Adoctrinamiento ideológico

The Chinese government is forcing Tibetans to give up herding and farming to become wage laborers, cutting them off from ancient traditions and sacred landscapes. And that’s just the point.Credit...Purbu Zhaxi/Xinhua, via Getty Images

Before Xinjiang, there was Tibet. Repressive policies tested there between 2012 and 2016 were then applied to the Uighurs and other ethnic minorities in northwestern China: entire cities covered in surveillance cameras, ubiquitous neighborhood police stations, residents made to report on another other.

Now that process also works the other way around. Xinjiang’s coercive labor program — which includes mandatory training for farmers and herders in centralized vocational facilities and their reassignment to state-assigned jobs, some far away — is being applied to Tibet. (Not the internment camps, though.)

Call this a feedback loop of forcible assimilation. It certainly is evidence of the scale of Beijing’s ruthless campaign to suppress cultural and ethnic differences — and not just in Tibet and Xinjiang.…  Seguir leyendo »

‘All the trainees … have returned to society,’ said Xinjiang’s governor last year. An education centre near Kashgar, Xinjiang. Photograph: Greg Baker/AFP/Getty Images

Since 2017, Xinjiang in China has been reeling from a brutal crackdown outlawing both public and private displays of Uighur culture or identity, not to mention political dissent. A cornerstone of this repression, and the foundation upon which all other coercive measures are built, is an intense and unparalleled carceral regime: a network of hundreds of political indoctrination camps, detention centres and prisons. This has forced the region’s inhabitants not only into obedience but also into a chilling silence.

By most estimates, about 10% of Uighurs and other Muslim nationalities in Xinjiang have found themselves arbitrarily detained in these camps.

While researching human rights in Xinjiang at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, a non-partisan thinktank based in Canberra, I’ve spent two years scouring satellite imagery and working with journalists, researchers and survivors to locate as many of these secretive camps as possible.…  Seguir leyendo »

Atiendan a lo siguiente: «Cuando el borde de una falda sube unos centímetros por encima de la rodilla, sea cual fuere el punto del globo en que esto ocurra, a menos de treinta metros hay siempre un siciliano, al menos uno, mirando». La frase procede de «A ciascuno il suo», una novela de Leonardo Sciascia. Uno de los encantos de Sciascia reside, como se ve aquí, en el uso sapientísimo del hipérbaton: el pensamiento permanece en estado de suspensión, intimando y no diciendo, hasta que la palabra final provoca el equivalente a una precipitación química. En esto, Sciascia recuerda a Benedetto Croce, el mejor estilista, según Gramsci, que puede alegar el idioma italiano en el siglo XX.…  Seguir leyendo »

One of China’s ‘re-education’ centres in Dabancheng, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. Photograph: Thomas Peter/Reuters

When China imposed trade sanctions on Norway in 2010 for honouring the imprisoned dissident Liu Xiaobo with the Nobel peace prize, it spat out a word we weren’t used to hearing from propagandists for an atheist communist regime, but should get used to today. “It’s a blasphemy,” a party mouthpiece said.

Once, blasphemy was damning the faithful’s gods and sacred books. Now, criticism of the world’s largest dictatorship has become sacrilegious. You shouldn’t be surprised. As some of us tried to say in the 1990s and 2000s, the gap between the sacred and the profane was never as wide as religious sentimentalists and liberal multiculturalists believed.…  Seguir leyendo »

El permiso de los padres se le ha llamado siempre permiso de los padres. Hasta la llegada del PIN parental. El cursi adjetivo y el catastrófico acrónimo (en adelante pin, menos humos), llevan sustancia. El pin es la cabeza de una gamba, y su exceso resulta tóxico. Pero aquí lo que importa es si hablamos o no de contenidos curriculares, otro término irritante. Hay un triunfo de la estupidez en la aceptación general de la voz pin. Favorables y detractores han caído en un símil ominoso con toda normalidad. Y eso pide lupa.

El pin bloquea contenidos en las plataformas digitales.…  Seguir leyendo »

El pin parental fue una de las propuestas de Vox en la campaña electoral del pasado abril. Durante la campaña no generó demasiado revuelo hasta que el pasado martes el partido de Abascal lo exigió como una de las condiciones para apoyar los presupuestos que PP y Ciudadanos tienen que sacar adelante en la Región de Murcia, y en las otras autonomías en las que gobiernan en coalición.

Por el momento parece que únicamente el PP ha salido en defensa de esa medida, y mientras que la coalición gobernante se ha erigido beligerantemente en contra (ha amenazado con recurrir cualquier medida en esa línea), Ciudadanos se ha mostrado (lamentablemente) titubeante.…  Seguir leyendo »

Arsenal’s Mesut Ozil posted to his millions of social media fans about the persecution of Uighurs in China. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

Arsenal star Mesut Özil tends to cause controversy on and off the pitch. That is why he should be applauded for speaking out about the plight of Uighurs in China and helping to raise awareness of one of the worst human rights atrocities of the modern era.

Özil posted to his millions of followers on social media on Friday about the persecution of Uighurs, condemning silence from Muslims on the issue. Özil is a Muslim who won the World Cup with the German national team before quitting international football amid claims of “racism and disrespect” over his Turkish heritage.

He is right to speak out.…  Seguir leyendo »

Estos días ha trascendido a los medios la denuncia de la Asamblea por una Escuela Bilingüe (AEB), danto cuenta de una encuesta «sobre aspectos lingüísticos y la integración cultural de migrantes», elaborada por la Universidad de Lérida, financiada por el Ministerio de Economía y ordenada por la Generalitat a través del Departamento de Educación. Se ha aplicado en diversos institutos a alumnos de 14 y 15 años (segundo ciclo de la ESO) de Barcelona, Gerona, Tarragona y en otros territorios.

En toda encuesta procede, aparte de otros rasgos técnicos, considerar sus contenidos, es decir, los objetivos que persigue y las condiciones de su aplicación a la muestra elegida.…  Seguir leyendo »

Esta tarde se presenta en Madrid el libro Nacionalismo catalán y adoctrinamiento escolar, un excelente trabajo del inspector de educación jubilado Jesús Rul, que se suma al alud de denuncias ya existente sobre la instrumentalización política del sistema educativo catalán. En la reciente presentación de este mismo libro en Barcelona, Rul defendió abiertamente la recuperación de las competencias en educación por parte del Estado.

Coincidiendo con esta primera presentación, EL MUNDO publicaba una entrevista en la que este inspector explicaba cómo en ocasiones sus informes, especialmente los que se referían a cuestiones lingüísticas, se guardaban en un cajón y cómo, para un funcionario que alza la voz, «la presión más ofensiva es el silencio, el aislamiento, sentir que estás marginado».…  Seguir leyendo »

Protesters demanding freedom for Prof. Dilmurat Ghpur and Prof. Tashpolat Tiyh in Munich, Germany, on February 2.

Sometime after he disappeared in 2017, Tashpolat Tiyip, a Uyghur leader, Communist Party member and the president of Xinjiang University, was reportedly sentenced to death in a secret trial

Apart from a leaked government film that accused him of ethnic «separatism,» the Chinese state has provided no explanation for the geography professor’s detention. Like hundreds of other Uyghur intellectuals, the government has made him disappear.

Tiyip was given a two-year suspended death sentence in September 2017. And as that deadline nears, Amnesty International has issued a statement warning that his execution may be imminent. More than 1,000 scholars from around the world have signed a petition from the American Association of Geographers asking the government of Chinese President Xi Jinping to stay Tiyip’s execution and release him.…  Seguir leyendo »

European Companies Get Rich in China’s ‘Open Air Prison’

Many people around the world may just now be learning that around a million Uighur Muslims and other minorities have been locked up in extrajudicial internment camps in the region of Xinjiang, in western China. There is a reason for that: Xinjiang is remote and the Chinese government has expended considerable effort to keep the news hidden, from harassing foreign journalists to seizing family members of activists to censoring information within its own borders.

Herbert Diess, however, should have no excuse.

Mr. Diess is the chief executive of Volkswagen, which opened a plant in Xinjiang in 2013 that employs almost 700 local workers and can make up to 50,000 cars a year.…  Seguir leyendo »

In the video Op-Ed below, three Chinese citizens whose parents disappeared demand their release from China’s “re-education camps.” The government is estimated to have detained over one million people. The goal: to force China’s Uighur ethnic minority to assimilate.

China’s decades-long campaign against the Uighur minority has surged in recent years through the construction of hundreds of detention camps. Even outside of detention centers, millions of Uighurs in China’s Xinjiang region live in a virtual prison. The surveillance state deploys sophisticated technology, including facial recognition tracking, compulsory apps that monitor mobile phones, and even DNA collection.

China has justified its actions as a fight against religious extremism within the predominantly Muslim ethnic minority.…  Seguir leyendo »

Uighur men after prayers at a mosque in the Xinjiang region of China in May.CreditCreditGreg Baker/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

The Chinese government’s campaign of internment in the northwestern region of Xinjiang is extraordinary, by dint of its scale — but also, its contradictions.

Up to 1.5 million people from predominantly Muslim Turkic minorities — Uighurs, Kazakhs and Kyrgyz — have been arbitrarily detained in political re-education camps designed in part to make them renounce their religious beliefs.

At times, the Chinese authorities have portrayed this mass detention campaign as a “strict preventative measure” against violent extremist ideologies. At others, they have called it a benign “vocational training” initiative, comparing detainees to “boarding school students.”

But eyewitnesses — as well as the government’s own documents — reveal that these facilities are prisonlike internment camps that rely on intensive brainwashing procedures and forms of psychological torture.…  Seguir leyendo »

A protester at a rally in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, in support of ethnic Uighur Muslims in China. Uighurs in China are being forced into “re-education” camps for indoctrination.CreditCreditEuropean Pressphoto Agency, via Shutterstock

One of the darkest episodes of the 20th century was the gulag — the Soviet system of forced labor camps where dissidents were imprisoned in terrible conditions, often to perish. The camps were established by Lenin, expanded by Stalin and finally exposed to the world by the great Russian author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, with his 1973 masterpiece, “The Gulag Archipelago.”

“Thin strands of human lives stretch from island to island of Archipelago,” he wrote, and “it is enough if you don’t freeze in the cold, and if thirst and hunger don’t claw at your insides.”

Today, Russia’s gulags are long gone, as is the Communist Party of the Soviet Union that operated them.…  Seguir leyendo »

Mind Control in China Has a Very Long History

China ha creado una amplia red de centros extrajudiciales de confinamiento en la región occidental de Xinjiang, donde se obliga a los uigures y otras minorías musulmanas a renunciar a su cultura y religión, y se les somete a la fuerza a un régimen de reeducación política. Después de mucho tiempo de negar la existencia de este tipo de campos, el gobierno ahora ha decidido referirse a ellos como centros inofensivos de capacitación donde se imparten clases de Derecho, mandarín y destrezas vocacionales, una designación que bien se sabe es un eufemismo falso que emplean con la intención de evitar críticas por los tremendos abusos cometidos en contra de los derechos humanos.…  Seguir leyendo »

Mind Control in China Has a Very Long History

China has built a vast network of extrajudicial internment camps in the western region of Xinjiang, where Uighurs and other Muslim minorities are made to renounce their culture and religion, and are forcibly subjected to political indoctrination. After long denying the camps’ existence, the government now calls them benign training centers that teach law, Mandarin and vocational skills — a claim that has been exposed as a disingenuous euphemism and an attempt to deflect criticism for gross human rights abuses.

But the camps, especially their ambition to rewire people, reveal a familiar logic that has long defined the Chinese state’s relationship with its public: a paternalistic approach that pathologizes deviant thought and behavior, and then tries to forcefully transform them.…  Seguir leyendo »

An image from undated video footage of Muslims reading from official Chinese language textbooks at a training center in Hotan, in Xinjiang. The Chinese authorities recently acknowledged the existence of a vast network of indoctrination camps. Credit Credit CCTV, via Associated Press Video, via Associated Press

“Citizens, please remain calm and relax, no one in the re-education camps will starve, be left in the cold, be punished or be forced to work.” With these words, an official from China’s Communist Youth League tried to reassure relatives and friends of members of predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities who had been taken to internment centers. The detainees were “infected by an ideological illness,” the official said, and the camps would “cleanse the virus from their brain.”

When the speech was delivered in October 2017, the camps were unknown even to some of the people they targeted, the roughly 11 million ethnic Uighurs and one million Kazakhs of Xinjiang, a nominally autonomous region in northwestern China.…  Seguir leyendo »

El exitoso programa de TV3 Polònia, supuestamente de sátira política, ha sido noticia por la emisión del sketch “Familia contra el adoctrinamiento” en el que se ridiculiza a un matrimonio castellanohablante, crítico con el monolingüismo y los contenidos que se imparten en la denominada escola catalana.

El sketch podría tener gracia si no fuera porque ya en el Programa 2000 de Pujol se hablaba literalmente de “impulsar el sentimiento nacional catalán de los profesores, padres y estudiantes”, de “reorganizar el cuerpo de inspectores de forma y modo que vigilen el correcto cumplimiento de la normativa sobre la catalanización de la enseñanza” o de “incidir en las asociaciones de padres, aportando gente y dirigentes que tengan criterios nacionalistas”.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una de las consecuencias del llamado procés es que hay más gente que ha perdido el miedo a hablar. Fruto de eso, cada vez son más los profesores y las familias que se atreven a denunciar el adoctrinamiento en las escuelas catalanas, aunque siguen siendo muy pocas porque las represalias suelen ser terribles. A raíz de estas denuncias, Ciudadanos ya pidió en su momento al Gobierno del PP que elaborara un informe al respecto. El informe se hizo, pero  como todos los que se han realizado hasta el momento, acabó en un cajón. El entonces ministro de Educación, Méndez de Vigo, se negó a entregarlo y lo mismo hizo su sucesora socialista bajo el pretexto de que no lo encontraba.…  Seguir leyendo »

Días atrás se hizo público en este periódico un secreto a voces: en Cataluña, al igual que en otros lugares, se adoctrina. En este caso la afirmación deja de ser un mero contraste de opiniones entre miembros de la comunidad educativa, pues el documento que lo sustenta es un papel elaborado por la Alta Inspección Educativa que, en contra de lo que afirma una ministra, cuenta con el mismo rigor que cualquier otro informe científico.

El ocultado análisis presenta afirmaciones razonadas y evidenciadas en las que se aportan ejemplos de editoriales que explican, por ejemplo, que en Cataluña se pueden tomar decisiones vinculantes vía referéndum o que el 1 de octubre ocurrió todo en relación al argumentario de la Generalitat.…  Seguir leyendo »