The Washington Post

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados a partir del 1 de Julio de 2008.

Dachelys Valdés, psicóloga cubana, y Hope Bastian, antropóloga estadounidense, se enamoraron en Cuba. Pero cuando decidieron casarse, en 2017, tuvieron que viajar a la Florida para concretar su matrimonio, pues en la isla aún no está permitida la unión legal entre personas del mismo sexo. La pareja vive en La Habana y quiso tener un bebé en 2018. Sin embargo, en el país los tratamientos de fertilidad no son aplicados a las relaciones de dos mujeres. De nuevo, ambas viajaron a la Florida para que Hope fuese inseminada artificialmente por medio de la fertilización in vitro. Así nació Paulo, y tanto Bastian como Valdés quedaron registradas en el certificado de nacimiento en Estados Unidos como sus madres.…  Seguir leyendo »

It has been one year since India revoked the semiautonomous status of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir state and placed the region under a complete communication blackout and military siege, and detained thousands of Kashmiris.

One year later, the fears that the Hindu-nationalist government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi will accelerate an existing settler-colonial project that aims to alter the demographics of the Muslim-majority disputed region have materialized.

India’s long-standing war crimes in Kashmir— ranging from extrajudicial killings, home demolitions, rapes, use of human shields, arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, mass blindings and torture, to name a few — have been well documented, and endured by a population that has been denied its right to self-determination for more than 72 years.…  Seguir leyendo »

Banners with the images of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, Lord Ram and Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath on the eve before the groundbreaking ceremony of the proposed Ram Temple in Ayodhya. (Sanjay Kanojia/AFP via Getty Images)

On Wednesday, images and renderings of the Grand Ram Temple — which will be built on the the site of the Babri Masjid, an important mosque in Uttar Pradesh state demolished by right-wing Hindu nationalists— will be beamed across giant billboards in Times Square by a U.S. organization to mark the groundbreaking ceremony for the temple’s construction, which will feature Prime Minister Narendra Modi laying silver bricks as the foundation.

Wednesday is also the anniversary of India’s decision to revoke the special autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir, the Muslim-majority state where 7 million people have been living under a brutal military occupation and Internet blackout.…  Seguir leyendo »

How does online activity break down by age group? Nearly all Polish young adults use the Internet compared to less than 40 percent of seniors. Note: No data available for ages 75 and above.

On July 12, Polish President Andrzej Duda won reelection in the closest election since the fall of communism in 1989. Turnout was higher than usual at 68 percent, despite the pandemic. One probable reason for Duda’s victory is his ability to win over voters in rural areas, and voters over age 60 regardless of place of residence, by nearly a two to one margin.

While Poland’s rural areas and older population tend to be more conservative, these voting trends also overlap with Poland’s digital divide, which spans two key electoral demographics — age and urbanization. Like other countries, Poland’s senior citizens are less likely to use the Internet than younger voters.…  Seguir leyendo »

The ongoing coronavirus pandemic already has contributed to the deterioration of democracy in multiple countries, including Hungary, Israel, India, the Philippines and Brazil. Leaders have used the excuse of a health emergency to centralize power and reduce democratic freedoms.

But what about the longer-term impact on democracy? Our research points to the causal pathways that can lead to the breakdown of democracy — as a result of the global economic fallout from the pandemic. In many countries, the economic crisis is likely to generate additional income inequality and reduce social mobility — which in turn can increase people’s support for authoritarian values and reduce access to political representation.…  Seguir leyendo »

A year ago, India eliminated the semi-autonomy provisions of Jammu and Kashmir, the country’s sole Muslim-majority state and a region disputed by Pakistan, a move that analysts anticipated would ripple across the region.

The Indian government scrapped the constitutional provisions of autonomy in Article 370 and 35A, dissolved Kashmir’s state assembly and split the region into two union territories. The government also surged paramilitary troops, instituted months of communications blackouts and curfews, and detained thousands of political leaders.

India’s leaders contend these measures were needed to clean up the “mess” of Kashmir and dismantle a system they claimed fostered separatism, radicalization, militancy, corruption and underdevelopment.…  Seguir leyendo »

La misma crisis de salud global que está fomentando el resurgimiento de gobiernos autoritarios por todo el mundo, cobró la vida de tres periodistas encarcelados el mes pasado.

Mohamed Monir en Egipto, David Romero en Honduras y Azimjon Askarov en Kirguistán vinieron de diferentes lugares del mundo. Sin embargo, cada uno pasó su vida expresando su desacuerdo y crítica en lugares donde hacer eso significó un gran riesgo personal.

Sus muertes evitables reafirman el hecho de que no existe otro evento o tendencia política en memoria reciente que haya sido más destructivo para la libertad de prensa que la pandemia del COVID-19.…  Seguir leyendo »

A woman handcuffs herself to a fence while holding a copy of the Constitution of the Russian Federation during a rally supporting the Khabarovsk region's governor, Sergei Furgal, in St. Petersburg, Russia, on Aug. 1. (Dmitri Lovetsky/AP)

Russian politics has always been made in the capitals. Even though the country spans 11 time zones from Eastern Europe to northeast Asia, St. Petersburg and Moscow were the starting points of the three Russian revolutions in the early 20th century — as well as the fourth at the end of it. In August 1991, some remote regions learned about the start of the attempted coup d’état in Moscow only after it had already been defeated.

In the 21st century, this capital-centrism no longer seems to hold true. Whatever the reasons — the nature of modern communications surely being chief among them — Russian politics is becoming truly national.…  Seguir leyendo »

To reboot economies in recession after pandemic-related lockdowns and disruptions, governments around the world are planning ambitious recovery packages. Many environmental groups want these plans to include climate conditionalities — and fund sustainability, not just unemployment assistance, infrastructure spending, industry bailouts and regulatory relief. The $825 million European Union proposal includes these features, while the U.S. package seems to favor oil and gas industries over renewable energy sectors in terms of bailouts, tax relief and regulatory rollbacks.

How climate-friendly is China’s coronavirus recovery package? One analysis of Group of 20 countries’ committed public finance places China near the top in terms of funding for clean energy vs.…  Seguir leyendo »

It’s a “scandal,” according to U.N. Secretary General António Guterres. Many more say it’s a mess. It’s also a critical battlefield for the future of the Arab world, according to engaged capitals.

It’s Libya.

The 2011 international military intervention in Libya was about being on the right side of history, just as the Arab Spring was supposed to bring a new and bright democratic future to the entire region. The Paris of Nicolas Sarkozy, followed by the London of David Cameron, was enthusiastically charging full speed ahead, while the Washington of Barack Obama was relunctantly “leading from behind.” And after half a year of bombing, the bizarre 42-year rule of Col.…  Seguir leyendo »

On Monday, the Democratic Platform Drafting Committee debated and voted on the party’s 2020 platform, which outlines the party’s ideals and plans for the country over the next four years. As Palestinian-Americans and delegates to the Democratic National Convention, we are deeply dismayed that the language on Israel-Palestine once again ignores reality and basic Palestinian rights, and falls far short of a fair and just policy and the stated values of the party. We are further disappointed and disheartened by a drafting and voting process that was anything but open, inclusive and democratic.

As in 2016, this year the DNC again refused to acknowledge the fundamental reality that millions of Palestinians have lived under brutal Israeli military rule for more than 53 years, omitting any reference to Israel’s “occupation” of Palestinian lands.…  Seguir leyendo »

Supporters of presidential candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaya attend her campaign rally in the town of Maladzechna, about 40 miles northwest of Minsk, on Friday. (Sergei Gapon/AFP/Getty Images)

Suddenly facing an invigorated opposition in the run-up to presidential elections on Aug. 9, Belarus’s longtime leader Alexander Lukashenko needed to pull a rabbit out of his hat. How convenient that he has just uncovered a “conspiracy” against him and the country, this one coming from Russia.

On Wednesday, Belarusan authorities announced a criminal investigation against 33 employees of Wagner PMC, a Russian security contractor involved in nefarious activities in places such as Ukraine, Syria and Libya. A unit of the Belarusan KGB — yes, they still call it the KGB — arrested the Russians in a sanatorium near Minsk, the Belarusan capital.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una manifestación tras la muerte de George Floyd, el 2 de junio de 2020, en Miami. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)

Como hija de refugiados cubanos, fui criada para oponerme a la opresión y defender la libertad. Pero cuando el movimiento Black Lives Matter pasó rugiendo por el Sur de Florida, pidiéndonos que aboliéramos el racismo sistémico y la brutalidad policial, me tomó por sorpresa. No me había dado cuenta de las sutiles maneras en las que el racismo se desarrolla en Miami, mi ciudad natal, un lugar dominado por una mayoría absoluta de latinos blancos. Somos una comunidad construida por personas que han huido del despotismo en nuestros países de origen y, sin embargo, hemos ignorado las injusticias en los vecindarios negros que están a unos pocos kilómetros de aquí.…  Seguir leyendo »

Musician-turned-politician Robert Kyagulanyi, also known as Bobi Wine, at a news conference in Kampala, Uganda, on June 15, about the government handling of the coronavirus pandemic. (Abubaker Lubowa/Reuters)

Last week, Zimbabwean security agents raided Hopewell Chin’ono’s home, arresting the journalist for allegedly “inciting public violence.” Chin’ono’s reporting uncovered corruption in the government’s pandemic response and led to the ousting of the health minister over allegations of contract fraud. Security forces also arrested opposition politician Jacob Ngarivhume and more than 100,000 others, charging them with violating coronavirus-related regulations.

While the scale of the repression in Zimbabwe captured the attention of advocacy groups such as Amnesty International and the U.S. Embassy, it’s not the only country undertaking politically motivated crackdowns in the name of public health. For autocrats, the coronavirus has lowered the cost of repression by allowing them to justify actions as necessary responses to the crisis.…  Seguir leyendo »

Algunas negociaciones se parecen a un baile de tango. La coreografía empieza con un movimiento en el que una de las partes avanza tres firmes pasos al mismo tiempo que su partenaire retrocede. Si hablamos de la danza esta tensión describe un juego sensual de atracciones, pero cuando hablamos de negociaciones, la música se apaga y la escena se parece más a una disputa con ceños fruncidos. Esto es lo que pasa hoy entre Argentina y sus acreedores externos quienes desde comienzos de este año iniciaron las conversaciones para resolver de qué manera el país pagaría alrededor de 66,000 millones de dólares de su deuda externa.…  Seguir leyendo »

The human rights activist Azimjon Askarov during a courtroom hearing in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, in 2016. (Vladimir Voronin/AP file)

Azimjon Askarov, a human rights defender from Kyrgyzstan, may have died in prison on Saturday after contracting pneumonia, but it really was the cruel human rights abuses that ultimately got him. Prison officials confirmed the cause of death, but we must be very clear: What killed Askarov was 10 years of human rights violations compounded by cowardice, cruelty and negligence on the part of Kyrgyz authorities.

Askarov, a member of the ethnic Uzbek minority in Kyrgyzstan, was 69 years old. Before he was jailed, he documented and reported on police abuse of detainees and prison conditions in his hometown of Bazar-Korgon, in southern Kyrgyzstan.…  Seguir leyendo »

A kangaroo roots through charred ground in search of food on Kangaroo Island in South Australia in January. (Ricky Carioti/The Washington Post)

In the Australian bush southwest of Sydney, a wedge-tailed eagle is gliding over the paddocks. He’s on the hunt for prey. Watch a “wedgie” for long enough and you’ll see them suddenly swoop, dive-bombing toward the ground, before lifting aloft a rabbit, wallaby or small kangaroo.

There’s no sign of that today. Today, he circles, looping over hillsides filled with blackened trees. There’s no prey to find.

We’re on Tallygang Mountain Road, in an area called Wombeyan Caves. The bushfires swept through this part of Australia in early January, during a fire season which consumed more than 12.6 million hectares (about 50,000 square miles) of bush, mainly in the country’s eastern states.…  Seguir leyendo »

Turkey’s parliament on July 29 passed legislation effectively banning Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube — unless they comply with government censorship. Under the new rules, expected to take effect on Oct. 1, every major social media platform will need to appoint a local representative in Turkey and respond quickly to court orders to block or remove content. Companies that fail to designate a representative could face hefty fines and see their bandwidth cut by up to 90 percent.

The new law intensifies President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s push to control the media. Other governments have restricted Internet freedom amid the pandemic, whether to combat harmful misinformation, or clamp down on their critics.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Syrian soldier films the damage to the Syrian Scientific Research Center in Barzeh, near Damascus, Syria, on April 14, 2018. The site was attacked by U.S., British and French military strikes to punish President Bashar al-Assad for suspected chemical attacks against civilians. (Hassan Ammar/AP)

A chemical weapons confrontation is escalating in Syria, after an international watchdog agency concluded this month that Damascus used chemical weapons, lied to investigators and violated its commitment to dismantle its chemical weapons arsenal. Syria has 90 days to respond — or face a referral to the U.N. Security Council for possible punishment.

Since 2013, the independent Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), often in coordination with experts from the United Nations, has led efforts to collect evidence on the use of toxic gas on civilian targets in Syria. Most recently, the OPCW’s Investigation and Identification Team concluded that the Syrian government was responsible for the use of chemical weapons in March 2017, and thus lied about dismantling its entire stockpile.…  Seguir leyendo »

In a 5-to-4 ruling in McGirt v. Oklahoma earlier this month, the Supreme Court delivered a decisive legal victory for Native Americans. In a rare move, the court upheld an 1866 treaty between the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and the United States, a treaty that had established the Muscogee Nation’s geographic borders. The court’s decision means that much of eastern Oklahoma remains Indian land today, blocking state authorities from prosecuting First Nations individuals within the boundaries of the Muscogee Nation.

But the win may prove ephemeral. Congress could get back in the game and remold the boundaries of the Muscogee Nation.

Here are three takeaways from this landmark case.…  Seguir leyendo »