Reino Unido

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson arrives back at Downing Street in London on November 10, 2020 after chairing the weekly cabinet meeting held at the nearby Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office. (Photo by JUSTIN TALLIS / AFP) (Photo by JUSTIN TALLIS/AFP via Getty Images)

The UK government will have to work hard to insert itself into the Biden team’s plans for a renewed transatlantic partnership as many of the new US administration’s priorities, such as sanctions towards Russia, trade relations with China, taxation, and regulation of US technology companies will be US–EU negotiations with the UK excluded.

A US–UK trade deal also now appears less likely in the near term, and any failure to reach a compromise with the EU on the status of Northern Ireland could have severe repercussions for relations with the US, given the warnings from the president-elect.

But opportunities certainly exist, as both governments want to see a successful climate summit in Glasgow in November 2021, both want to bring Iran back into a negotiation over its nuclear programme, and both want to strengthen NATO especially in cybersecurity where the UK is a world leader.…  Seguir leyendo »

Como resultado de la pandemia del COVID-19, las economías tanto estadounidense como europeas se están preparando para una creación de empleo de gran escala. El presidente electo de Estados Unidos, Joe Biden, ha prometido invertir 700.000 millones de dólares en fabricación e innovación, además de 2 billones de dólares en un “Trato Verde Biden” para combatir el cambio climático y promover la energía limpia. Mientras tanto, Alemania ha abandonado años de austeridad al apoyar un fondo de recuperación de la Unión Europea de 750.000 millones de euros (887.000 millones de dólares) y, al igual que Francia, mantendrá su propio programa nacional de retención y creación de empleo en 2021.…  Seguir leyendo »

Stefan Rousseau/PA Images via Getty Images Then Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn (center), flanked by shadow cabinet members Keir Starmer and Rebecca Long-Bailey, at a meeting about Brexit in Parliament, London, March 2019; since then, Starmer has become party leader, while Long-Bailey has been demoted and Corbyn has been suspended, both over matters relating to Labour’s problems with anti-Semitism

There had been other moments that promised closure, but this was set to be the big one. At 10 AM on October 29, 2020, Britain’s Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) published the findings of its seventeen-month-long enquiry into anti-Semitism in the Labour Party—an event that many hoped would, at last, conclude a melancholy episode that had played out for more than four long years. That hope was cherished most fondly by British Jews, who had found themselves in an unfamiliar position—at the center of domestic political controversy—and didn’t much like it. They looked to the EHRC not merely to vindicate the case most of them had been making, but also to draw a line under the whole sorry business.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un antiguo dicho budista zen advierte: «No confundas la Luna con el dedo que la señala». Cuando nos centramos excesivamente en los medios, podemos perder de vista los fines. Un claro ejemplo es la ambiciosa «Operación Lanzamiento a la Luna» de Boris Johnson, primer ministro de Reino Unido. Con un costo de 100 000 millones de libras esterlinas (130 000 millones de dólares), procura aumentar la capacidad de análisis y detección de la COVID-19 de 350 000 a 10 millones por día para la próxima primavera. Debido a su diseño el plan de Johnson es, en el mejor de los casos, una distracción para ocultar el fracaso actual de su gobierno en la implementación de un sistema eficaz de detección y seguimiento y, en el peor, un esfuerzo consciente para perjudicar al sector público.…  Seguir leyendo »

A fines de septiembre los escolares ingleses llegaron a casa con una carta del organismo oficial a cargo de combatir la pandemia, Public Health England, que indicaba a los padres que no les hicieran análisis de COVID-19 a sus hijos, a menos que tuvieran uno de estos tres síntomas: fiebre, tos seca continua, o pérdida del olfato o del gusto.

Era un mensaje desconcertante si consideramos la creciente evidencia de que los síntomas más frecuentes de la COVID-19 en los niños son en realidad fatiga y dolor de cabeza, y la admisión del propio gobierno de que hasta el 80 % de los casos en adultos (y posiblemente más en los niños) probablemente sean asintomáticos.…  Seguir leyendo »

The proposed UK Holocaust Memorial and Learning Centre in Victoria Tower Gardens, London. Photograph: Hayes Davidson

In 2005, a proposal was put forward to build something lacking in this country – a national memorial to the victims of slavery that would also honour their contribution to the prosperity of Britain. The organisers of the project, named Memorial 2007 after the bicentenary of abolition of the British slave trade, felt it would be good to place it near the Houses of Parliament, the location where the laws were passed that both enabled the trade and eventually ended it.

They proposed to place it in Victoria Tower Gardens, a quiet green space just upriver from the Palace of Westminster that contains the Buxton memorial fountain, a Victorian Gothic structure named after the abolitionist MP, Thomas Fowell Buxton.…  Seguir leyendo »

A British soldier mans his gun while patrolling near the port of Umm Qasr south of Basra, Iraq in August 2004. Photo: Getty Images.

The aim of the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Bill to end ‘the cycle of reinvestigation of historic events’ is understandable. This is a problem which needs addressing.

But the Bill’s proposed solution of introducing a ‘presumption against prosecution’ of crimes by British service men and women after five years – unless a case is deemed ‘exceptional’ – is not the way to fix it. The effect of this presumption could put the UK in breach of its existing obligations to bring to justice any persons alleged to have committed serious international crimes.

The Geneva Conventions require the UK to bring before the courts all cases where there is sufficient evidence of the most serious war crimes – such as willful killing and torture – not just exceptional cases.…  Seguir leyendo »

Cuando la flor y nata se une en la aprobación o la condena de algo, mi primer impulso es disentir. Así que me resisto a unirme al coro de los indignados por la reciente decisión del gobierno del Reino Unido de «violar el derecho internacional» modificando el acuerdo de retirada suscrito con la Unión Europea.

La «violación» del acuerdo es una calculada jugada del gobierno, que está convencido de que no podrá honrar el resultado del referendo de 2016 por el Brexit sin una buena cuota de artilugios legales. El problema principal es cómo compatibilizar el pacto de retirada con el Acuerdo de Belfast (1998) que pacificó Irlanda del Norte y comprometió al gobierno del RU a mantener abierta la frontera que la divide de la República de Irlanda.…  Seguir leyendo »

Julian Assange is taken from court in London in May 2019. Photograph: Matt Dunham/AP

The British courts will soon be deciding the fate of the Australian journalist Julian Assange, a man who has been unjustly charged as a criminal. Assange committed no crime. He is a champion of the cause of freedom.

The UK will say whether it will accept or deny the request for the extradition of Assange to the US, where he will face 18 charges brought against him by the government of that country. If he is extradited, Assange, 49, could be tried and sentenced to up to 175 years in prison, the equivalent of a life sentence.

We must keep this outrage from happening.…  Seguir leyendo »

Nine months after Boris Johnson led his Conservative Party to an epic election victory in the United Kingdom, surveys are showing an increase in support for Scottish independence — literally, the breakup of the British state.

Enthusiasm for ending Scotland’s 313-year-old union with England has spiked in the past, notably in the run-up to the 2014 independence referendum, when it looked, briefly, like the Scots were going to vote in favor of leaving the U.K. (The final result was 55 percent to 45 percent against.)

But separatism has traditionally been a minority pursuit in Scotland — the distant, if endlessly debated, dream of activists, writers and radicals.…  Seguir leyendo »

US president Donald Trump (right) is welcomed by British prime minister Boris Johnson (centre) and NATO secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg during the NATO Summit in London, December 2019. Photo by Mustafa Kamaci/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images.

Does the UK have a foreign policy? The failures in Iraq and Afghanistan curbed our Blairite appetite for intervention. Then the Brexit referendum and the advent of Donald Trump as US president upended the European and Atlantic pillars of our strategy. The UK has been outflanked by Russian opportunism, and on China it is confused about the balance of security risk and economic opportunity. Meanwhile, the world is accelerating into a dangerous, bipolar era of geopolitics.

The claim that leaving the EU would open a highway to British global influence was always hollow. Since 2016, the UK’s influence has declined; our forces are barely present in international theatres of conflict and, as recent days have again shown, the Brexit soap opera undermines our diplomacy and soft power.…  Seguir leyendo »

Hace 75 años, Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido no podían gozar de mayor prestigio. Habían derrotado al Japón imperial y a la Alemania nazi, y lo hicieron en nombre de la libertad y la democracia. Es cierto, su aliada, la Unión Soviética de Stalin, tenía otra concepción sobre esos excelentes ideales y se ocupó de la mayor parte de las batallas contra la Wehrmacht de Hitler. De todas formas, los vencedores de habla inglesa moldearon el orden de posguerra en amplias regiones del mundo.

Los principios básicos de este orden habían sido definidos en la Carta del Atlántico, redactada en 1941 por Winston Churchill y el presidente Franklin D.…  Seguir leyendo »

British bank notes. (Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg News)

The Financial Times reported Monday morning that the United Kingdom government is planning to break its initial withdrawal agreement with the European Union, by introducing new legislation that would undermine parts of the agreement that affect Northern Ireland.

This has had immediate consequences, leading the British pound to fall sharply, and U.S. Rep. Brendan Boyle (D-Pa.) to warn that there may be no trade deal between the U.K. and the United States if the U.K. goes ahead with its plan. Yet the long-term consequences may be more profound, making it harder for Britain and the European Union to figure out a new relationship.…  Seguir leyendo »

A-level students protest in Leeds. Photograph: Adam Vaughan/Rex/Shutterstock

The night that the schools closed we lit a fire in a field and danced like it was the end of the world, dizzy on diet lemonade and vodka.

I had had two days to say goodbye to the people I had seen five days a week for seven years – people I had grown up with, people who had shaped me. For two years I had seen my life as “the time before exams” and “the time after”, so now I had to work out what to do when suddenly the structure in my life had been taken away, when the destination I had been running towards suddenly disappeared.…  Seguir leyendo »

La pandemia de COVID‑19 ha demostrado que la comunicación es un arma de doble filo. Es una de las herramientas más poderosas para cambiar conductas: puede crear conciencia y compasión en relación con la situación de grupos vulnerables, que son los más afectados durante las crisis; y combinada con una sólida agenda de equidad y un liderazgo creíble, puede impulsar acciones positivas e inclusivas. Pero mal usada (distorsionada por el prejuicio, la visión de corto plazo y el egoísmo) la comunicación puede ser un arma peligrosa.

Una comparación entre las respuestas a la COVID‑19 en el Reino Unido y en Ruanda permite ejemplificar esta dicotomía.…  Seguir leyendo »

Prince Harry and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, at Westminster Abbey in London in March. Credit Tolga Akmen/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

What is required of the British monarchy?

The answer is obvious, though it is both painful and embarrassing to admit: It is a willingness to be consumed. Sometimes, as when I watched the 12-year-old Prince Harry walk behind the coffin of his mother, Princess Diana, I think monarchy is less a national enchantment, or hoax, than a national sickness. I have done a jigsaw puzzle of the queen’s face. I bought it at the gift shop at Sandringham, the queen’s country home. What is that but an act of control by the subject of the object?

It is hard for outsiders to know what British people want from the royal family.…  Seguir leyendo »

Nos recuerda Ortega que cada generación tiene su vocación propia, su histórica misión. El 31 de diciembre de 2020 tendrá lugar la salida efectiva del Reino Unido de la Unión Europea poniendo así fin a casi medio siglo de integración. En la ontología de las naciones, el Reino Unido se enfrenta a la suerte suprema: decidir, que no elegir, qué nación ser. Tal ejercicio es siempre traumático, tanto más para un país que desde su ruptura con Roma y la posterior reforma anglicana, y salvo el periodo republicano de Cromwell, había dado férreas muestras de una clara dirección vital.

El Reino Unido siempre tuvo una relación particular con el continente.…  Seguir leyendo »

‘If David Frost and Michel Barnier can strike a bargain, it will lead to a much harder and more disruptive Brexit than most Britons imagine.’ Barnier arrives at No 10. Photograph: Leon Neal/Getty Images

After six rounds of talks, the UK and the EU are far from reaching an accord on their future relationship. Both sides are warning that failure – meaning that Britain would leave after the transition period on 31 December without a deal – is a real prospect. Those working for Michel Barnier, the EU negotiator, complain that the British have wasted July by refusing to offer meaningful compromises.

Failure is certainly possible. But a deal this year is more likely, for several reasons. First, there has been more progress than one might suppose from the public comments of Barnier and David Frost, the UK negotiator.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pictured is a Nigerian refugee living in the Awaradi settlement that houses some 9,000 displaced people fleeing violence from Boko Haram. Image: Getty Images.

The UK has been redeploying diplomatic, defence and development capabilities towards the Sahel since 2018 – a strategic pivot intended to deliver development impact, address long term security threats to UK interests and support alliances with international partners.

The Sahel is one of Africa’s poorest and most fragile regions and has witnessed an escalation in jihadist activity, illegal migration and trafficking since a security crisis erupted in Mali in 2012.

The crisis spread to Niger and Burkina Faso and may now spill over into Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Senegal. With Nigeria also facing insurgency in the Lake Chad basin, all major regional security and economic anchors in the region are under threat including key UK partners.…  Seguir leyendo »

A pedestrian walks past a Huawei product stand at a telecommunications shop in central London on 29 April 2019. Photo: Getty Images.

The UK’s decision on banning mobile providers from buying new Huawei 5G equipment after December 2020 and removing all the company’s 5G kit from their networks by 2027 is a blow to Huawei and China, but that is one battle in a long war that the West is currently losing.

5G’s significance for the next generation of technology is indisputable and so is its key role in helping countries achieve digital transformation and economic success due to not only the faster and better connection speeds and greater capacity it offers, but also to its role in transforming the way we interact with the critical services and its ability to allow industry to automate and optimize processes that are not possible today.…  Seguir leyendo »