The Washington Post

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados a partir del 1 de Julio de 2008.

El 16 de mayo, el presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, recurrió a Twitter para regañar de nuevo a México. Le llamó la atención un reportaje de Judicial Watch, una de sus fuentes predilectas de opinión conservadora y teorías de conspiración. Las autoridades habían descubierto un túnel que iniciaba en Tijuana y terminaba en una bodega en San Diego, California, en donde agentes confiscaron drogas con valor de más de 30 millones de dólares y arrestaron a un sospechoso. Trump tuiteó: “¡México debe controlar este problema enorme!”.

Si bien desde hace tiempo los túneles que cruzan la frontera han sido motivo de alerta, no se trata de “un problema enorme”.…  Seguir leyendo »

Jimmy Centeno y su hermana Dolores Centeno sostienen una fotografía de su padre, Cerafin Centeno, cuyo cuerpo no han podido encontrar desde que murió hace dos meses por COVID-19, en Guayaquil, Ecuador. La imagen es del 19 de mayo de 2020. (Santiago Arcos)

Cuando turistas de México, China y Gran Bretaña resultaron ser las primeras víctimas del COVID-19 en Cusco, Perú, parecía que la antigua capital del Imperio Inca estaba condenada a sufrir un brote considerable.

Enclavada en un pintoresco valle andino, la ciudad de gran altitud y 420,000 habitantes, puerta de entrada a la ciudadela de Machu Picchu, recibe a más de tres millones de visitantes internacionales al año, muchos de ellos procedentes de áreas activas de la pandemia como Estados Unidos, Italia y España.

Sin embargo, desde esas tres muertes, acaecidas entre el 23 de marzo y el 3 de abril —al inicio de la estricta cuarentena nacional— hasta el 31 de mayo se había registrado ningún otro fallecimiento por COVID-19 en toda la región de Cusco, incluso cuando la enfermedad se ha cobrado más de 4,000 vidas a nivel nacional.…  Seguir leyendo »

What motivates voters in Africa? How do ordinary people see their place in the world, their ability to enact change, and the role that political participation might play in changing their personal well-being, that of their community, and that of the nation? Where do they get these ideas, and who is capable of changing them?

In their new book, “From Pews to Politics: Religious Sermons and Political Participation in Africa,” Rachel Beatty Riedl and Gwyneth H. McClendon consider these questions, using a unique frame: religious affiliation and belief. Through a methodologically sophisticated and empirically rich study, the authors build a case that religious beliefs shape political behavior in profound, if sometimes subtle, ways.…  Seguir leyendo »

People hold candles as they gather to commemorate the 31st anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown, in Hong Kong on Thursday, defying a unprecedented ban on congregating. (Roy Liu/Bloomberg News)

Thirty-one years ago, the Chinese government massacred thousands of pro-democracy protesters in Beijing, but the international community moved on in relatively short order. Today, this same regime is killing the freedom of 8 million people in Hong Kong. The survivors of the Tiananmen Square massacre are warning the world not to repeat the mistakes it made in 1989.

On June 4, 1989, Chinese troops imported from outside the Beijing region slaughtered protesters petitioning for reforms as the world watched in horror. The following day, then-British Ambassador Sir Alan Donald penned a secret cable back to London estimating 10,000 innocent civilians had been murdered and detailing gross atrocities, including crowds of people run over by tanks and their “remains incinerated and then hosed down drains.”…  Seguir leyendo »

Un grupo de personas esperan para entrar a un mercado en La Habana, Cuba, el 1 de junio de 2020. (Ernesto Mastrascusa/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

En una publicación en Facebook que después se hizo noticia, Marlon García contó que, a las 2:00 am, llegó al mercado de Camagüey y Vento, en La Habana, para hacer compras. Preguntó quién era la última persona en la fila y se colocó detrás. Mientras corrían las horas, cientos de personas fueron amontonándose en el lugar. Cuando salió el sol un gentío impresionante, sin dormir y sin ni siquiera saber cuáles productos estarían en venta, abarrotaba los alrededores del mercado esperando a que abriera sus puertas. A las 11:30 am, Marlon logró entrar, pero encontró la mayoría de las estanterías vacías y los dependientes le informaron que los pocos productos que podía adquirir tenían restringida su venta, con el fin de que la mayor cantidad de clientes alcanzara alguna mercancía.…  Seguir leyendo »

Csaba Pal Szabo, director of a state-financed Trianon Museum, shows a poster during an interview with AFP journalists on May 25 in Szeged, Hungary. (Attila Kisbenedek/AFP/Getty Images)

Outsiders might be surprised to hear that some Hungarians mourn the loss of empire — Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban first among them. On Thursday, he will unveil a Memorial of National Unity that includes the names of 12,000 historic municipalities “torn from their homeland” following the signing of the Treaty of Trianon, which formally ended the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary 100 years ago. The commemoration ceremony will be merely the latest installment of Orban’s long-running manipulation of history for the sake of his own political agenda and continuation of power.

In the wake of World War I, the victorious Allies imposed harsh punishments on the Central Powers.…  Seguir leyendo »

Personas indígenas cambian sus artesanías por comida en la Ciudad de México, el 5 de mayo de 2020. Muchas comunidades están en crisis por la cuarentena del COVID (Sashenka Gutierrez/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

En México nos incomoda hablar de nuestro racismo. Nos gusta resguardarnos en la creencia de que, gracias al mestizaje, todos somos iguales y de que, si acaso, nuestra sociedad solo es clasista (como si eso nos debiera dejar más tranquilos). Sin embargo, aunque biológica y científicamente no exista ningún sustento para hablar de razas humanas, en nuestro país sí existe el racismo como prejuicio y como un proceso de exclusión social de grupos que encuentran dificultades y obstáculos para ejercer sus derechos.

Según el informe publicado por Oxfam México Por mi raza hablará la desigualdad, las características étnico-raciales (principalmente los tonos de piel oscuros, hablar una lengua indígena y/o autodefinirse como parte de un pueblo indígena o afrodescendiente) tienen efectos en las ocupaciones, el ingreso y los niveles educativos de las personas.…  Seguir leyendo »

Donald Trump y Mike Pence, presidente y vicepresidente de los Estados Unidos, afirmaron que el COVID-19 fue diseñado en un laboratorio de Wuhan, en China. En revancha, Zhao Lijian, vocero del ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores del gobierno chino, aseguró que los responsables de llevar el contagio a Wuhan son militares estadounidenses que asistieron a un evento deportivo mundial en octubre del año pasado.

No hay experto de la comunidad científica que defienda estas teorías, pero tampoco hay quien sepa decir, a ciencia cierta, de dónde proviene este coronavirus. La hipótesis del murciélago es sólo una de tantas, lo mismo que aquella que propone al pangolín como la primera fuente del contagio.…  Seguir leyendo »

On May 13, the Chinese Embassy in Brasilia wrote to Brazil’s congress, recommending the body’s silence on the reelection of Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen — essentially demanding adherence to the “One China” policy. But later that month, a Brazilian congressman leaked the letter on Twitter, rebuking what he called an “affront” and congratulating Tsai on her victory. Brazilian netizens responded angrily, starting a “VivaTaiwan” campaign on social media and accusing the Chinese Communist Party of infringing on their country’s sovereignty.

This episode may come as a surprise to many, given that China has for years promised noninterference in its partners’ affairs.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tourists take photos of the Potala Palace beneath a security camera in Lhasa, capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, on Sept. 19, 2015. (Aritz Parra/AP)

Last week, China’s National People’s Congress set in motion new, restrictive legislation for Hong Kong. Activists in Hong Kong have already dubbed this move as the final nail in the coffin of the Basic Law, which guaranteed the people of Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy to govern their own affairs.

Beijing has previously made promises of autonomy in other restive regions — like Tibet. Grasping how Chinese leaders have repeatedly offered Tibetan autonomy, only to rescind it, reveals what the future might hold for Hong Kong.

China annexed Tibet in 1951

Following a brief military campaign in Tibet, in 1951 Mao Zedong promised the rooftop of the world the right to self-governance — if Tibet in return accepted it would become a part of the newly founded People’s Republic of China.…  Seguir leyendo »

In early May, Chinese and Indian troops got into a fistfight on their border at Naku La Pass adjacent to the Indian state of Sikkim. A few days earlier, a brawl among border guards at Pangong Lake sent troops to the hospital. In recent weeks, Chinese soldiers also crossed the “line of actual control” (LAC) around the Galwan River valley.

Here’s what we know — and don’t know — about China’s recent actions in this long-standing territorial dispute.

1. China hasn’t taken this type of action in at least a decade

The territorial dispute along the China-India border falls across three different areas.…  Seguir leyendo »

La salida del confinamiento por el coronavirus será la decisión política más trascendente de los gobiernos en estas semanas. Una salida apresurada puede aumentar el sufrimiento, el número de fallecidos y aplazar la recuperación económica.

La región de América Latina y el Caribe tiene una ventaja: se encuentra por detrás de la curva de contagio de la mayoría de los países más desarrollados, donde el COVID-19 ha pegado primero, de cuyos aciertos y errores podemos aprender.

Sin embargo, esta situación también presenta retos. Lo que funciona en China no necesariamente puede funcionar en Chile, y las lecciones de Alemania pueden resultar contraproducentes para la realidad argentina.…  Seguir leyendo »

El teléfono celular es el dispositivo más íntimo en la historia de la humanidad. Raramente nos separamos a más de un metro de él, es la primera cosa que vemos al despertar y la última que consultamos antes de ir a dormir. Bajo la premisa de “tú estás dónde está tu celular” nació la estrategia de espionaje de los IMSI Catchers, que simulan ser antenas convencionales a las cuales nuestro celular se conecta para conseguir señal de llamada y datos.

Una vez conectado un IMSI Catcher, el sistema tiene la capacidad de identificar la tarjeta SIM, escuchar las llamadas telefónicas, ver a qué páginas de internet te conectas y ubicar si estás dentro del radio de acción de la antena.…  Seguir leyendo »

Inmates are lined up during a security operation at the Izalco prison in San Salvador on April 25. (El Salvador Presidential Press Office/AP)

In Brazil, drug traffickers are imposing and enforcing curfews in some of Rio de Janeiro’s favelas. In El Salvador, the three main gangs have threatened to punish those who do not respect the state curfew. They’re not alone. Since the beginning of the novel coronavirus pandemic, criminal organizations around the world have supplemented governments’ responses to limit the spread of the virus.

My research on public order and violence in El Salvador shows that in marginalized communities controlled by criminal gangs, gangs are uniquely positioned to enforce stay-at-home orders and curfews.

How local gangs came to control territory in El Salvador

After El Salvador’s civil war ended in 1992, local gangs spread in low-income and marginalized urban communities.…  Seguir leyendo »

U.S.-China relations sank further last week, as President Trump announced retaliatory moves in response to China’s new national security law for Hong Kong. Coincidentally, Friday was the 15th anniversary of China’s anti-secession law — and a senior defense official in Beijing vowed to “smash” any possibility of Taiwan independence.

Reunification with Taiwan has been a hot topic on Chinese social media, as retired military leaders and other commentators have clamored for Beijing to take the island by force. The faltering U.S. response to covid-19 is one apparent trigger, resulting in nationalistic calls in China to exploit the opportunity to reunify with Taiwan by force.…  Seguir leyendo »

Will governments around the world use the pandemic to grab more power and override individual rights? Many scholars, pundits and journalists have been asking that question. Public opinion polls suggest that most Americans, and many others around the globe, currently accept the public health orders that restrict their movements and businesses. However, such acceptance is premised on the belief that such restrictions will end at some point. As policymakers begin to discuss reopening plans and some countries begin to declare victory over covid-19, will they restore the rights they’ve limited?

That depends in part on whether the emergency orders include a sunset provision — and whether nations have active and independent civil societies that are ready to hold governments to account.…  Seguir leyendo »

Nearly three months into its coronavirus lockdown, India is continuing its transformation into one of the world’s most dangerous places to be a journalist.

While Prime Minister Narendra Modi didn’t quite manage to pass legislation completely banning independent coverage at the outset of the pandemic, the journalistic climate has been steadily deteriorating regardless.

Small media outlets are suffering financially. Restrictions on movement prevent reporters from getting to the story. And any journalists who dare to question the Modi government’s official line face threats and intimidation. All this is eroding what was once one of the world’s most vibrant media landscapes.

While online attacks against prominent and critical voices with large social media followings have received growing international attention, other journalists working in remote corners of the country, who routinely face threats on their lives, get far less publicity.…  Seguir leyendo »

La pandemia del coronavirus ha aumentado drásticamente la violencia de género al interior de los hogares en México, lo cual ha sido negado por el gobierno federal —incluido el presidente Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO)— pese a que las cifras oficiales señalan lo contrario. Esta negación de la violencia se refleja en la última campaña publicitaria gubernamental llamada “Cuenta hasta 10”.

En ella, se pide a las personas “contar hasta 10” para tranquilizarse ante una situación de enojo al interior de los hogares. La campaña carece de perspectiva de género: busca hablar de “bienestar familiar” y se desdibuja por completo a las mujeres como las víctimas de la violencia.…  Seguir leyendo »

There was a moment, five days before 2014’s historic vote on Scottish independence, when the contest came alive. Electrified by an opinion poll that put the rival camps neck-and-neck, supporters of both sides poured onto the streets in a deluge of democratic fervor. A carnival atmosphere engulfed Glasgow, Scotland’s largest city, as activists made their final, thunderous push for victory. The referendum was clinched, days later, by the unionists.

Today, my hometown feels a little different. Buchanan Street — the onetime epicenter of “IndyRef” activism — is shuttered and silent. The periodic protests against London rule have ceased. Scotland, like much of the world, is confined by covid-19.…  Seguir leyendo »

Municipal health worker Mauro Pereira Rodrigues is seen after taking samples from Francisco Maia da Silva, who died at the age of 75 after reporting symptoms consistent with covid-19, in Manaus, Brazil, on Wednesday. (Bruno Kelly/Reuters)

In much of the developed world, the coronavirus curve is slowly flattening, but this obscures a tragic reality — the second phase of the crisis has begun as the novel virus spreads to the developing world. Ten of the top 12 countries with the largest number of new confirmed infections are now from the ranks of emerging economies, led by Brazil, Russia, India, Peru and Chile. The resulting devastation would likely reverse years, if not decades, of economic progress.

For a while, it appeared that the developing world was being spared the worst of the pandemic. As of April 30, with 84 percent of the world’s population, low-income and middle-income countries were home to just 14 percent of the world’s known covid-19 deaths, according to a Brookings Institution report.…  Seguir leyendo »