The Washington Post

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados a partir del 1 de Marzo de 2008.

Un manifestante gesticula luego de prender fuego a una oficina del edificio del Congreso durante una protesta en Ciudad de Guatemala, el 21 de noviembre de 2020. (Johan ORDONEZ / AFP)

En diversas ciudades de Guatemala, miles salieron el sábado 21 a las calles a protestar. En su mayoría lo hicieron de forma pacífica, pero un incendio en un ala del Congreso, en la capital, desató una represión policial indiscriminada, y grupos de manifestantes respondieron con enfrentamientos esporádicos y tensión constante.

El día terminó con 22 heridos y dos jóvenes perdieron un ojo por bombas lacrimógenas de la Policía. Hubo 37 detenidos, de los cuales al parecer todos menos uno están en libertad, porque la Fiscalía no pudo acreditar ningún delito. De haberse aprobado ya una propuesta del ley del Ejecutivo, podrían haberlos acusado de terrorismo.…  Seguir leyendo »

La máscara de una mujer está cubierta con la frase: "Basta de matar", durante una protesta contra la violencia de género en Buenos Aires, Argentina, el lunes 3 de junio de 2019. (Natacha Pisarenko/AP Photo)

La caza de brujas de ayer es la persecución penal de la justicia patriarcal de hoy. Ya no ardemos en el fuego, ni somos mutiladas, pero el encierro es un castigo y un disciplinamiento ampliamente tolerado que pesa con mayor fuerza sobre determinados cuerpos e historias de mujeres, ya sean heterosexuales, lesbianas, y/o trans. ¿Cuántas inocentes, en este mismo momento, están presas o son perseguidas por abortar, por eventos obstétricos o por no cumplir con los mandatos imposibles de la maternidad? ¿Cuántas son juzgadas bajo prejuicios de género por defenderse de un abusador o de una violación? No lo sabemos. Conocemos estas historias de detenidas inocentes cuando los feminismos acompañan su visibilización, pero no tenemos una dimensión real.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ethiopian refugees fleeing from the ongoing fighting in the Tigray region wait for food at the Um-Rakoba camp on the Sudan-Ethiopia border, in Al-Qadarif state, Sudan, on Nov. 23. (Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah/Reuters)

In early November, Ethiopia’s federal government launched a military offensive in the country’s Tigray region. Why would leaders declare war on their own people? Could the violence potentially spread to other countries?

How the conflict started

The Ethiopian state is structured according to the principle of ethnic federalism, with nine regional ethnic states and two federally administered city-states. The northern Tigray region is inhabited by ethnic Tigrayans, and it is ruled by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). The TPLF was the dominant faction in the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a multiethnic, four-party coalition that ruled the country for almost 30 years before Abiy Ahmed became prime minister in 2018.…  Seguir leyendo »

People observe a minute of silence for those who died in recent street protests on Nov. 21 in Lima, Peru. (Sebastian Castaneda/Reuters)

In Peru, an unprecedented political crisis has unfolded quickly in the midst of rising death tolls and widespread economic damage from the coronavirus pandemic. On Nov. 9, 80 percent of the Peruvian Congress voted to oust President Martín Vizcarra for alleged corruption. Congressional Speaker Manuel Merino became interim president on Nov. 10.

The move was deeply unpopular: An opinion poll released by the nonpartisan think tank IEP on Nov. 18 showed 77 percent of Peruvians approved of Vizcarra and 91 percent rejected his removal.

Thousands of young Peruvians across the country turned out to protest a government they considered unlawful and illegitimate.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una calle cubierta de barro y escombros dejados por el Huracán Iota en la Colonia Celeo Gonzales, el 21 de noviembre de 2020, en San Pedro Sula, Honduras. (Yoseph Amaya/Getty Images)

“En enero agarramos viaje”. La frase se escucha en colonias del norte de Honduras, la zona más golpeada por los huracanes Eta y Iota en las últimas semanas. El desastre natural se ceba con un país y una región desoladas. A la violencia, la pobreza y la ineficiencia del Estado se le une la devastación: casas, campos y fábricas anegadas. Cuando el agua baje y emerjan las infraestructuras precarias, muchas de las familias desplazadas no tendrán lugar alguno al que regresar.

Esto se une a la larga lista de razones para migrar. Hasta ahora, los que marchaban con destino a Estados Unidos, a través de México, lo hacían por dos motivos principales: la violencia y la pobreza.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una persona fuma marihuana durante una manifestación a favor de la legalización y regulación de las drogas, en Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, el 19 de noviembre de 2020. (Francisco Guasco/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

En 1914 Estados Unidos prohibió la cocaína y los opiáceos. En los años 30, recién derogada la Ley Seca, criminalizó la marihuana. En 1971 el entonces presidente Richard Nixon declaró a las drogas “el enemigo público número uno”. La década siguiente, el presidente Ronald Reagan enarboló el mensaje de que eran una amenaza para la seguridad nacional. Durante el último siglo el prohibicionismo estadounidense se convirtió en la guía para tratados internacionales y políticas internas de casi todo el mundo. Ahora la mayoría de los habitantes del país que inició la guerra contra las drogas vive bajo leyes que regulan algún tipo de uso de la marihuana.…  Seguir leyendo »

Former Moldovan prime minister Maia Sandu arrives to vote in the runoff presidential election in Chisinau on Nov. 15. Sandu defeated President Igor Dodon in an election that many Moldovans considered a referendum on two divergent visions for the future of this small Eastern European nation. (Roveliu Buga/AP)

The Republic of Moldova, a tiny nation sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine, held its second-round presidential elections on Nov. 15. The voters ousted the incumbent pro-Russian president, Igor Dodon, electing Maia Sandu, the pro-Western, Harvard-educated former prime minister.

Sandu will become the first female president of this former Soviet republic, population 3.5 million. What shaped her victory, and what does it mean? Here’s what you need to know.

Moldova has deep political divisions

Disagreements about three big issues have shaped Moldova’s politics in recent years — and corruption topped the list. Sandu organized an anti-corruption movement that opposed the oligarchic rule of Vladimir Plahotniuc, a businessman who completely captured the state until he was ousted in 2019 — following the joint political intervention by the United States, the European Union and Russia.…  Seguir leyendo »

A woman walks by a street mural in Tehran on Nov. 8. (Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

After Jan. 20, what will happen to U.S. policy on Iran? On the campaign trail, Joe Biden said he would return the United States to the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran so long as Tehran does the same. Iran has made a mirror-image pledge to roll back its nuclear program and return to compliance once Washington lifts sanctions.

In theory, then, returning to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) — the 2015 Iran nuclear deal signed by China, France, Germany, Iran, the United Kingdom, the United States and Russia — should be straightforward. Biden could make that decision on his first day in office.…  Seguir leyendo »

Kosovo’s former president Hashim Thaci stepped down this month to face war crimes charges in The Hague. Thaci, a former high-ranking member of the Kosovo Liberation Army that fought against Serbia in the 1990s, was indicted by the Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office (KSC & SPO), an unusual criminal court with a unique institutional setup.

Established through a constitutional amendment and parliamentary legislation, the KSC & SPO is part of Kosovo’s domestic court system. At the same time, it is heavily internationalized. Created in conjunction with the European Union and based in the Netherlands, the court is staffed by international judges and prosecutors and applies both Kosovar laws and international customary and human rights law when making its decisions.…  Seguir leyendo »

La pandemia

El 20 de marzo pasado, Argentina entró en una cuarentena a nivel nacional por disposición del gobierno debido a la pandemia por COVID-19. El “aislamiento social, preventivo y obligatorio”, que estableció la cuarentena, debía durar hasta el 31 de ese mes. No fue sino hasta el 6 de noviembre, que el gobierno anunció el fin de la cuarentena en el área metropolitana de Buenos Aires, aunque restricciones de movimiento continúan en algunas provincias.

Esta ha sido una de las cuarentenas más largas del mundo, y sus resultados no han sido muy exitosos. Uno de esos lamentables resultados ha sido la violencia policial que se ha registrado desde que las medidas de confinamiento se implementaron en el país.…  Seguir leyendo »

El rapero cubano Denis Solís, detenido por elementos de la Policía en Cuba, lo cual ha descadenado protestas del gremio artístico. (Cortesía Denis Solís) (Cortesía Denis Solís)

Denis Solís, un joven rapero cubano contestatario, llamó “penco (cobarde) envuelto en uniforme” a un policía que el pasado 7 de noviembre entró a su casa a acosarlo sin su permiso. Filmó el altercado con su celular y colgó el video en sus redes sociales. En un juicio sumarísimo, sin abogado defensor, Solís fue condenado por desacato a ocho meses de privación de libertad.

En Cuba, estos atropellos comunes podían pasar antes sin demasiado escándalo, la máquina represiva solía disfrazar con bastante eficacia sus constantes episodios de injusticia. Pero ese manto, luego de años de resistencia de distintos grupos de oposición política, parece haber sido desgarrado de una vez, para no volver a zurcirse.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Brazilian soldier takes part in a training session on the Oiapoque River, on the border between Brazil and French Guiana, in Oiapoque, Brazil, on Oct. 31. (Joedson Alves/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

This has been a difficult year for people all over the world, with life grinding to a halt and increased economic anxiety. For Brazilians, these challenges have been accompanied by a rise in armed violence and drug arrests, despite lockdown measures in several major cities.

Though Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro ran his 2018 campaign promising strong action on public security, and later boasted that criminals were going to “die in the streets like cockroaches,” he has not found new ways to address urban violence or its social and economic drivers. In fact, the right-wing wave that swept Brazil in the 2018 elections has brought with it remarkably few proposals to tackle what is arguably the country’s most urgent crisis.…  Seguir leyendo »

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro at Planalto Palace in Brasilia on Tuesday. (Evaristo Sa/AFP/Getty Images)

On Sunday, in the midst of a pandemic, Brazil voted to choose city councilors and mayors. The results show a confusing electoral scenario in which the so-called Centrão (Big Center), composed of parties without much ideological alignment, gained ground. Meanwhile, the far right, led by President Jair Bolsonaro, retreated and the left underwent a great internal realignment, with traditional candidacies giving way to younger politicians with identity-based agendas; progressive candidates, especially Black women and LGBT candidates, saw surprising growth.

It is telling that two of the country’s biggest political parties, the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB) and the Workers Party (PT), suffered considerable defeats.…  Seguir leyendo »

Enfermeras con un paciente de COVID-19 de 61 años en el sur de Francia, el 12 de noviembre de 2020. (AP Photo/Daniel Cole)

Aproximadamente por esta fecha, hace un año, los primeros pacientes chinos que se conocen estuvieron expuestos a una nueva mutación del coronavirus causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SRAG). Para diciembre, habían sido hospitalizados en la ciudad de Wuhan la cantidad suficiente de ellos como para atraer la atención de las autoridades sanitarias locales. Para el mes siguiente, el nuevo virus estaba tan extendido que toda la ciudad de 11 millones de habitantes a orillas del gran río Yangtsé ya estaba en cuarentena.

En el espacio de un solo año, el nuevo virus se ha propagado por la mayor parte del mundo, produciendo más de 53 millones de casos identificados de la enfermedad de múltiples síntomas conocida como COVID-19.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un grupo de manifestantes se reúne en la plaza San Martín, en Lima, Perú, después de que el Congreso designó al nuevo presidente interino, Francisco Sagasti, para dirigir la nación el lunes 16 de noviembre de 2020. (Rodrigo Abd/AP Photo)

El estudiante universitario Bryan Pintado tenía 22 años cuando se despidió de su abuela para protestar contra el gobierno más violento que ha experimentado el Perú desde el fin de la dictadura de Alberto Fujimori. Era el sábado 14 de noviembre y el régimen de Manuel Merino cumplía cuatro días. Las redes sociales eran una galería de imágenes y videos de policías persiguiendo jóvenes, rompiéndoles las cabezas, disparándoles a quemarropa, mientras el Ministro del Interior, el expolicía Gastón Rodríguez, de 54 años, recorría canales de televisión negando las evidencias. Un año antes de su bicentenario el Perú estrenaba otra vez una dictadura.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un grupo de manifestantes se reúne en la plaza San Martín, en Lima, Perú, después de que el Congreso designó al nuevo presidente interino, Francisco Sagasti, para dirigir la nación el lunes 16 de noviembre de 2020. (Rodrigo Abd/AP Photo)

Becoming president of Peru is a highly risky proposition. In the past few years, five presidents have been sentenced to jail; one of them committed suicide in the presence of the police officers sent to arrest him.

Earlier this month, President Martín Vizcarra was impeached for “moral incapacity” (after he was accused and investigated for bribery). Now, the interim president, Manuel Merino — who had served as president of Congress and assumed power after the impeachment vote — has been forced to resign after six days of massive protests by Peruvians who accuse him of being nothing short of a dictator.…  Seguir leyendo »

Peru’s new interim president, Francisco Sagasti, waves to the crowd in Lima on Monday after he was designated by Congress to lead the nation. (Rodrigo Abd/AP)

In just two weeks, Peru’s constitutional crisis has claimed two presidents, and led to widespread social unrest and the deaths of two protesters.

Here is what you need to know.

How the crisis unfolded

Months after a lockdown in March to stem the coronavirus outbreak, Peru now ranks 12th in the world for coronavirus cases. Amid the pandemic, on Nov. 9, Peru’s Congress voted to impeach President Martín Vizcarra on the basis of “moral unfitness.” Over unproven allegations of corruption and in a move spearheaded by the speaker of Congress, Manuel Merino, lawmakers ousted Vizcarra from office.

This was the second time Merino had led an impeachment charge against Vizcarra.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ethiopian migrants who fled intense fighting in their homeland region of Tigray cook a meal in the border reception center of Hamdiyet, in the eastern Sudanese state of Kasala, on Saturday. (Ebrahim Hamid/AFP/Getty Images)

In the early hours of Nov. 4, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed shut down telecommunications and deployed troops to his country’s northern Tigray region. Shortly after, a flurry of new Twitter accounts appeared and began to tweet about the situation. By the following week, new accounts were responsible for nearly a quarter of tweets about the crisis.

On the surface, this is a familiar phenomenon. Some regimes use swarms of automated accounts — known as “bots” — to sway political discourse. However, my analysis of nearly 90,000 recent tweets, along with interviews with Ethiopia’s diaspora, revealed a different phenomenon: There are real people behind most of these new accounts.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ghana's former president Jerry John Rawlings, who staged two coups and later led the West African country's transition to a stable democracy, has died at 73. (Rebecca Blackwell/AP)

Jerry John Rawlings, the leader of Ghana from 1981 to 2001, has died at age 73. Ghana’s president — and Rawlings’s longtime political opponent — Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo noted the former president’s impact on the nation: “A great tree has fallen, and Ghana is poorer for this loss.”

A towering figure in African politics, Rawlings leaves behind a complicated legacy. He was a strongman and a populist. But he carried a moral fervor to root out corruption and bring government closer to the ordinary Ghanaian. He led two coups in Ghana yet also won two multiparty elections — a political résumé that illustrates the tensions underlying Ghana’s democratic system.…  Seguir leyendo »

Russian peacekeepers at the Dadivank, an Armenian Apostolic Church monastery, located in a territory that is soon to be turned over to Azerbaijan under a peace deal that followed the fighting over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, in the Kalbajar district on Sunday. (Stringer/Reuters)

The guns are finally silent in Nagorno-Karabakh, a disputed territory in the South Caucasus between Azerbaijan and Armenia. In late September, the longstanding conflict in the territory re-erupted into a six-week war that left thousands dead.

With local Armenian forces collapsing after a relentless Azerbaijani assault from the air and ground, the warring parties signed a nine-point ceasefire last week. Facilitated by Moscow, the agreement authorized the deployment of Russian peacekeeping forces to the region to establish new borders within the territory.

The implications of these new borders, however, extend well beyond Nagorno-Karabakh. As both sides bury their dead, here are five significant ways the 2020 Karabakh war will change the map of the South Caucasus — and the crucial questions that remain unanswered.…  Seguir leyendo »