The Washington Post

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados a partir del 1 de abril de 2009.

Rohingya refugees shout slogans against repatriation to Myanmar at the Unchiprang camp near Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh last month. (Dar Yasin/AP)

“We cannot go back,” declared Mohammad Ilyas, a refugee from Myanmar living in Bangladesh. Yet Ilyas is also uncertain whether he can remain: Like the roughly 1 million other Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, he cannot work or provide education for his children.

In an ideal world, refugees like Ilyas would be resettled to a third safe country, but few countries are willing to accept the Rohingya. As a result, the U.N. refugee agency (UNHCR) announced last month that it is prepared to help Rohingya refugees visit Myanmar to consider returning home, or “repatriating.” Eventually, UNHCR could provide transport and aid for refugees permanently repatriating, as it did for Rohingya refugees in the 1990s.…  Seguir leyendo »

El viernes salió a la calle el último impreso de El Nacional, único diario independiente de circulación nacional que quedaba en el país. Pero sigue activo en la web. (Fernando Llano/AP)

Llegó en barco y por partes: 11 contenedores y 12 cajas salieron del puerto de Hamburgo, Alemania, el 29 de enero de 2006, y llegaron al puerto de La Guaira, en el caribe venezolano, el 21 de febrero de ese año. Allí venía la Wifag OF7, una rotativa suiza fabricada en 1981 que se apagó el jueves en el diario El Nacional de Caracas.

La máquina –apodada “la güifa” por los empleados del diario– desembarcó en Venezuela el año antes de que el control a los medios de comunicación comenzara a perfilarse como política de Estado. El Nacional intentaba renovarse, pero el fallecido presidente Hugo Chávez acababa de ganar su segundo periodo y presentó, por óprimera vez, su plan del “socialismo del siglo XXI” en el que el respeto a la libertad de expresión sería más un estorbo que un valor.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua, alongside Rosario Murillo, the first lady and vice president, in Managua on Nov. 29. (Inti Ocon/AFP/Getty Images)

The people in Nicaragua have been struggling since April against the cruel dictatorship of Daniel Ortega and his family. More than 300 people have been killed and more than 500 are political prisoners, according to estimates by the Nicaraguan Center of Human Rights. Each day, the police and paramilitary troops raid cities looking for people to capture and sometimes torture. Peaceful demonstrations are now criminalized, with participants rounded up and accused of being terrorists.

It has been eight months of civic rebellion, 240 days in which all peaceful alternatives for a political resolution have been exhausted. Most citizens are desperately crying for democracy, peace and justice — but Ortega has demonstrated that he does not want to step down and does not want to find a solution to the crisis.…  Seguir leyendo »

Rescuers carry the life vests of migrants who were intercepted off the Spanish coast. Dec. 10, 2018. (Jon Nazca/Reuters)

As world leaders gathered this week in Marrakesh to adopt the United Nation’s first-ever global compact on migration, misconceptions about the aims of the agreement abounded.

The Global Compact for Migration aims to improve how migration is managed via a set of 23 specific objectives, ranging from the collection of adequate data to ensuring that all migrants have proof of legal identity, establishing coordinated efforts on missing migrants, and strengthening the transnational response to the smuggling and trafficking of migrants.

And yet, some 30 nations were not represented in Marrakesh, over 20 of which, including the United States, Australia and most of the eastern and central European members of the European Union, declared loud and clear that they would not adopt the compact.…  Seguir leyendo »

Supporters and opponents of Britain's exit from the European Union, outside Westminster Palace in London on Nov. 15. (Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images)

The lights from Committee Room 14 in the House of Commons were shining brightly onto the Thames on Wednesday night, as more than 300 Conservative members of Parliament packed themselves inside to vote on whether to keep Theresa May as prime minister. After three hours, the news came through: A majority had backed May and she had survived.

Yet it resolves nothing in the great Brexit drama that has brought political life to a standstill and cast uncertainty over the daily decisions of the country, its people and its businesses. May must still get support from Parliament for a deal with the European Union — one that very few members of Parliament of any party seem to like.…  Seguir leyendo »

A tribal chief in Malawi has become an idol for hundreds of girls for her courage to break up more than 800 child marriages to send girls back to school. (Reuters)

The #MeToo movement has helped create a global spotlight on campaigns to end sexual harassment and assault, human trafficking and child marriage. These movements add to a growing emphasis on girls’ rights, highlighted by the recent trip of first lady Melania Trump to Africa — including a stop in Malawi, where she brought attention to children’s welfare.

But we find in our research that human rights campaigns can actually make child marriage worse. These efforts can backfire, causing decreased support for banning child marriage.

How we did our research

We conducted a survey experiment in Malawi in 2016 with a team of researchers at the Program on Governance and Local Development (GLD).…  Seguir leyendo »

Police clashed with the “yellow vests” near the Champs Elysees in Paris on Dec. 8. (Veronique de Viguerie/Getty Images for The Washington Post)

The “gilets jaunes,” or yellow vests, protests in France caught everyone by surprise. Triggered by a proposed increase in the tax on fuel, the protests spread across the country with unprecedented speed and intensity, turning them into an existential threat to President Emmanuel Macron’s political project.

The press has emphasized social media’s role in enabling the protests to grow and spread without any central organization. Social media is getting the credit for allowing far-flung individuals to coordinate, drawing participants from many backgrounds and remote corners of the country, making preemptive police action difficult. Social media also has gotten the credit for other incidents of mass unrest in recent history, including the Arab Spring and the 2011 London riots.…  Seguir leyendo »

In this Sept. 21, 2018, photo, men deliver U.N. World Food Programme aid in Aslam, Hajjah, Yemen. The United Nations and independent donors are rushing food to a desperate corner of northern Yemen where starving villagers were found to be living off leaves. (Hammadi Issa/AP)

In September, the World Bank announced a new partnership with the United Nations, the Red Cross, Microsoft, Google, and Amazon to help end famine. The group will use artificial intelligence and machine learning to predict famine and mobilize early funding to mitigate its effects. The goal of this Famine Action Mechanism (FAM): Ready sufficient funding to respond promptly to food crises.

FAM is part of a new trend of donor-funded programs that try to avert emergencies by responding before crisis hits. But donors and aid organizations already have early warning systems in place. Humanitarian responses to food crises are chronically underfunded.…  Seguir leyendo »

Over the past few days, Britain has entered into a major political crisis. Negotiators for the Conservative Party government made a deal with European Union negotiators over the Brexit process. However, the deal was unacceptable to the Democratic Unionist Party, which the government relies on for support, as well as to the Labour Party and many members of the Conservative Party. Now rebel Conservatives have gathered the necessary votes to challenge the leadership of Prime Minister Theresa May. How did this happen, and what happens next?

The U.K.-E.U. exit deal was highly controversial

The key challenge that both May and the European Union face is that there is no obvious deal acceptable to both Britain and the E.U.…  Seguir leyendo »

Activistas dibujaron rostros en una avenida de Ciudad de México para representar a los 43 estudiantes de Ayotzinapa desaparecidos en septiembre en 2014. (Marco Ugarte/AP)

Desde 2006 a 2016, fueron descubiertos en México, según registros oficiales, casi dos mil fosas clandestinas donde criminales desaparecieron personas. La barbarie abarca 24 estados del país y uno de cada siete municipios.

Estos fueron algunos de los resultados de la investigación que durante más de año y medio realizamos un grupo de periodistas preocupados por la práctica sistemática y masiva de desaparecer personas que, en los últimos dos sexenios presidenciales, arrasó con por lo menos 37,000 personas que siguen sin ser localizadas.

El hallazgo de 1978 entierros clandestinos, los municipios donde se ubicaron, el número de cuerpos y restos extraídos, y el mapa que lo acompaña revela más del doble de la cifra más alta de fosas reportadas en ese mismo periodo por la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos (CNDH), un organismo gubernamental federal.…  Seguir leyendo »

Women marched to call on the authorities to locate their missing loved ones on Mother's Day in Mexico City on May 10. (Eduardo Verdugo/AP)

From 2006 to 2016, almost 2,000 mass graves used by criminals to disappear people were discovered in Mexico, according to official records. This barbaric practice took place in 24 states, affecting 1 in 7 municipalities.

These are some of the results of a year-and-a-half-long investigation led by a group of journalists concerned about the systematic and widespread practice of disappearing people. During the past two administrations, 37,000 have gone missing.

Our investigation — which discovered 1,978 clandestine graves, the municipalities where they were located and the number of bodies and remains extracted — shows more than double the highest number of graves reported during the same period by the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), a federal government agency.…  Seguir leyendo »

Soldiers and police at the scene where more than 20 people were killed in their homes in an overnight attack in the Ruhagarika community in the rural northwestern province of Cibitoke, Burundi, on May 12, 2018. (AP)

In November 2018, the Paris Peace Forum, the brainchild of French President Emmanuel Macron, aimed to bring together key participants in global governance — “states, international organizations, local governments, NGOs and foundations, companies, experts, journalists, trade unions, religious groups and citizens” — to help build peace.

While the delegates discussed peace in grand halls in Paris, violence escalated again in Congo, leaving several U.N. peacekeepers dead. Burundi was once a model of international peacebuilding success. Now, the Burundi government increasingly uses violence and oppression against its critics.

Some analysts see these examples as evidence that multilateral peacebuilding efforts do not work.…  Seguir leyendo »

Denis Mukwege, center, celebrates with his staff at Panzi Hospital in Bukavu, eastern Congo, on Oct. 5, after learning that he was awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize. Mukwege, 63, founded the hospital and has treated thousands of victims of wartime sexual violence. (Norwegian Church Aid/AP)

On Dec. 10, Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad received the Nobel Prize for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. The award is significant but, as Mukwege notes, it “will have real meaning only if it helps mobilize people to change the situation of victims in areas of armed conflict.”

Our recent research in eastern Congo shows that this change does not come easily for survivors of sexual violence. Support programs can help survivors economically, but the biggest hurdle they face is social stigma. Survivors of sexual violence in war are shaped by those experiences long after the initial assault.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tunisian army troops patrol the streets of the town of Sbiba in the province of Kasserine, known to be an important recruiting area for the Islamic State. (Lorenzo Tugnoli for The Washington Post)

Tunisia ranks among the top countries of origin for foreign recruits of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. Leaked membership lists and details obtained from the profiles of recruits killed in battle provide an important data set of fighters’ biographical information to help determine factors contributing to their recruitment. We matched a list of 636 Tunisian Islamic State fighters derived from leaked border documents with information from the 2014 census, as well as other data. We found that fighters came from 128 of Tunisia’s 264 delegations.

But why would citizens of the only Arab democracy travel thousands of miles to participate in a violent insurgency?…  Seguir leyendo »

"Yellow vest" protesters with riot police members in Marseille, France, on Saturday. (Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images)

Weekend after weekend, French President Emmanuel Macron is dealing with sometimes violent protests from a populist movement known as the gilets jaunes (yellow vests). The protesters were galvanized by a plan to raise gasoline taxes, but they are still out in the streets even though the gas tax increase has been suspended. Now they’re demanding, among other things, default on the public debt, exit from the European Union and NATO, and less immigration. I’m dealing with a piece of the online fallout — and in the process learning a dispiriting lesson about how hard it is for a political leader to pursue a moderate path in an age of extremes.…  Seguir leyendo »

What a difference three years makes. In December 2015, world leaders gathered in a historic display of species consciousness to sign the Paris climate accord to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius. Today, in December 2018, Paris is experiencing a winter of discontent, with a virtual uprising against a tax increase on fuel aimed at fulfilling France’s 2015 obligations.

In a dramatic illustration of the battle between the present and the future, the mantra of the protestors, angry over the affordability of the increase, is that their top concern is not “the end of the world” but surviving until “the end of the month.” On Tuesday, the government temporarily suspended the tax.…  Seguir leyendo »

Norbert Winzen at Garzweiler. Nov. 2018. (Sirio Magnabosco for The WorldPost)

Norbert Winzen remembers the winter they laid the cobblestones in the courtyard of his family’s farmhouse here in this small village. He was 12 years old, maybe 13. He and his brothers and sister scrubbed each and every one of the hundreds of heavy stones so their father could lay them in tidy rows. It was the kind of drudgery he despised as a kid but that he looks back on fondly as an adult, especially now that his family’s courtyard is going to be ripped up, the farmhouse torn down and his family unwillingly uprooted.

The Winzen farm and every house and field in Keyenberg sit atop a rich vein of lignite, a soft brown coal widely used to generate electricity in Germany and around the world.…  Seguir leyendo »

An identification card was checked at a "red point" in Caracas to verify people voted during the last presidential election in May. (Marco Bello/Reuters)

For fans of “Black Mirror,” Charlie Brooker’s dark dystopian fantasy on Netflix, the news out of China recently had been disconcerting. Through its Social Credit System, the Chinese Communist Party is apparently determined to build out a real-world version of the streaming nightmare: a pervasive, highly intrusive AI-enabled surveillance system that tracks you all day every day and that largely determines all of your life chances.

Social Credit is creepy enough in its own terms, but the real question is whether it will remain quarantined in China’s huge walled garden, or whether it will spread, becoming a model for repressive regimes worldwide.…  Seguir leyendo »

A swathe of deforested land is visible in the morning mist in Magdalena Valley, Antioquia. April 2018. (Lucy Sherriff)

For Colombia, peace has come with caveats. In 2016, guerrillas from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) finally laid down their weapons, ending over half a century of conflict. Thousands of fighters had spent decades occupying Colombia’s forests, and most got up and left their secret mountain hideouts. Families who had fled the fighting started to return. Old farms re-opened, and new ones sprang up. Gold and coal miners moved in.

The forests had protected the FARC fighters from attacks and surveillance. In turn, FARC’s presence in the Magdalena River Valley, nestled between the central and eastern Andes, kept the forests intact.…  Seguir leyendo »

A father gives water to his malnourished daughter at a feeding center in a hospital in Hodeida, Yemen, in September. (Hani Mohammed/AP)

Analysts have long argued that, if left unchecked, Yemen’s political, economic and fiscal crises were all but certain to cause a massive, debilitating famine. As Yemen barrels toward this worst-case scenario, what is most disturbing is that there is no indication the trend will be stopped, even when people start dying in unprecedented numbers.

Almost four years into the country’s civil war, 22 million people in Yemen now require some sort of assistance. About 10,000 people contract cholera every week; there have been more than 1.2 million cases of the disease and more than 2,500 deaths, according to the World Health Organization.…  Seguir leyendo »