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Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados a partir del 1 de diciembre de 2007.

A resident walks through the Evergrande community in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, on Sept. 24. Evergrande, China's largest property developer, is facing a liquidity crisis with total debts of around $300 billion. (Getty Images)

Have you heard about the crisis at Evergrande? After weeks of rumor and speculation, the Chinese real estate developer has finally missed payments on its dollar-denominated bonds. The company is not technically in default yet, but Chinese authorities have asked local governments to start preparing for the firm’s implosion.

Perhaps you are wondering whether we should prepare, too, having read nervous-making headlines about how Evergrande might be China’s “Lehman moment.” But it is unlikely that we will see a local Chinese financial crisis on the scale of 2008, much less that such ills will start skipping from continent to continent.

The bigger risk is that China won’t have the hour of reckoning its economy badly needs.…  Seguir leyendo »

French President Emmanuel Macron and Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull stand on the deck of HMAS Waller, a Collins-class submarine operated by the Royal Australian Navy, in Sydney in 2018. (Brendan Esposito/AFP)

The new AUKUS security partnership led to an immediate diplomatic fallout between France and the United States. But beyond the concerns about NATO and the Western alliance, or questions about great-power competition in the Pacific, some analysts see another worry: Will sharing nuclear submarine propulsion technology with Australia set back the nuclear nonproliferation regime?

What does this deal mean for nonproliferation? Have such transfers of nuclear submarine technology occurred in the past? Here are four things to know.

1. What does the deal involve?

The first major AUKUS initiative will help Australia acquire a conventionally armed submarine fleet that’s powered by nuclear reactors.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tunisian President Kais Saied delivers a speech during his visit to Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia, on Sept. 20. (Slim Abid/Tunisian presidency/AP)

On Sept. 22, Tunisia’s President Kais Saied issued Decision 117 — this effectively establishes a new constitutional order in which the president has granted himself extraordinary power, far in excess of anything Tunisia has experienced in its modern history. Decision 117 places itself above the existing constitutional order and essentially abolishes the entire system of government laid out in Tunisia’s 2014 constitution.

Decision 117 suspends much of the constitution adopted following the 2011 popular uprising against decades of dictatorial rule. This constitution was supposed to usher in a new form of democratic rule reducing the powers of the presidency, with parliament playing a more important role in governing the country.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una persona emite su voto durante las elecciones primarias presidenciales en Santiago, Chile, el domingo 18 de julio de 2021. (Cristobal Olivares/Bloomberg)

La mañana del 21 de septiembre, el candidato presidencial por el Partido de la Gente en Chile, Franco Parisi, dio una entrevista radial que se podría calificar como insólita pero sintomática. Insólita porque el aspirante a La Moneda, también economista, se negó a responder a cada una de las preguntas realizadas por cuatro respetados periodistas sobre situaciones irregulares en las que está involucrado: la deuda de 207 millones de pesos (unos 263,000 dólares) por el no pago de la pensión de alimentos de sus dos hijos mayores, el arraigo nacional que lo obligaría a permanecer en el país, su campaña a distancia cuando faltan apenas dos meses para las elecciones y las acusaciones por acoso sexual cuando era profesor en Texas Tech University, en Estados Unidos.…  Seguir leyendo »

Farmers check on coffee plants destroyed by frost during extremely low temperatures near Caconde, Sao Paulo state, Brazil, on Aug. 25. Extreme weather is slamming crops across the globe, bringing with it the threat of further food inflation at a time costs are already hovering near the highest in a decade and hunger is on the rise. (Jonne Roriz/Bloomberg)

Is “zero hunger” in the world attainable? This week’s U.N. Food Systems Summit hopes to make progress on the U.N.’s Sustainable Development Goal #2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. The virtual summit, held on the sidelines of the annual U.N. General Assembly in New York, will address urgent and perennial food security issues with participants from public, multilateral, private and nonprofit groups working on these challenges.

The last time the international community gathered for a summit of this magnitude was the 1995 World Food Summit in Rome, which pledged to “reduce by half the number of chronically undernourished people on Earth by the year 2015."…  Seguir leyendo »

Google and Apple removed a Russian opposition voting app from their online stores after pressure from Russian lawmakers. (Alastair Pike/AFP via Getty Images)

On Sept. 16, one day before Russia’s parliamentary election got underway, members of the upper house of the Russian parliament summoned representatives of Google and Apple to rebuke them for allegedly “interfering” in the vote. The tech companies’ ostensible offense: allowing users to access a voting assistance app created by supporters of jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny. In the end, both companies buckled and removed the app from their online stores.

Much of the resulting coverage depicted Moscow’s crackdown on the two Silicon Valley platforms as just another part of the government’s broader assault on freedom of expression. But focusing on that aspect, as accurate as it is, risks missing a bigger story.…  Seguir leyendo »

El presidente de México, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (C), junto a líderes y primeros ministros durante la cumbre de la Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños (CELAC), en México, el 18 de septiembre de 2021. (Presidencia de México vía Reuters) (Mexico's Presidency/Via Reuters)

El 18 de septiembre se realizó la sexta cumbre de la Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y del Caribe (CELAC) en Ciudad de México. Fue todo un éxito para exhibir la situación precisa de los vínculos políticos y afectivos entre el Río Bravo y la Paraquaria, y desnudó con rotundidad lo que hace tiempo el escritor Jorge Volpi llamó “la pesadilla de Bolívar”: hoy entre las naciones es central la política del recelo y la polarización.

A México le tocó liderar la CELAC en uno de los momentos más devaluados de la cooperación latinoamericana. Aunque el propósito de Andrés Manuel López Obrador, presidente mexicano y de este organismo durante 2021, hubiera sido atemperar la polaridad del subcontinente, esa misión era prácticamente imposible.…  Seguir leyendo »

A ferry passes by the Royal Australian Navy's Collins-class submarine HMAS Waller as it leaves Sydney Harbour on May 4, 2020. (Reuters Photographer/Reuters)

Culture and tradition matter. The Anglosphere is a real grouping that comprises elements of trust going back decades and centuries. The agreement between the United States, Britain and Australia to build the latter nation eight nuclear-powered submarines effectively erects a core Anglo-Saxon military alliance fitted to a multicultural and globalized world. This is nothing less than the Atlantic Charter finally extended to the Pacific, eight decades later. Just as Britain has served since before World War II as a geopolitical platform for the United States close to mainland Europe, Australia, situated at the confluence of the Pacific and Indian oceans, will now do the same for the Indo-Pacific region close to mainland China.…  Seguir leyendo »

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks via videoconference to the U.N. General Assembly on Sept. 21. (Mary Altaffer/Pool via Reuters)

Anyone who has visited China over the past several decades has heard anguished stories from Chinese friends about the results of Mao Zedong’s social engineering in the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. China spent 40 years recovering from those disasters to become a great, modern nation.

So, I can almost hear the gasps inside China, from the generation that lived through the nightmare years, as President Xi Jinping has moved down a Maoist path this year toward tighter state control of the economy — including “self-criticism” sessions for Chinese business and political leaders whose crime, it seems, was being too successful.…  Seguir leyendo »

Equipos de rescate tras las inundaciones en el municipio de Tula, en el estado de Hidalgo, México, que dejaron personas muertas, heridas y automóviles e infraestructura dañados, el 7 de septiembre de 2021. (REUTERS/Henry Romero)

El 6 de septiembre una inundación en Tula y buena parte del Valle de Mezquital, en el estado mexicano de Hidalgo, mató a 15 personas y afectó a más de 31,000 viviendas. No fue un “fenómeno natural”, como señalan las autoridades, ni un hecho aislado: fue un efecto predecible derivado de un manejo político del drenaje en el Valle de México, donde se ubica la Ciudad de México y su zona conurbada. Este manejo siempre ha privilegiado las zonas céntricas y de mayor plusvalía, mientras se han sacrificado las zonas periféricas y marginadas.

Esa inundación fue una de las más graves en la zona metropolitana, pero no será la última: el 17 de septiembre —solo 11 días después del primer desastre— el río se desbordó nuevamente, lo cual demuestra que se requiere un cambio radical en el manejo del agua.…  Seguir leyendo »

Olaf Scholz, el candidato socialdemócrata a canciller alemán, en Lübeck, Alemania, el 7 de septiembre de 2021. (Axel Heimken/dpa vía AP, File)

Las elecciones de Noruega del 13 de septiembre han dado inicio a una temporada de procesos de votación en todo el mundo que nos dirá mucho sobre la opinión pública después de un año y medio de pandemia. Pero aunque cada país es diferente, los patrones ya son claros: la derecha tradicional está cayendo, mientras que la extrema izquierda y el populismo van en ascenso.

El declive del conservadurismo es evidente en casi todas partes. El gobierno de coalición de centro-derecha de Noruega recibió solo 40% de apoyo en la votación final, casi nueve puntos menos que en 2017. La Unión Demócrata Cristiana (CDU, por su sigla en alemán) de la canciller alemana Angela Merkel va en caída libre: los alemanes ven a su reemplazo propuesto, Armin Laschet, como el menos popular de los líderes de los principales partidos.…  Seguir leyendo »

People attend a performance by Danish band the Minds of 99, on Sept. 11, in Copenhagen. (Olafur Steinar Gestsson/AFP/Getty Images)

On Sept. 10, Danish authorities lifted all pandemic restrictions and pronounced that covid-19 is no longer a “critical threat” in the country. Vaccination rates are high — 86 percent of all eligible citizens 12 and older have received at least one shot, and 95 percent of people 50 and older are fully vaccinated.

Denmark’s death toll during the pandemic was only 450 people per million citizens, compared to 1,982 per million in the United States. How did Denmark, and its 5.8 million people, beat the covid-19 pandemic?

As part of Denmark’s largest behavioral covid-19 research project (the HOPE project), we surveyed more than 400,000 individuals in Denmark and seven other countries.…  Seguir leyendo »

Last week, the Wall Street Journal published Jeff Horwitz’s investigation into the inner workings of Facebook — with some troubling findings. Internal documents suggest that Facebook’s top management dismissed or downplayed an array of problems brought to their attention by product teams, internal researchers and their own Oversight Board. These include a report on what is known as the XCheck program, which reportedly allowed nearly any Facebook employee, at their own discretion, to whitelist users who were “newsworthy,” “influential or popular” or “PR risky.” The apparent result was that more than 5.8 million users were moderated according to different rules than ordinary Facebook users, or hardly moderated at all.…  Seguir leyendo »

Think China is angered at the new AUKUS defense partnership between the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia? Meet the French, to whom the announcement on Sept. 15 came as a complete shock. France apparently learned of the new trilateral security partnership on the day it was publicly announced.

It’s not just that this partnership doesn’t include France. At issue is the U.S. decision to share technology for building nuclear-powered submarines with its Australian allies — this first AUKUS initiative ruptures a lucrative contract France made in 2016 to supply submarines to Australia.

Of course, as former French ambassador to the U.S.…  Seguir leyendo »

A submarine in Darwin, Australia. (Getty Images)

No pain, no gain. That’s as true in diplomacy as in the gym. The United States has gained much with its agreement to share nuclear-powered submarine technology with Australia as part of a new Australia-United Kingdom-United States (AUKUS) accord. But this achievement comes at a cost: France, complaining of a “knife in the back,” recalled its ambassadors from Canberra and Washington (but not London) in its fury over losing a $66 billion agreement to sell diesel submarines to Australia.

Was it worth it? Yes. Could it have been better handled? Also yes. This is a bit like a football team scoring a touchdown and then getting penalized 15 yards for unsportsmanlike conduct.…  Seguir leyendo »

El presidente de Argentina, Alberto Fernández, en su discurso anual sobre el Estado de la Nación junto a la vicepresidenta, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, en Buenos Aires, Argentina, el 1 de marzo de 2021. (Natacha Pisarenko/AP)

Exactamente 120 horas duró la crisis que causó en el gobierno de Argentina la profunda y extensa derrota en las elecciones primarias del 12 de septiembre, de cara a las legislativas de medio término que se llevarán a cabo el 14 de noviembre. Estas elecciones, que el presidente Alberto Fernández había encarado como un plebiscito sobre su gestión, terminaron mostrando cómo se le escurrieron cuatro millones de votos al peronismo de 2019 a esta parte. Para completar el cuadro que sumergió al gobierno en la desolación, Juntos por el Cambio, la alianza electoral que hace seis años llevó a Mauricio Macri a la presidencia, revalidó su 40% a nivel nacional y candidatos de la derecha autoritaria que ya venían copando el debate público se posicionaron para tener desde diciembre próximo representación legislativa.…  Seguir leyendo »

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun with his wife Ri Sol Ju in Pyongyang, North Korea, on Sept. 9. (Str/AFP/Getty Images)

We are stuck in a rut on North Korea. The absence of any forward progress on denuclearization diplomacy is the result of a unique intersection of American distraction and North Korean disinterest. Now, by test-firing two short-range ballistic missiles and a long-range cruise missile, the North Koreans have signaled that they aim to shake things up, confronting President Biden with a predicament he’s so far been able to dodge. There are two paths out of it — one that the United States and its allies can control and another that they cannot.

The Biden administration has kept its North Korea policy deliberately low-key.…  Seguir leyendo »

Estudiantes en el regreso a clases presenciales después de más de un año de lecciones en línea por el COVID-19, en Ciudad Juárez, México, el 30 de agosto de 2021. (REUTERS/José Luis González) (Jose Luis Gonzalez/Reuters)

Una de las peores consecuencias de la pandemia de COVID-19 ha sido la imposibilidad de recibir educación en las aulas y fuera de las pantallas, particularmente para los niños, quienes requieren más de la socialización y la guía de los maestros.

La educación en línea tiene algunas ventajas, pero en países como México su aplicación carece de equidad pues hay estudiantes que no tienen acceso a servicios de internet o incluso a señal de televisión. Hoy sabemos que es deseable volver a clases presenciales y que se puede hacer con una seguridad razonable. Sin embargo, la pandemia aún no termina y es necesario tomar acciones eficientes para que tanto estudiantes como el personal de las escuelas estén más protegidos.…  Seguir leyendo »

The pursuit of happiness is happiness

“In order to master the unruly torrent of life the learned man meditates, the poet quivers, and the political hero erects the fortress of his will.” — José Ortega y Gasset

But a journalist, whose job is to chronicle and comment on the tor­rent, knows that this is not amenable to being mastered. That is what it means to be unruly. Besides, the enjoyment of life is inseparable from life’s surprises, and hence from its contingencies. Surprises and con­tingencies have propelled this columnist through a happy half-century of arriving at his office each morning impatient to get on with the pleasure of immersion in the torrent.…  Seguir leyendo »

From left, chancellor candidates Olaf Scholz of the Social Democratic Party, Annalena Baerbock of the Green Party and Armin Laschet of the Christian Democratic Union before a debate in Berlin on Sept. 12. (Michael Kappeler/Pool/Reuters)

One of the biggest strengths of democracies is their capacity to provide for peaceful transitions of power. In Germany, where the 67-year-old Angela Merkel has reigned for 16 years, voters are about to decide who will come next.

Could the Sept. 26 general election be a chance for Germans to send a signal about long-overdue generational change? Merkel’s retirement from politics would seem to have taken the option of continuity off the ballot. Yet the fact that she is still by far Germany’s most popular politician is actually leading her would-be successors to emphasize business as usual rather than disruption. Merkel’s departure should have opened up a real opportunity for a new generation to come forward.…  Seguir leyendo »