The Washington Post

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados a partir del 1 de Septiembre de 2008.

A woman walks by a wall in Ahmadabad, India, with portraits of President Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday. ahead of Trump's planned visit to the country. (Ajit Solanki/AP)

“Jihadi.” “Presstitute.”

Those are some of the insults the government of India routinely deploys against critical journalists. I’ve been at the receiving end of both. A few weeks ago, the Twitter account of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party called me a “jihadi” for my criticism of its polarizing tweets against Muslims in India.

But I’m far from alone. Journalists are facing enormous pressures and intimidation in India.

President Trump, who is visiting the country next week, will surely feel right at home with a government that also dismisses critical news stories as fake and casts aspersions on journalistic integrity everyday.

Fabrication, hyper-nationalism and self-censorship are on the rise as the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi tightens its grip on the country’s political and economic life.…  Seguir leyendo »

Lil Nas X, top center, performs with the K-pop group BTS at the Grammy Awards in Los Angeles in January. (Kevork Djansezian/AFP/Getty Images)

The world is experiencing a “Korean Wave” — a global pop culture boom that has seen South Korean music, cinema, television and other products find an enormous market worldwide. Earlier this month, Bong Joon-ho’s “Parasite” became the first non-English language film to win a best picture Oscar (a decision President Trump objected to at a rally on Thursday). And on Friday, K-pop sensation BTS released its highly anticipated new album — one that is expected to quickly top the Billboard charts.

This is not a new trend. The world has been gobbling up Korean pop culture for years — and not just music or movies.…  Seguir leyendo »

Thousands of Algerians take to the street to commemorate the first anniversary of the popular protests in Algiers on Friday. (Toufik Doudou)

On Saturday, one of the world’s most resilient nonviolent protest movements hits a one-year milestone. A year ago, nationwide protests emerged against then-Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, after his nomination for a fifth term sparked mass outrage from citizens frustrated with the country’s growing corruption, sluggish economy and lack of freedom.

Over the past year, the leaderless protest movement (known as the Hirak) succeeded in toppling Bouteflika and the imprisonment of major figures from his regime, including several prime ministers. Peaceful mass protests have continued across the country every week even in the face of provocation and repression from the regime.…  Seguir leyendo »

El candidato presidencial democráta, Bernie Sanders, participa en el evento March to the Polls, el 15 de febrero de 2020 en Las Vegas Nevada. (Alex Wong/Getty Images)

Puede que el senador Bernie Sanders (independiente por Vermont) sea el candidato demócrata favorito para la próxima elección en Estados Unidos, pero su margen de victoria en New Hampshire debería haberle dado de qué pensar. En la elección de hace cuatro años, Sanders ganó decisivamente en New Hampshire, superando a la futura candidata Hillary Clinton por casi 60,000 votos. Esta vez no. Hubo otras tendencias preocupantes para Sanders: la mayoría de los votantes primarios de New Hampshire eligieron a uno de los rivales centristas de Sanders. La nominación demócrata podría estar a su alcance, pero la legendaria coalición de Sanders aún no se ha materializado por completo.…  Seguir leyendo »

Meanwhile, on the other side of the Earth, there have been more than 75,000 cases of coronavirus and more than 2,000 deaths. This leaves U.S. health experts hoping that the number of infections has been dramatically underreported.

That is not a typo. If the current numbers are close to accurate, it indicates a coronavirus mortality rate upward of 2 percent. The mortality rate for the seasonal flu is generally 0.1 percent. The mortality rate for pandemic flu is 0.3 to 0.5 percent. The particularly deadly flu pandemic of 1918 — which took the lives of 50 million people around the world — had a mortality rate of about 2 percent.…  Seguir leyendo »

An Iranian woman walks past election posters in Tehran on Thursday. (Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

Friday, the Islamic Republic of Iran is holding parliamentary elections. Expect Iranians to use the moment to send a powerful message to their government.

Spoiler alert: It won’t be a vote of confidence.

The elections are taking place at a time of extraordinary volatility. Last year, a wave of massive street protests ended with the deaths of hundreds of Iranians. Authorities predictably blamed the unrest on foreign agitators.

Then, in early January, came the targeted killing of Iran’s most influential military commander, Maj. Gen. Qasem Soleimani, in a U.S. drone strike in Baghdad.

Days later, as the regime allowed civilian aircraft to fly during a retaliatory raid on U.S.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Parthenon marbles, seen Wednesday at the British Museum in London. (Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

Behold the goddess Iris, belted tunic undulating in an imagined wind, bosom held out and head held … well, almost 1,500 miles away in Athens.

These are the Elgin marbles if you ask the British, the Parthenon marbles if you ask the Greeks. A nobleman saved them 200-odd years ago if you ask the British, and he stole them if you ask the Greeks. This fight never really got old, but it’s especially new today. The European Union might ask an exiting United Kingdom to drop off these paragons of ancient achievement on its way out. The case is stronger than ever.…  Seguir leyendo »

Japan’s bureaucrats are great at some things. Crisis management doesn’t seem to be one of them.

As it attempts to manage the fallout of the covid-19 coronavirus — which has taken the lives of more than 2,000 people worldwide, including a Japanese man and woman on board the Diamond Princess cruise ship — Japan is reliving the bureaucratic red-tape nightmares that hampered emergency efforts in Kobe in 1995 and Fukushima in 2011.

After a major quake devastated Kobe in 1995, volunteers who came to offer help to the displaced were turned away by officials, as were Swiss search-and-rescue dogs because authorities refused to relax quarantine regulations.…  Seguir leyendo »

Sin dignidad no habrá rehabilitación en las cárceles de El Salvador

El Salvador tiene una notoria reputación por la brutalidad de sus pandillas. Pero dentro de las cárceles del país, las condiciones inhumanas y el hacinamiento, no la violencia, representan algunas de las mayores amenazas. Viajé al país centroamericano en diciembre como parte de una misión de observación con la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.

En la prisión de Zacatecoluca, algunos reclusos dijeron que no habían recibido visitas en años (la ley prohíbe las visitas familiares en las cárceles de máxima seguridad). Algunos dijeron que no habían visto el sol en meses mientras se acurrucaban en las oscuras y húmedas celdas. Algunas prisiones en El Salvador se desbordan con más del 600% de capacidad.…  Seguir leyendo »

Con respecto al editorial del 13 de febrero, “El presidente de El Salvador viola de manera alarmante las normas democraticas”:

Mi equipo y yo hemos trabajado sin parar para abordar la situación de seguridad de El Salvador, la cual estaba fuera de control. Esta situación fue creada por 30 años de políticas polarizadoras y corrupción generalizada por el Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN), respaldado por Nicolás Maduro, y los partidarios del escuadrón de la muerte de la Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (ARENA), los dos partidos políticos tradicionales en El Salvador.

Solicité reiteradamente a nuestra Asamblea Nacional que aprobara un préstamo cuyo presupuesto ha sido totalmente transparente para implementar nuestro plan de seguridad.…  Seguir leyendo »

A rescued pangolin in search of food on a private property near Johannesburg on Saturday. (Themba Hadebe/AP)

About two years ago in northern Uganda, I watched anxiously as an endangered pangolin was released into a protected forest. Wildlife authorities and conservationists had rescued the scaly mammal from poachers. The small, gentle creature fell off the tree he was trying to climb and weakly crawled into the underbrush. Pangolins tend to die in captivity so release into the wild was his best option for survival. But the odds were stacked against him, in many ways.

The pangolin is likely the world’s most poached and trafficked mammal, largely because of voracious demand for its scales and meat from China and other Asian countries.…  Seguir leyendo »

Inside El Salvador’s prisons

El Salvador has a notorious reputation for its brutal gang-related crime. But inside the country’s prisons, inhumane conditions and overcrowding represent some of the biggest threats, not violence. I traveled to the Central American country in December as part of an observation mission with the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights.

At the Zacatecoluca prison, inmates said they hadn’t had any visitors in years. (Family visits are prohibited by law at maximum-security prisons.) Some said they hadn’t seen the sun in months as they huddled in the dark, humid cells. Several prisons in El Salvador are overflowing with over 600 percent capacity.…  Seguir leyendo »

El 17 de febrero, durante su habitual conferencia de prensa, el presidente mexicano, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), pidió a las feministas que, por favor, no pinten las paredes ni las puertas. Se refería a las protestas que se realizaron el viernes 14 de febrero en Ciudad de México para pedir al gobierno una reacción urgente ante el brutal feminicidio de Ingrid Escamilla. Durante estas protestas, las palabras “Estado Feminicida”, entre otras, quedaron plasmadas en las puertas del Palacio Nacional. Dos días después, el cuerpo de Fátima, una niña de siete años torturada y asesinada, se había encontrado al sur de la ciudad.…  Seguir leyendo »

The number of cases of covid-19 — the newly named coronavirus — has topped 70,000 globally, with over 1,800 deaths. The World Health Organization declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on Jan. 30, citing the lack of scientific knowledge about the new virus, as well as the need to increase preparation in “vulnerable countries and regions.”

As of mid-February, 29 countries have reported cases, including Egypt — with the first confirmed case on the African continent. Trade and migration between Africa and China, as well as the presence of roughly 1 million Chinese nationals on the continent, mean it is possible that other covid-19 cases will appear.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una joven durante la protesta contra los feminicidios y la forma en que los medios les dan cobertura, el 14 de febrero de 2020, en Ciudad de México. (SASHENKA GUTIERREZ/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

Desde hace días, cientos de mujeres han salido a protestar en las calles de Ciudad de México por el feminicidio de Ingrid Escamilla y la divulgación de las imágenes del crimen. Las manifestantes pintaron la puerta del Palacio Nacional, donde está la oficina presidencial, y quemaron un camión repartidor del periódico popular La Prensa. Denunciar la violencia de esas imágenes abre un nuevo frente en la lucha por la seguridad y la igualdad de las mujeres.

La prensa criminal, conocida en México como nota roja, adquirió su popularidad durante el siglo pasado gracias a su capacidad para presentar ante el público los detalles de los crímenes más impresionantes, que los gobiernos querían ocultar.…  Seguir leyendo »

A reveler with spiders and a globe on his head is pictured at the alternative carnival ghost parade in Cologne, Germany. (Martin Meissner/AP)

When BlackRock, the world’s largest money manager, announced in January that climate risks would become central to its investment strategy, it was a sign of the times.

Multiple events in the past few months indicate that we’re in a new phase in the global effort to address climate change. The action is happening largely outside the United Nations’ negotiations. What changed, and what are the consequences?

In the 1990s, national governments led the charge, trying to stop climate change by building formal treaties with legally binding targets to greenhouse gas emissions. That first phase ended with the slow failure of the Kyoto Protocol.…  Seguir leyendo »

Supporters of Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele protest to demand a loan for public safety. (Rodrigo Sura/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

A week ago, a photo from El Salvador circulated that looked like something out of the Cold War — soldiers armed with M-16s occupying the country’s Legislative Assembly. It was all the more striking coming from a country that emerged a quarter-century ago from a devastating civil war and became a model for negotiated peace.

If the occupation was a throwback, it was also tailored for the social media era. El Salvador’s millennial president, Nayib Bukele, tweeted his demands beforehand, calling on the assembly to pass a bill to secure financing for his security plan. He took a selfie with a crowd of supporters before marching in with troops.…  Seguir leyendo »

Is it really time to scrap democracy

Many pundits, political scientists and media outlets are pushing the story that democracy isn’t working. They point to results suggesting that voters are unreasonable, irrationally swayed by populist appeals and irrelevant events such as shark attacks and college football games. In Roslyn Fuller’s new book, “In Defence of Democracy,” she offers a roundup of such anti-democratic opinions, noting that philosopher Julian Baggini described trusting the majority “to reach fair and wise decisions as ‘borderline insane,’” and that “Plato and Aristotle get a bad rap these days for their rejection of democracy.” Reacting to the Brexit referendum, human rights lawyer Geoffrey Robertson argued, “Democracy has never meant the tyranny of the simple majority.”…  Seguir leyendo »

Iranian women protest for the Islamic hijab on July 12, 2014 in Tehran. (Behrouz Mehri/AFP/Getty Images)

Religious indoctrination starts early in Iran, when you are forced at school to learn the Koran. I was a dutiful student, praying assiduously while wearing a loose, ugly school uniform, with my hair hidden under a big scarf. At age 8, I even won a prize for fasting.

At 9, I was introduced by my father to the beautiful game of chess, beloved by ancient Persian poets. Chess requires logic and critical thinking — not faith. Slowly, in my teens, I began to question why, if God is fair, is there so much pain and suffering in the world?

Even if my faith was fading, as a woman in Iran I had no choice but to tolerate the hijab — the Islamic emblem of constant, misogynistic oppression.…  Seguir leyendo »

Emilio Lozoya, exdirector de Pemex, es escoltado por policías en España. (Jon Nazca)

No sólo era legalmente inevitable, era éticamente obligatorio. Más aún, era una urgencia sustancial para México: había que denunciar. El hecho era agravioso no sólo por el monto de la afectación al patrimonio de los mexicanos, sino porque constituye otro emblemático símbolo de la corrupción política que tenía que ser expuesto.

La ofensa: la compra que ejecutivos de Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex), la empresa petrolera mexicana, hicieron de la planta de urea y fertilizantes Agro Nitrogenados, ubicada en Coatzacoalcos, en el estado de Veracruz.

La decisión de impulsar acciones penales en contra del entonces director general de Pemex, Emilio Ricardo Lozoya Austin; de Alonso Ancira Elizondo, presidente del consejo de administración de Altos Hornos; y de todos aquellos que participaron en la adquisición de la planta, respondió a los intereses de la República.…  Seguir leyendo »