con más poder en la república islámica, después del ayatolá Alí Jamenei, supremo líder político y religioso del país, y su posible sucesor.

Raisi, un clérigo conservador que fue juez supremo, asumió la presidencia en 2021 y expandió el papel regional de Irán, apoyando y armando aliados en el Medio Oriente, equipando a Rusia y estrechando vínculos con Arabia Saudita.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Death of Iran’s President Does Not Bode Well

Iran’s supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, has not always seen eye to eye with his country’s presidents. Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani nudged the Islamic Republic too close to the West for the supreme leader’s liking. Mohammad Khatami rattled the conservative elite with subversive talk of how faith and freedom could coexist. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was too insubordinate and too populist, while Hassan Rouhani’s flirtation with the Americans and his disappointing arms-control agreement drove him out of the inner circle.

President Ebrahim Raisi, on the other hand, was Mr. Khamenei’s ideal partner. A lackluster manager with dispiriting rhetoric and a vicious streak, he was steadfastly loyal to Mr.…  Seguir leyendo »

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel and Hamas’s Yahya Sinwar.Credit...Photo Illustration by The New York Times. Photographs by Amir Cohen/Agence France-Presse, Via Getty Images; Mustafa Hassona/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

In seeking the arrests of senior leaders of Israel and Hamas, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has given the world a promise of accountability.

Regardless of the outcome of the cases, the prosecutor’s request that the court issue arrest warrants for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Hamas’s Yahya Sinwar helps cut through the polarizing language of the moment and promotes the idea that the basic rules of international humanitarian law apply to all. Anyone demanding an end to the conflict in Gaza and the release of all hostages from the grasp of Hamas should embrace the decision.

The prosecutor, Karim Khan, has also brought accusations against Hamas’s Muhammad Deif and Ismail Haniyeh.…  Seguir leyendo »

Occupation Has Corrupted the Humanity of Israel’s Military

Israel’s military has brought utter devastation to the Palestinians of Gaza after the attack by Hamas on Oct. 7. But the extreme response is not only a reaction to the horrors of that day. It is also a product of the decades-long role the military has played in enforcing Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories.

The occupation has cultivated a longstanding disregard among Israeli soldiers for Palestinian lives and similar impulses in the words and actions of commanders can be seen to lie behind the horrors of what we are witnessing today.

Israel has governed a people denied basic human rights and the rule of law through constant coercion, threats and intimidation.…  Seguir leyendo »

Higher Education Needs More Socrates and Plato

The right attacks colleges and universities as leftist and woke. Progressives castigate them as perpetuating patriarchy and white privilege. The burdens of these culture war assaults are compounded by parents worried that the exorbitant costs of higher education aren’t worth it.

No wonder Americans’ faith in universities is at a low. Only 36 percent of Americans have confidence in higher education, according to a survey by Gallup last year, a significant drop from eight years ago. And this was before colleges and universities across the country were swept up in a wave of protests and counter-protests over the war in Gaza.…  Seguir leyendo »

Slovakia Is at a Dangerous Moment

“Fico was shot”. The message arrived in one of my group chats shortly after 3 p.m. on Wednesday. I checked the news and forwarded what I could find out to my friends and family. Information was limited, and headlines like “Robert Fico Was Shot After the Government Meeting in Handlova” seemed absurdly matter-of-fact.

Yes, Mr. Fico, Slovakia’s prime minister, has been a controversial figure. But could he really have been shot multiple times on a weekday afternoon in May? On Friday, he remained hospitalized in serious but stable condition after undergoing surgery.

Slovakian politics are deeply polarized in ways that have tipped into rhetorical and even physical violence.…  Seguir leyendo »

A barrier wall snakes along the West Bank. William Keo for The New York Times

It was the pictures of Palestinians swimming and sunning at a Gaza beach that rubbed Yehuda Shlezinger, an Israeli journalist, the wrong way. Stylish in round red glasses and a faint scruff of beard, Mr. Shlezinger unloaded his revulsion at the “disturbing” pictures while appearing on Israel’s Channel 12.

“These people there deserve death, a hard death, an agonizing death, and instead we see them enjoying on the beach and having fun”, complained Mr. Shlezinger, the religious affairs correspondent for the widely circulated right-wing Israel Hayom newspaper. “We should have seen a lot more revenge there”, Mr. Shlezinger unrepentantly added. “A lot more rivers of Gazans’ blood”.…  Seguir leyendo »

Russia Has Opened Up a New Front. What Comes Next?

Last week, the Russian military opened a new front in its invasion of Ukraine.

Launching an offensive into the Kharkiv region, Russian forces quickly advanced several kilometers, managing to reoccupy several villages that were liberated during Ukraine’s successful offensive in September 2022. They have not yet reached the main line of defenses east of the city, which are held by brigades better equipped and more experienced than those closer to the border. But the situation is serious.

By threatening Ukraine’s second most populous city, Russia hopes to pin Ukrainian resources in the region, exposing the front elsewhere. Ukraine’s immediate priority is to stabilize the front line and prevent a major Russian breakthrough, which it may be able to do.…  Seguir leyendo »

En busca de los desaparecidos de México

En junio de 2020 fui secuestrado por hombres armados y que exigieron un pago por mi rescate. A diferencia de otros miles de mexicanos que han sido secuestrados, yo sobreviví. Esta es mi historia, y la historia de cómo la violencia ha destruido familias, vidas y a mi país. Fotografías y texto por Manuel Bayo Gisbert

Mi pareja de entonces y yo estábamos en la carretera, a las afueras de Ciudad de México, filmando una película experimental cuando un grupo de hombres armados se acercó a nosotros. Nuestro error fue utilizar una cámara en el lugar equivocado y en el momento equivocado.…  Seguir leyendo »

The End of TikTok Is a Propaganda Win for Beijing

When President Biden signed a bill requiring that TikTok be divested from its Chinese owner, ByteDance, members of Congress hailed the law as a blow to Beijing. They shouldn’t be so quick to celebrate. The law would at best partially mitigate the hazards of misinformation or the risks to national security posed by China. The Communist Party, meanwhile, looks forward to a propaganda windfall, prizing off Washington’s mantle as champion of a free and open internet.

America’s moral authority on maintaining open internet platforms will look very different if it bans TikTok. After years of enduring American sermonizing about free speech and open trade, autocrats would now be able to cite Washington’s own example when they interfere with speech platforms that displease them.…  Seguir leyendo »

On separate visits to Beijing last month, Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen bore a common message: Chinese manufacturing overcapacity is flooding global markets with cheap Chinese exports, distorting world trade and leaving American businesses and workers struggling to compete.

Not surprisingly, China’s leaders did not like what they heard, and they didn’t budge. They can’t. Years of erratic and irresponsible policies, excessive Communist Party control and undelivered promises of reform have created a dead-end Chinese economy of weak domestic consumer demand and slowing growth. The only way that China’s leaders can see to pull themselves out of this hole is to fall back on pumping out exports.…  Seguir leyendo »

La eterna tensión entre ser madre y crear arte

“Demasiada vida entra en esta casa”, escribió Tillie Olsen, escritora, activista sindical y madre de cuatro niñas, en una carta a la poetisa Anne Sexton. “Levantarse a las 6, desayunar por turnos, preparar la comida, y luego, si no hay nadie enfermo, o no es día festivo o cualquiera de los otros quirófanos, se trabaja hasta las 4, a veces más tiempo o una tarde entera, dependiendo de la carga de las tareas domésticas, compras, mandados, gente, crisis familiar o de amigos del momento”. Esta descripción del tumulto artístico y familiar se escribió en 1961, pero podría haber sido un correo electrónico de una madre a otra en 2024.…  Seguir leyendo »

One of the Most Successful Parties in the World Is Staggering to Inevitable Defeat

At 3 a.m. one day last December, a 78-year-old volunteer for the British Conservative Party was reportedly woken by a call from Mark Menzies, the Conservative lawmaker she worked for. He said that he was being held somewhere by “bad people” who demanded £5,000, or $6,300, to release him. The volunteer, a former campaign manager for Mr. Menzies, paid the sum out of her own savings. She was later reimbursed out of party funds.

Mr. Menzies, who was suspended from the party last month, denies that allegation and others, which include using £14,000 from party funds for personal medical bills. The ins and outs of his improprieties are neither here nor there, though he is no stranger to scandal.…  Seguir leyendo »