The Washington Post

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados a partir del 1 de diciembre de 2008.

Al parecer, el presidente de los Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, pensó que podía evitar el juicio político usando mentiras y bravuconadas, pero estaba equivocado. Su lugar de deshonra en la historia ahora está casi asegurado.

El anuncio de la presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes, Nancy Pelosi, sobre el avance con artículos del juicio político era inevitable, y Trump no tiene a nadie a quien culpar más que a él mismo. Nadie lo obligó a intimidar a un gobierno extranjero para que lo ayudara en su intento de reelección. Nadie lo obligó a abusar del poder de la presidencia para beneficio personal.…  Seguir leyendo »

Boris Johnson wants to get tougher on crime

Last week’s terrorist knife attack in London reignited Britain’s political battle over crime, just as the United Kingdom heads toward a Dec. 12 general election. Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn blamed each other for justice policy failures. The attacker was out on parole from a previous conviction; he might theoretically still be in prison if, when sentenced, Johnson’s proposals had already been in place.

What are those proposals? In August, Johnson announced plans to end the U.K.’s current automatic license (parole) system for sentences of 14 or more years. Under current provisions, these prisoners are often eligible for release after half their original sentence.…  Seguir leyendo »

Next week’s British election is said to be that nation’s most important since World War II. That’s true, but for Americans, it will also serve as a window into our own 2020 contest.

British politics have long mirrored our own. Both nations have been dominated for decades by two parties, one center-right — the Conservatives and the Republicans — and one center-left — Labour and the Democrats. The center-right parties historically attracted the educated and relatively well-off, while the center-left ones attracted the poor, the working class and ethnic and racial minorities. There were important differences, to be sure, but Democrats and Republicans could each see their British counterparts as first cousins rather than distant relatives.…  Seguir leyendo »

Brexit has revived fears that Northern Ireland will return to violence. After three decades of “The Troubles,” deadly warfare in which almost 3,500 people died, violence mostly ended after the 1998 Good Friday Agreement was signed. That peace deal relied in part on European Union membership, which enabled free trade and free movement between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. That satisfied both British unionists, who wanted Northern Ireland to remain part of the U.K., and Irish republicans, who wanted to join the Republic of Ireland.

Many feared that Brexit threatened that truce. When the U.K. decided to leave the European Union, observers feared that introducing a “hard” border between Northern Ireland, still part of the U.K., and the Republic of Ireland, still part of the E.U., might undermine the peace and encourage militant Irish republicans to attack the border.…  Seguir leyendo »

Six decades after the first steps toward European integration, is the European Union ready to discuss further changes to its foundations? Last week, France and Germany issued a joint call for a two-year Conference on the Future of Europe. Here’s what you need to know.

Past treaties have led to sweeping economic, political and constitutional changes in Europe, including the single market, the euro currency, a common approach to border management and E.U. citizenship. However, these treaties have largely failed to address citizens’ concerns over the E.U.’s legitimacy.

Treaty making has changed

Our new book looks at how Europe’s treaty-making has changed since 1950.…  Seguir leyendo »

México es tierra de cárteles conocidos por todo el mundo, que han atemorizado por décadas no sólo a este país sino a la región completa. Pero hay una organización de la que pocos hablan y a la que los gobiernos han decidido no enfrentar: el Cártel del Mar. No combatirla podría traer pronto un gran costo económico para México.

El negocio de esta organización no es cultivar mariguana, transportar cocaína ni esconder laboratorios para producir metanfetaminas. Es algo mucho más rentable: contratar pescadores pobres para que pesquen totoaba —una especie en peligro de extinción— para extraerle la vejiga natatoria, secarla y mandarla a China.…  Seguir leyendo »

Demonstrators attend a concert in Medellin in support of the strike against Colombian President Iván Duque's government on Saturday. (Joaquin Sarmiento/AFP/Getty Images)

Colombians have joined others in Latin America by taking to the streets to protest their government. Beginning Nov. 21, hundreds of thousands of people from all backgrounds have been marching in large and small cities and even in rural areas. Colombia hasn’t seen such protests in several decades. While the protests come alongside others in Bolivia, Chile and Ecuador, Colombians are mobilizing for different reasons. What’s going on?

What happened in Colombia?

The protests started when unions and social movements called a rally on Nov. 21, known by its Twitter hashtag, #21N, against the government’s intentions to reduce benefits for retirees and workers.…  Seguir leyendo »

Students of Mehmet Akif College in Kosovo protest the arrest and deportation of their teachers in Pristina March 29, 2018. (Visar Kryeziu/AP)

A few weeks ago, in a meeting with Turkish parliamentarians not long after President Trump’s announcement that U.S. special forces had killed Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in northern Syria, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stated that he regarded the U.S. president as a role model:

“Some countries eliminate terrorists whom they consider as a threat to their national security, wherever they are,” he said. “This means they accept that Turkey has the same right.” He then hinted about his target: “This includes the terrorists they shake hands with and praised. I hope we will have good news for the nation on this matter soon.”

This was a blatant announcement of an assassination in the works.…  Seguir leyendo »

Demonstrators gathered outside the International Criminal Court in The Hague to call on the court and its chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, to prosecute Israel's army for war crimes. (Peter Dejong/AP)

When the International Criminal Court was founded in 1998, it was hailed as a breakthrough in the global fight against impunity. And even as ICC’s membership has grown to 123 states, many of the world’s worst criminals continue to escape justice. It’s often easier to prosecute a murderer than a war criminal, or a genocidaire. Especially when they’re the ones in power. That is why the world needs a court of last resort, an institution to prosecute those who national justice systems are unwilling or unable to prosecute. With the ICC the world has such a court, but it should be doing better.…  Seguir leyendo »

As Britain heads toward a Dec. 12 election, Boris Johnson has adopted a strategy of pitting the people against Parliament.

This isn’t just a populist rhetorical trick. The fact that the people and Parliament can be treated as opposing sides reveals a deeper crisis in Britain’s constitutional arrangement. I’ll explain below.

Parliament has fought to “take back control” of Brexit

The Brexit vote set off a major legal battle on whether the government needed Parliament’s consent to trigger the exit from the European Union. Parliament won the right to vote on the issue. And while most members of Parliament at the time supported remaining in the E.U., Parliament did eventually consent to exiting.…  Seguir leyendo »

An anti-American cartoon from June alleges that Americans were bribing CAR radio stations to broadcast lies. This image appeared on a Facebook page targeting the Central African Republic. (Stanford Internet Observatory)

In October, the Russian government hosted the first Russia-Africa Summit. More than 40 African heads of state arrived in Sochi to “identify new areas and forms of cooperation,” as Vladimir Putin noted in his greeting to participants.

A week later, Facebook announced that it had removed three networks of pages and accounts engaged in a long-term influence operation spanning eight African countries. Facebook, which had proactively identified a majority of the pages, attributed this operation to companies run by Yevgeniy Prigozhin, a man with close ties to Putin. Prigozhin is also the Russian oligarch U.S. authorities accused of bankrolling the Internet Research Agency — which the New York Times referred to as the “notorious Russian troll factory.”

Our team at the Stanford Internet Observatory worked with Facebook to identify and analyze these materials.…  Seguir leyendo »

On Nov. 18, a U.N. committee passed a Russia-backed cybercrime resolution by a vote of 88-58, with 34 countries abstaining. Russia, Belarus, Cambodia, China, Iran, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Syria and Venezuela sponsored the resolution, titled “Countering the use of information and communications technologies for criminal purposes.” The United States said it is “disappointed with the decision.”

The resolution creates a drafting group to create terms of reference for a global “cybercrime” treaty. But the cybercrimes of primary concern here aren’t hacking attacks, privacy violations or identity thefts. Instead, this treaty is intended to create international law that would make it easier for countries to cooperate to repress political dissent.…  Seguir leyendo »

Hace 10 meses, muchos pensaban que la caída del gobierno de Nicolás Maduro en Venezuela era inminente. Los más escépticos —entre los que me cuento— veíamos una ventana de oportunidad con el surgimiento del liderazgo del diputado y presidente de la Asamblea Nacional (AN), Juan Guaidó, y una hoja de ruta que concitaba apoyos de distinta naturaleza. Sin embargo, suponíamos que esa abertura —que conduciría a una salida democrática— podría cerrarse en poco tiempo, quizá en semanas. Hoy no solo parece que Maduro seguirá en el poder, sino que el piso que sostiene a Guaidó se debilita.

Acontecimientos recientes en la política venezolana mueven aún más esas bases.…  Seguir leyendo »

The populist radical right wins power in different countries in different ways. In Hungary and Poland, what were initially mainstream conservative parties with populist tendencies drifted inexorably, and now, it seems, irrevocably, into illiberalism once in government. Brexit provides perhaps the most striking illustration yet of populist radical right parties — first the UK Independence Party (UKIP) and then its effective successor the Brexit Party — wielding, and indeed effectively achieving, power without winning office. These parties have ensured their pet issue — Britain’s membership of the European Union — is now the major dividing line in British politics. How did this happen?…  Seguir leyendo »

Why does a political union that professes a deep commitment to democracy allow some member governments to backslide toward authoritarianism? The European Union claims it has a deep commitment to democracy. It requires applicant states to be democratic and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2012, in part because of how it had helped advance democracy in Europe. However, in recent years, the E.U. has allowed some member governments to backslide toward authoritarianism. In 2019, one member state, Hungary, became the only E.U. member state ever to be downgraded by Freedom House, an organization that measures democracy, to the status of only a “partly free” country.…  Seguir leyendo »

El presidente de México, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, cumplió este 1 de diciembre un año en el cargo. Es claro que ha tomado decisiones y realizado actos buenos, malos y feos. Empezaré con lo bueno.

En lo económico: desde que estaba en campaña apostó decididamente por mantener un tratado de libre comercio con Estados Unidos y Canadá, ha diseñado dos presupuestos (2019 y 2020) equilibrados, prolongó el equilibrio macroeconómico y aumentó el salario mínimo 16% sin que eso disparara la inflación.

En lo político: borró la imagen de suntuosidad asociada al ejercicio del servicio público y, aunque ha bajado su aprobación, sigue gozando de una enorme popularidad y capital político.…  Seguir leyendo »

Simpatizantes de Andrés Manuel López Obrador, presidente de México, en la celebración de su primer aniversario de Gobierno. (PEDRO PARDO/AFP via Getty Images)

En el primer año de Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) como presidente de México su nombre puebla con amplitud el escenario político nacional: ha centrado en su persona, sus políticas y su retórica la atención y la pasión del país, sin que hasta ahora sus adversarios hayan podido organizar una alternativa con programa, liderazgo y base social masiva.

México no había visto a un presidente remover el aparato institucional con el trajín incesante, y a veces atrabancado, con el que AMLO lo ha hecho. Tampoco un político en el poder había sostenido en la población un bono de esperanza tan evidente, durante tanto tiempo y a pesar de tantos problemas.…  Seguir leyendo »

Today is World AIDS Day. This year’s theme, “Communities make the difference,” recognizes how support at the grass-roots level is critical to HIV/AIDS programs worldwide, providing advocacy, education and support.

About 37.9 million people are living with HIV around the world, and many marginalized groups face discrimination or receive inadequate care. With AIDS programs in many countries under attack, community advocacy plays a critical role in tackling the AIDS epidemic.

How Brazil became a success story

In the global fight against AIDS, Brazil stands out for the pathbreaking set of AIDS policies it adopted in the 1990s. One of the first countries to guarantee all citizens access to lifesaving antiretroviral drugs, Brazil was also one of the first to implement needle-exchange programs and to make human rights a main focus of government AIDS policies.…  Seguir leyendo »

El dato se oficializó el jueves, cuatro días después de la segunda vuelta del domingo 24 de noviembre: Luis Lacalle Pou, del centroderechista Partido Nacional, será el próximo presidente del Uruguay, tras 15 años de gobierno del izquierdista Frente Amplio (FA). Aunque todas las encuestadoras vaticinaban una distancia mayor, Lacalle Pou le ganó al candidato oficialista Daniel Martínez por apenas 30 mil votos y fue necesario esperar al conteo de los votos observados para que la Corte Electoral se pronunciara de manera oficial.

La noche del domingo, Martínez festejó la “dulce derrota” como un triunfo y Lacalle Pou recién podrá celebrar este viernes, con un acto en la rambla de Montevideo.…  Seguir leyendo »

El retrato de la estrella de K-pop, Goo Hara, rodeada de flores un homenaje en un hospital de Seúl el 25 de noviembre de 2019. (strella de K-pop, Goo Hara, rodeada de flores un homenaje en un hospital de Seúl el 25 de noviembre de 2019. Foto de STR/Dong-A Ilbo/AFP vía Getty Images)

En Corea del Sur, la muerte de la estrella del K-pop Goo Hara está reabasteciendo la ira contra los delitos sexuales contra las mujeres, y la percepción generalizada de que las fuerzas del orden público no han logrado abordar el problema de manera efectiva.

El domingo Goo, de 28 años, exmiembro del grupo femenino Kara, fue encontrada muerta en su casa de Seúl. La policía aún no ha comentado sobre la causa de la muerte, pero se informó que Goo había sido hospitalizada a principios de este año por un supuesto intento de suicidio, en medio de un escándalo que desató un torrente de abusos.…  Seguir leyendo »