Las instituciones financieras de la Unión Europea concentran cada vez más su atención en Palestina con el propósito de ayudar a estimular el desarrollo sostenible, crear empleos, promover el crecimiento y apoyar la recuperación posterior a la pandemia. Pero, a pesar de los enormes flujos de inversiones, principalmente en forma de préstamos al sector privado palestino, la UE continúa ignorando los obstáculos estructurales al desarrollo que están presentes en Palestina. En lugar de ocuparse de dichos obstáculos, la asistencia de la UE apuntala al sistema bancario palestino y sostiene una economía destrozada bajo el régimen de la ocupación.

Según un reciente análisis realizado por la UE de las inversiones en Palestina desde el año 2014, los aportes económicos en curso brindados por el “Equipo Europa” (la UE, sus Estados miembros, y los bancos públicos de desarrollo, en particular el Banco Europeo de Inversiones y el Banco Europeo de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo) ascienden a 1,4 mil millones de euros (1,5 mil millones de euros).…  Seguir leyendo »

A lo largo de los años, la conmemoración anual del 29 de noviembre de 1947, día en que las Naciones Unidas votaron la partición de Palestina en dos Estados (uno judío y uno árabe), se ha convertido en una fiesta del odio contra Israel. En la ONU y en todo el mundo se celebra el día en solidaridad con los palestinos y se recurre a eslóganes, resoluciones y llamadas a la acción en contra del Estado judío.

Que la ONU sea el lugar donde se celebran estos actos no es ninguna sorpresa. La ONU, al menos desde la década de 1970, tras la aprobación de la infame resolución de "el sionismo es racismo", ha estado más interesada en la guerra ideológica contra Israel que en el cambio real en la región.…  Seguir leyendo »

On the afternoon of June 24, I watched, shaken and still, as Palestinian special police fired tear gas at Palestinian protesters demanding accountability for the killing of Nizar Banat, a vocal critic of the Palestinian Authority’s policies and corruption. I had been here before. I have witnessed Palestinian security forces beat Palestinians in the streets and target dissidents in August 2012, July 2013, April 2014, 2017, 2018 and 2019.

In 2017, I witnessed Palestinian riot police and national guard forces impede Palestinian protesters near the illegal settlement of Beit El. I have seen Palestinian police spit at women walking in Ramallah city center, because they previously protested against the violence of the Palestinian Authority.…  Seguir leyendo »

Palestinians protest against Israeli settlements and call for the return of bodies of Palestinians detained by the army, on June 11, in the village of Silwad, near Ramallah in the West Bank. (Abbas Momani/AFP/Getty Images)

If anything has been made clear by the current developments in Palestine, it is the weakness of the traditional Palestinian political system and its disconnect from the Palestinian people. The historical conditions that produced the traditional Palestinian leadership do not exist anymore, and there is no longer a unified political project. The leadership is now fractured and controlled by different regional and global alliances and loyalties.

For decades, the Palestine Liberation Organization, established in 1964, played the role of representative for all Palestinians. The Palestinian political structure had always been secular, led by Fatah under Yasser Arafat and comprised of a range of leftist factions, mostly founded in the 1950s and 1960s in the context of the Arab Nationalists Movement and the expansion of national liberation movements worldwide.…  Seguir leyendo »

Supporters of exiled Palestinian politician and Fatah movement's former security chief, Mohammed Dahlan, demonstrate outside the Palestinian Central Elections Commission headquarters in Gaza City on 29 April 2021. Majdi Fathi/NurPhoto via AFP

This publication is part of a joint initiative between the International Crisis Group and the United States/Middle East Project (USMEP) to help resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

On 29 April, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas “indefinitely postponed” three separate rounds of elections in the occupied Palestinian territories that had been scheduled to start on 22 May. His announcement, four months ago, of dates for these elections had come as a pleasant surprise to many Palestinians. No voting for Palestinian Authority (PA) institutions, which exercise limited self-rule in the territories, or the Palestinian national movement’s main organs has taken place for fifteen years. These institutions have become stale and out of touch.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Palestinian boy in the Nuseirat refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. Credit Mohammed Saber/EPA, via Shutterstock

Israel’s plans to inoculate its population against Covid-19 are proceeding briskly. The country has vaccinated a larger share of its population than any other country, and its drive is being praised as an example of an effective vaccination program. But there is a darker side to this success story: Some five million Palestinians under its control are being sidelined.

While Israel has a plan to inoculate all of its citizens in the next few months, it is leaving Palestinians living in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to fend for themselves.

Gaza and the West Bank are suffering from a serious coronavirus outbreak.…  Seguir leyendo »

Jehad al-Saftawi A vehicle belonging to the Gaza-based press outlet Media 24 destroyed by a missile fired from an Israeli aircraft, killing its driver and injuring eight others nearby, Gaza, July 10, 2014

My name is Jehad al-Saftawi. I am a photographer and journalist. For years, I clung to the idea of fleeing my country for the Western world. There is no free press in Gaza. Most of the news channels cater to political parties that use violence to silence opposition. I come from a place overflowing with weapons, where my father could easily buy a pistol and shoot it into the air while cruising the streets of our city. A place where, on any night, you could be awoken by a bomb exploding in your neighbor’s home, stored there by a member of their family who belonged to an armed faction.…  Seguir leyendo »

A painting by the artist Banksy, in 2015 in Gaza. Divorce between Israel and the International Criminal Court was consumed in Rome in 1998, when Tel Aviv refused to sign and ratify the Statute, following its recognition of the transfer of the civilian population as a war crime. © Mohammed Abed / AFP

To me, the subject of Israel and Palestine, the relations between the two entities and their peoples, as well as the role of third actors (international or not), including the International Criminal Court (ICC), has been of concern for many years. The so-called Palestine Situation before the ICC seems to put into perspective the meetings and dialogues I had more than twenty years ago. Professionally, I have devoted my energy for the past fifteen years to international criminal justice, both in teaching and research and in practice, where I have been able to work alongside the Prosecutor General of Israel, the defence and more recently, in the representation of victims of international crimes.…  Seguir leyendo »

In this piece, the author points out "the interminable circularity of ‘debate’ around declaratory and constitutive theories of international law – which is to say the whether a state exists exclusively by having satisfied some set of criteria, or whether a state exists when other states recognise it as such". © Mohammed Abed / AFP

In December 2019 the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) at the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it had concluded its preliminary examination into the Situation in Palestine, and was satisfied that it had competence to open a formal investigation. The announcement, however, came in the form of a Request to the Pre-Trial Chamber for confirmation that the OTP’s understanding of the scope of the Court’s jurisdiction over Palestine was correct.

Among the reasons the OTP gave for making the request was that “while the Prosecution wishes to obtain a ruling expeditiously, it would provide an opportunity for legal representatives of victims and the referring State to participate in the proceedings, if they wish.…  Seguir leyendo »

Palestinians light fireworks above the rubble during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan amid concerns about the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in Gaza City , 30 April 2020. Photo by Majdi Fathi/NurPhoto via Getty Images.

In August 2012, when the UN released its report Gaza in 2020: A liveable place?, they could not have imagined what the world would look like in 2020: cities under lockdown, restrictions on movement, border closures, widespread unemployment, economic collapse, fear and anxiety and, above all, uncertainty about what the future holds.

For Gaza’s population of 2 million people this reality is nothing new. The conditions that the rest of the world are currently experiencing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic is similar to the tight blockade Gaza has been living under ever since Hamas took over in 2007. Israel has imposed severe restrictions on the movement of people and goods, youth unemployment has reached 60 per cent, and over 80 per cent of Gaza’s population are now dependent on international aid.…  Seguir leyendo »

Palestinian artist Samah Saed decorates a face mask in the Shijaiyah neighborhood of Gaza on April 2. (Adel Hana/AP)

As health-care professionals around the world struggle to cope with the covid-19 pandemic, doctors and nurses in Gaza face challenges more daunting than most due to the Israeli-led siege imposed on the overcrowded coastal territory more than a decade ago. The recent confirmation of the first covid-19 cases in Gaza should prompt immediate action to lift the siege and ensure medical workers have the supplies and equipment they desperately need.

Since I left Gaza a few weeks ago, there have been 13 confirmed cases of covid-19 in Gaza, nearly 300 confirmed cases and two deaths in the West Bank. Gaza is one of the most densely populated places on earth, and the poor conditions in its refugee camps and cities mean that the novel coronavirus could spread quickly and devastatingly.…  Seguir leyendo »

Según los expertos se espera que la Franja de Gaza, uno de los lugares más densamente poblados del mundo, se encuentre entre las áreas más afectadas en el mundo. Los índices de pobreza, el hacinamiento, la escasez crónica de suministros y un sistema de salud colapsado exacerbará la propagación del virus.

Hoy más que nunca la población de Gaza necesita que se ponga fin de una vez al bloqueo que Israel ejerce desde hace 13 años que ha llevado al colapso económico de este pequeño enclave costero.

La amenaza del coronavirus se cierne sobre los dos millones de personas que viven encerradas en Gaza, la cárcel a cielo abierto más grande del mundo.…  Seguir leyendo »

La haut-commissaire des Nations unies aux droits de l’homme, Michelle Bachelet, a rendu publique, le 12 février, une base de données des entreprises opérant dans les colonies israéliennes établies dans les territoires palestiniens occupés. En tant que citoyens concernés d’Israël, nous considérons la diffusion de cette liste comme une mesure de transparence et un pas vers la paix.

La base de données répertorie 112 sociétés, domiciliées majoritairement en Israël, mais également aux Etats-Unis, en France, aux Pays-Bas, au Royaume-Uni, au Luxembourg et en Thaïlande. Elles comprennent des fournisseurs de services et d’équipements favorisant l’expansion et le maintien des colonies et de leurs infrastructures, et la démolition des habitats et des biens des Palestiniens.…  Seguir leyendo »

Mahmoud Abbas, eterno presidente de la Autoridad Palestina en Cisjordania (pero excluido de Gaza por sus rivales de Hamas), defendió el 10 de febrero ante el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU la causa de su pueblo contra el plan de paz propuesto por Donald Trump. Ese plan, que es más bien una rendición en plena campaña, concede a Israel todo lo que su Gobierno nacionalista exige. Hiperrealista, toma nota de la situación sobre el terreno: dominio total del Ejército israelí y descomposición total del campo palestino. Abbas siempre es bien acogido en la ONU, compuesta por dirigentes que se le parecen, pocas veces elegidos y que confunden la caja de sus Estados con la suya propia.…  Seguir leyendo »

He estado involucrado en el proceso de paz en Oriente Medio, de una manera u otra, durante 12 años. Rara vez escribo sobre él, porque cualquier cosa que se diga en público suele ofender a alguien, pero la publicación del tan esperado plan de paz estadounidense es una oportunidad para evaluar la situación.

Soy uno de los pocos que aún creen que la creación de un estado palestino es tanto deseable como posible. La mayor parte de los comentaristas recibe la idea con una risita sardónica. Muchos israelíes y palestinos se han dado por vencidos.

Yo no, porque estoy convencido —tal vez irracionalmente— de que la razón siempre triunfa al final.…  Seguir leyendo »

One didn’t need to read 25 books to predict that the Palestinians would reject President Trump’s Middle East “peace plan”. Palestinians have a reputation for rejecting offers, knowing quite well the next could be worse. They rejected the 1947 United Nations partition plan that gave them less than 45 percent of Mandatory Palestine, Ehud Barak’s “generous offer” at Camp David in 2000, and Ehud Olmert’s even “more generous” offer in 2008 after the Annapolis process. The world has grown weary of this perceived lack of pragmatism; many feel that, given their weak position, Palestinians should accept what they can get or “shut up”, as Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman so eloquently put it in 2018.…  Seguir leyendo »

Estados Unidos puede haber aniquilado cualquier esperanza que quedara de una solución de dos estados para el conflicto palestino-israelí. La declaración del secretario de Estado norteamericano, Mike Pompeo, de que los asentamientos israelíes en Cisjordania no violan el derecho internacional desafía un consenso global de larga data. El resto del mundo debe oponerse.

No cabe duda alguna de que la política de asentamientos de Israel en los territorios palestinos ocupados viola el derecho internacional. Luego de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la Cuarta Convención de Ginebra estableció que una potencia ocupadora “no debe deportar o transferir partes de su propia población civil al territorio que ocupa”.…  Seguir leyendo »

Concentración de protesta en Palestina tras la muerte de Israa Ghraeeb. Carolina Garcia Alianza por la Solidaridad

“No me mandéis mensajes diciéndome que sea fuerte. Soy fuerte. Que Dios sea el juez de los que me oprimieron y me lastimaron”. Con esta publicación en sus redes sociales, acompañada de una foto desde el hospital, Israa Ghraeeb, de 21 años, palestina, mandaba un claro mensaje. Apenas unos días más tarde, murió “ en extrañas circunstancias” en casa. Aunque su fallecimiento se produjo el 22 de agosto, ha sido ahora cuando, impulsada por las redes sociales, ha saltado la noticia a los medios ya la opinión pública, y se han convocado concentraciones para denunciar lo que sería un nuevo “crimen de honor”, el número 19 en lo que va de año según las organizaciones de mujeres palestinas.…  Seguir leyendo »

Palestinian schoolchildren chant slogans at a U.N.-run school in the Arroub refugee camp near Hebron in the occupied West Bank in 2018. (Hazem Bader/AFP/Getty Images)

This summer, the top management of the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) were accused of serious abuses of power, including sexual misconduct, nepotism, bullying and retaliation. Al Jazeera reported that the agency’s ethics department made these claims in a recent report.

The U.N. Office of Internal Oversight Services is investigating. This is not the first time that it has been called on to look into the agency. The Swiss, Dutch and Belgian governments have all suspended payments to UNRWA while the investigation is ongoing. Danny Ayalon, the Israeli ambassador to the United Nations, has formally called on the international community to completely defund UNRWA.…  Seguir leyendo »

El mes pasado, Jared Kushner, yerno y alto asesor del presidente estadounidense Donald Trump, reveló un ambicioso plan para fortalecer la economía palestina, con la esperanza de que cuantiosas inversiones abran un camino hacia un acuerdo de paz entre israelíes y palestinos. Pero lejos de ser el “acuerdo del siglo”, como lo llamó Trump, el plan “Paz para la Prosperidad” está divorciado de la realidad y condenado a fracasar.

La idea de convencer a los palestinos de aceptar la supremacía israelí con beneficios económicos viene de lejos. El primer ministro británico Winston Churchill, algunos de los primeros sionistas, e incluso locales árabes ya sostenían mucho antes de 1948 que el proyecto sionista beneficiaría a la población nativa.…  Seguir leyendo »