EEUU

Trump, el antiestadounidense

El encuentro entre Donald Trump y Kim Jong-un pasará a la historia como una de las páginas más siniestras del Imperio Americano. Singapur 2018, Múnich 1938: ¿cómo no comparar estas dos infamias? En Múnich, el Gobierno británico y el francés entregaron los Sudetes checos a Adolf Hitler con la esperanza, debido a su cobardía y a su incomprensión del adversario, de comprar la paz. Winston Churchill declaró entonces: «Entre la guerra y el deshonor, habéis elegido el deshonor, y tendréis la guerra». De la misma manera, Trump, aunque no lo sabe, ha sacrificado en Singapur el honor de EE.UU. y la vida del pueblo norcoreano, esclavizado por uno de los regímenes más demenciales del mundo.…  Seguir leyendo »

La historia invisible de EEUU

La primera ciudad fundada en territorio de lo que hoy es EEUU es San Juan de los Caballeros en 1598, no Jamestown en Virginia en 1607, que es lo que se estudia en los libros de texto.

Aquel año Juan de Oñate, un mexicano de origen vasco -en aquellos tiempos los vascos no tenían que nacer en las Vascongadas sino donde les daba la gana- organizó una expedición hacia el norte de México. Le hubiera dado un aire de perlesía al corajudo Oñate si alguien le hubiera explicado que cuatro siglos después un grupo de paisanos suyos llegaría a estar tan absolutamente desvasquizado que querrían dejar de ser españoles, tras haber poblado Las Merindades e inventado el castellano a fuerza de hablar empleando solo cinco vocales.…  Seguir leyendo »

A member of a family that fled war in Syria and relocated to Michigan.CreditAndrew Renneisen/Getty Images

Dearborn, Mich., is the capital of Muslim America, and it is never more vibrant than during the holy month of Ramadan, which comes to an end this week. Authentic Yemeni cafes are packed with customers into the early-morning hours, colorful rows of desserts are displayed in Lebanese and Palestinian sweet shops, and the tables at private iftars — the traditional dinners where Muslims end their daily fast — overflow each evening with an abundance of food.

Here, as in many communities where Muslim Americans have climbed from the economic perils that can accompany immigrant status to the relative comforts of the ranks of the working class, the bounty of the evening and early morning provide a welcome juxtaposition to Ramadan’s daily fasts.…  Seguir leyendo »

After three months of palace intrigue, speculation and on-again-off-again pronouncements, the Singapore summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un is finally upon us. The core question is whether this historic meeting between two idiosyncratic leaders who were just months ago exchanging taunts like “Little Rocket Man” and “dotard,” and one-upping each other’s threats of nuclear annihilation, can help find a path toward denuclearization and stability for the Korean Peninsula.

We both worked in the Obama White House but this is not a partisan matter and we are rooting wholeheartedly for this administration’s success. Nobody will benefit if the leaders walk away from the summit disappointed and frustrated, and there’s certainly some risk of that.…  Seguir leyendo »

House Speaker Paul Ryan speaks after a Republican Conference meeting on Capitol Hill. Photo: Getty Images.

Free-trade Republicans are up in arms about President Donald Trump’s recent actions, notably tariffs on steel and aluminium imports from key US allies like the EU, Canada and Mexico. The administration’s current investigation related to potential tariffs on cars and automobile parts imports in the name of national security have poured fuel onto the fire.

The major concern for the GOP is that President Trump’s latest trade moves could set off a trade war that would hamper the economy by undoing the boost from last year’s tax cuts. Republicans are hoping to tout a booming economy going into the midterm elections in November.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Trump and Kim Jong-un of North Korea meet for the first time on Sentosa Island, Singapore.CreditDoug Mills/The New York Times

There is a phrase in Korean: “Begun is half-done.” It means when tackling a difficult task, half of the battle is getting started.

Despite the many warts in President Trump’s unconventional diplomacy toward North Korea, we have to give him credit. Only five months ago, based on my conversations with this administration, I thought we were headed down an inexorable path toward a devastating war.

A military attack would not have ended North Korea’s nuclear weapons program. Instead, it would have resulted in a war — with hundreds of thousands of deaths in Japan and South Korea, including thousands of Americans — that the United States would have won but with horrible costs.…  Seguir leyendo »

The document signed by Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un after their meeting in Singapore. Photo: Getty Images.

If success is to be defined in terms of starting a high-level negotiation process, then the summit meeting of Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un was a success. But if success is defined in terms of content, then the summit has failed because it did not deliver any substance that went beyond what has been agreed previously.

President Trump did mention that North Korea will destroy a missile engine test site as a practical step – and they have already destroyed the warhead test site. But this is not necessarily an indication of long-term policy change. Neither leader made a public commitment that North Korea will halt its nuclear weapons programme – a promising indicator would have been Kim Jong-un agreeing to provide an inventory of North Korea’s nuclear arsenal.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Trump with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada at the Group of 7 meeting last Friday.CreditDoug Mills/The New York Times

The worst thing you could say about previous American presidents and their sleepy approach to Canada was that they took their polite northern neighbors for granted.

But as President Trump jetted away from the wreckage of the Group of 7 summit meeting in Quebec this weekend, he plunged American-Canadian relations into a dive so steep it provoked nosebleeds on both sides of the border.

He called the Canadian prime minister, Justin Trudeau, dishonest and weak. His advisers accused the Canadians of stabbing Mr. Trump in the back as he winged his way to a meeting with his new best friend, Kim Jong-un of North Korea.…  Seguir leyendo »

On the roads just outside Singapore’s Capella Hotel last Friday, gardeners were replanting the flower beds and laborers were touching up road markings, shading their heads from the fierce midday heat. Two uniformed men stood by the resort’s long driveway armed with clipboards and walkie-talkies, ushering curious onlookers away. “We have a private meeting inside,” one said.

Private, but not exactly secret. On Tuesday, the sprawling complex on Sentosa, Singapore’s “pleasure island,” is preparing to host the most anticipated diplomatic meeting in recent history, as President Trump meets with the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un. As wild peacocks roam around the swimming pools and grand colonial buildings, the two leaders are expected to talk denuclearization and peace on the Korean Peninsula.…  Seguir leyendo »

Mike Pompeo, then CIA director and now US secretary of state, shakes hands with Kim Jong Un in Pyongyang. Photo: The White House.

Early in US president Bill Clinton’s first term, North Korean leader Kim Il Sung reportedly asked visiting American scholars: ‘If Bill Clinton can meet with the president of South Korea, why couldn’t he meet with me?’

Toward the end of Clinton’s second term, Marshal Jo Myong Rok of the Korean People’s Army met with the president in the White House, where he pleaded with Clinton to meet with Kim Il Sung’s son Kim Jong Il: ‘I need to secure your agreement to come to Pyongyang. I really need to take back a positive answer.’

Clinton would come close but ultimately never agree to meet with a North Korean leader; neither would George W Bush or Barack Obama.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Trump meeting with President Vladimir Putin of Russia at the G-20 meeting in Hamburg, Germany, in 2017.CreditStephen Crowley/The New York Times

Traditionally, the departing president writes a personal letter to his successor, offering wisdom and best wishes. President Barack Obama duly left such a letter for President Trump, as President George W. Bush did eight years earlier.

Imagine if Vladimir Putin, the Russian president, had also written a letter to Mr. Trump, somehow inserting it in the top drawer of the Resolute Desk in the Oval Office. What advice would Mr. Putin have offered his American counterpart, the man whom Mr. Putin tried to help elect, according to the American intelligence community?

Mr. Putin’s objectives are plain: to restore Russia to global greatness at the expense of the United States and to divide Europe by weakening NATO and the European Union.…  Seguir leyendo »

A man walks past a television news screen showing North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (R) and US President Donald Trump (L) at a railway station in Seoul on May 16, 2018. - North Korea threatened on May 16, to cancel the forthcoming summit between leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump if Washington seeks to push Pyongyang into unilaterally giving up its nuclear arsenal. (Photo by Jung Yeon-je / AFP) (Photo credit should read JUNG YEON-JE/AFP/Getty Images)

The last few weeks in North Korea diplomacy have been tumultuous but curiously pointless, in our modern “Trumpian disruption” way. US President Donald Trump has for months flouted established patterns of engagement with North Korea, and he clearly relishes doing so. Cable TV is filled with pro-Trump pundits praising his marginalization of “so-called experts” on the North. The analyst community is apparently to be swept aside before Trump’s bold moves and wheeler-and-dealer bravado, which will bring North Korean supremo Kim Jong-un to the table.

But it is not at all clear that this turmoil has resulted in anything other than chaos, setting off a daily rollercoaster of changes, such as the South Korean President Moon Jae-in’s sudden suggestion that he, too, might participate in the summit.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una vista de Kennett Square, Filadelfia. “Los mexicanos se están yendo, y eso es una mala noticia para todos”, dijo un empleador. Credit Craig Warga / Bloomberg, vía Getty Images

En medio de todo el fervor antiinmigrante, los nacionalistas están olvidando un hecho fundamental: en años recientes, los migrantes mexicanos y sus hijos mexicano-estadounidenses han rescatado los lugares más icónicos de Estados Unidos: sus localidades rurales.

Durante los últimos diez años, el número de mexicanos inmigrantes que vive en Estados Unidos ha disminuido en más de un millón; algunos han decidido irse, pero decenas de miles han sido deportados. Los estadounidenses que sueñan con un Estados Unidos sin mexicanos deberían tomar en cuenta el ejemplo de Kennett Square.

Kennett Square, un pueblo de un poco más de seis mil habitantes, a casi una hora de Filadelfia, se define con orgullo como la capital mundial de los hongos.…  Seguir leyendo »

A las 00:10 del 5 de junio de 1968, dos balazos del calibre 22 abatían al senador por Nueva York Robert Kennedy. En la madrugada del día siguiente moría en la planta 5 del Hotel Buen Samaritano de Los Ángeles. Eran las 01:44 del 6 de junio. Hoy se cumplen 50 años. Fue enterrado junto a su hermano el presidente Kennedy en el cementerio militar de Arlington. Hubo una diferencia: Bob entró en Arlington sin pasar por el Despacho Oval, aunque horas antes se perfilaba como el gran favorito a ocuparlo.

Hace unos días su asesino, un palestino jordano -no islámico- ha pedido por décimo tercera vez la libertad provisional.…  Seguir leyendo »

22 de noviembre de 1963, asesinato John F. Kennedy, 46 años. 21 de febrero de 1965, asesinato de Malcolm X, líder de los musulmanes negros, 40 años. 4 de abril de 1968, asesinato de Martin Luther King, líder del movimiento por los derechos civiles, 39 años. En apenas un quinquenio, un presidente y dos líderes sociales habían muerto violentamente. El país de la libertad se desangraba en Vietnam y también en los guetos, campo de batalla de los choques raciales. El pacifismo, la contracultura hippie y los miles de muertos del sudeste asiático ponían en jaque el modo de vida americano.…  Seguir leyendo »

An American Alternative to Europe’s Privacy Law

Imagine that you’ve been struggling with a serious and fairly embarrassing personal problem. Putting aside a longstanding reluctance to address it, you finally consult a therapist. The therapist is friendly and welcoming and promises to protect your privacy. Gaining a sense of trust, you bare your soul, describing the issue you are struggling with in all of its painful detail.

Only later do you realize, to your horror, that your confessions were being recorded and retained by the therapist. It turns out that your therapist, to supplement his income, has gotten into the advertising business: He takes data gleaned from his patients and offers it to advertisers (or any other interested party) for a fee.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Central American migrant, holding a child, looks through the border wall toward a group of people gathered on the U.S. side, as he stands in Tijuana, Mexico, on April 29. (Hans-Maximo Musielik/AP)

In March, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit challenging the Trump administration’s policy of detaining undocumented migrants — including those seeking asylum — and separating them from their children. When asked about the policy at a May 16 Senate committee hearing, Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen defended it as being “for the purposes of deterrence.” White House Chief of Staff John Kelly offered a similar justification, as have senior policy adviser Stephen Miller and Attorney General Jeff Sessions.

Some commentators argue that separating parents from their children is too high a price to pay for reducing unauthorized immigration.…  Seguir leyendo »

The C919 aircraft, China's first modern passenger jet, is a flagship project of President Xi Jinping's ambition to build the country's domestic manufacturing capabilities. Photo: Getty Images.

Among the many issues at play in the ongoing economic and trade tensions between the US and China are questions of technological capability and innovation.

Two of the main complaints in the US Section 301 report were that American companies have been forced to transfer technology to China and been the subject of cyber espionage. The presentation of the issues in this report has been disputed, but behind it lies concern in the US that Chinese innovative and technological capability is catching up with that in the US, thanks partly to the support of state policies set out in the Made in China 2025 initiative.…  Seguir leyendo »

El fin del racismo en el mundo

El mundo conoce el pecado original de Estados Unidos, consistente en 246 años de esclavitud (1619-1865), otros 31 años en la jungla de los Códigos Negros (1865-1869), otros 95 años de apartheid legal, gracias a una decisión del Tribunal Supremo que estableció el principio legal de “separados pero iguales” y la discriminación que aún persiste, pese a que otro fallo del Tribunal Supremo revocó ese principio por considerarlo “intrínsecamente desigual”. Todas estas injustas estructuras sociales, económicas, políticas y legales se construyeron a partir de la ideología racista de la supremacía blanca.

En Estados Unidos no somos conscientes de hasta qué punto está arraigado todavía el legado de la esclavitud y la supremacía blanca en nuestras políticas y estructuras actuales, ni de lo vulnerables que seguimos siendo a su capacidad de atracción y su fuerza psicológica.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tema

La política de Donald Trump en relación a la cooperación de EEUU con América Latina para combatir el narcotráfico está demostrando ser errática.

Resumen

Este documento analiza la política de seguridad del presidente Donald Trump hacia América Latina, en particular la relacionada con la guerra al narcotráfico. En este sentido, cabe señalar una importante diferencia con respecto a las Administraciones pasadas. En EEUU la cooperación en seguridad hacia los países iberoamericanos reviste un consenso bipartidista donde los programas tienen una lógica de continuidad sostenida en la política federal de “Guerra a las Drogas”, impulsada desde 1969 por el presidente Richard Nixon.…  Seguir leyendo »